Main Article Content
Aims: The study examined socio-economic characteristics of the bean balls producers, the profitability of production, determinants of profit, reasons for starting the business and constraints to production of bean balls in Idemili South Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria. The great need to help homemakers in Nigeria better appreciate and prepare cowpea bean balls as snacks for income generation and women empowerment in Nigeria informed this study.
Study Design: Multi-stage, purposive and random sampling techniques were used to select 50 respondents. Data were collected using structured questionnaire and analyzed by means of descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: Findings on socio-economic factors of the respondents gave mean age, education level and years of experience of 42.4years, 13.5years and 8.9 years respectively; the majority (92%) of the respondents were females, the majority (60%) married and most (70%) had a household size of 4-6 persons. The enterprise proved profitable with monthly mean net income and net return on investment values of ₦75,990 and 0.39 respectively. Significant determinants of net production returns were gender, educational level and costs of inputs. Main reasons for starting the business were a scarcity of job, profitable nature of the business, high demand and small start-up capital. Serious constraints to production of bean balls in the area were conjunctivitis due to emitted smoke, high and unstable price of raw materials and high cost of production. Policy measures such as bulk purchasing of beans, regulation of market prices of the product, provision of infrastructures (water, electricity), use of cooking gas as a source of heat would mitigate the problems, improve productivity, output and enterprise profitability.
Conclusion: The bean ball production proved to be a profitable enterprise in the study area. Nevertheless, the efficiency and profitability would be improved if the constraints identified by the study are addressed as it will encourage many more people especially young, active and viable individuals, to venture into the enterprise.
Ugwumba COA, Onwuemeodo JC. Fermented cassava flour marketing in Owerri metropolis of Imo State, Nigeria. SJ. Agric. Vet. Sc. (SJAVS). 2014;1(2):100-104.
Okoh RN, Ugwumba COA, Elue HO. Gender roles in foodstuff marketing in delta north agricultural zone: The case of rice. In Ume JC, Obinne CP, Lawal W (Eds). Prospects and challenges of adding value to Agricultural products. Proceedings of the 22nd Annual National Conference of Farm Management Association of Nigeria (FAMAN). Markudi, Nigeria. 2008;114-123.
Olapade AA, Ugokwe PU. Ozumba AU, Solomon HM, Olatunji O, Adelaja SO. Physico-chemical properties of premixes for preparation of “Akara”. Nigerian Food Journal. 2004;22:54-59.
Hung YC, Mc Watters KH. Effects of holding time on the functionality of cowpea paste and quality of “Akara”. J. of Food Sci. 1990;55(2):558-559.
Reber EF, Eboh L, Aladeselu A, Brown WA, Marshall DD. Development of high-protein low-cost Nigerian foods. Journal of Food Science. 1983;48(2):1-7.
Onuk EG, Shailong CN, Beshi BA, Adgizi EA. Social-economic determinants of supply and demand for convenience foods (Okpa, Moi-Moi and Meat Pie) in Lafia Urban of Nassarawa State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Management and Development. 2014;4(4):287-296.
Gyang TD, Ojoko EA. Analysis of the structural characteristics of sweet orange market in Kano Metropolis, ASN. 46th Annual Conference, Bayero University, Kano. 2012;134–138.
Ugwumba COA, Uzuegbunam CO. Value addition to soybean (Glycine Max): A case study of traditional small scale soymilk production in Awka Agricultural Zone, Anambra State, Nigeria. 2010. Proceedings of the 24th Annual National Conference of Farm Management Association of Nigeria; 2010.