Analysis of Factors Influencing the Price of Paddy Rice in Benue State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Ogah, Odey Moses
Tyo, Iveren
Abiyoung, Paul Abah


The study analyzed the factors influencing the price of paddy rice in Benue State, Nigeria. Data were collected from 113 rice farmers’ marketers using multi-stage sampling technique. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multi-regression model. The study revealed that respondents were in their active age, mostly males (65.5%), married (69.0%) formal education (79.6%), average marketing experience of 9 years and 10 members per household. Quality type of paddy rice, season and transport cost were the important and significant variables that influence the price of paddy rice in the study area. These were significant at 5%, 5% and 1% levels of probability respectively with an R2 value of 0.77. Based on these findings, it is recommended that government should construct new roads and rehabilitate rural feeder roads to ease movement of produce and also provide incentives to women to encourage them in farming. The three tiers of governments should provide adequate transportation system to help in conveying paddy rice from their place of production to the place of consumption.

Factors, influence, price, rice and analysis

Article Details

How to Cite
Moses, O., Iveren, T., & Abah, A. P. (2019). Analysis of Factors Influencing the Price of Paddy Rice in Benue State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 33(4), 1-6.
Original Research Article


Button K. Transport economics, 3rd edition, Edward Elgar publishing Ltd and Edward Elgar Publishing INC, Cheltenham UK and Northampton, MA USA; 2010.

Akintola SR. Coping with infrastructural deprivation through collective action among rural people in Nigeria. Nordic Journal of African Studies. 2007;16(1):30-46.

Ogunsanya AA. Rural accessibility problem and human resources development: A case study from Nigeria. J. Rural. Studies, Nigeria. 1987;3(1):31-42.

Filani MO. Transport and rural development in Nigeria. Journal of Transport Geography. 1993;1:248–254.

Adesanya A. Transportation development in Adedotun AO, Titilola SJ (eds). Nigeria in 2010. Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER), Ibadan, Nigeria. 1997;181-193.

Kassali R Ayanwale BA, Idowu EO, Williams SB. Effect of rural transportation system on agricultural productivity in Oyo State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics. 2010;113(1):13-19.

Mohammed HH, Kaldeen MM. Rice marketing lesson and driver for Sri Lanka producers, proceedings of the third International Symposium Oluvic Sri Lanka. 2013;33-40.

Dauna Y, Giroh DY, Adamu NB. Analysis of structure and performance of paddy rice marketing in Adamawa state, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology. 2018;10(2):174-177.

Samaripitha A, Vasudev N, Suhasini K. Socio-economic characteristics of rice farmers in combined states of Andhra Pradesh. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics and Sociology. 2016;13(1):1-9.

Nwalieji HU, Madukwe MC, Agwu AE, Umerah MI. Adoption of rice technologies introduced by the United State Agency for International Development in Anambra and Ebonyi States, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension. 2014;18(1):143-154.

Girei AA, Onuk GE. Profitability of rice production in Fufore local government area of Adamawa State, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016;2:53-63.

Ayanwale BA, Amusan AC. Gender analysis of rice production in Osun State: Implication for the transformation agenda. Nigerian journal of Agricultural Economics (NJAE). 2014;4(1):12-24.

Afolami CA, Obayelu AE, Agbonlahor MU, Lawal - Adebowale OA. Socio - economic analysis of rice farmers and effects of group formation on rice production in Ekiti and Ogun states, South-West, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Science. 2012;4(4): 233-244.

Umeh JC, Ataborh EM. Efficiency of rice farmers in Nigeria: Potentials for food security and poverty alleviation. Proceedings of 16th International Farm Management Congress, Cork. 2007;613-625.

Rosa PC, Valerien OP, Justin M, Orlee V, Matty D. Rice grain quality and consumer preferences: A case study of two rural towns in the Philippines. Public Library of Science Journal. 2016;(11)3.
PMC4794204 PMD26982587.

Jintana K, Srikantha H. Impact assessment of climate change on rice production in Khon Kaen province Thailand. Journal of International Society for Southeast Asian Agricultural Science. 2011;17(2):14-28.

Mkenda KB, Campenhout VB. Estimating transaction costs in Tanzania supply chains. Working Paper, International Food Policy Research Institute, Kampala, IGC, F-4004-TZA-1; 2011.