Main Article Content
Aims: Farmers of Bangladesh use a less amount of urea fertilizer compared to the nutrient requirement and soil fertility status. Hence, a significant gap between actual and recommended doses of fertilizers used by farmers have been reported in many instances. Therefore, this study assessed farmers’ performance towards fertilizer application, and explored the contribution of selected characteristics on that performance.
Study Design: This study employed a cross-sectional survey method using a correlational and descriptive research design.
Place and Duration of the Study: The study was conducted in twenty-one villages of Gaibandha district in Bangladesh during 17 July, 2017 to 20 September, 2017.
Methodology: A total of 355 farmers were selected as sample using multistage random sampling. Data, collected using structured questionnaire, were subjected to descriptive analysis, Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression for describing the level of selected variables, their relationships and their contributions on farmers’ performance, respectively.
Results: Most (45.9%) of the farmers had high level of performance regarding fertilizer application. Farmers’ age, household size, educational level, farm size, training received, extension media contact, knowledge and attitudes of farmers had positive and significant relationship with their fertilizer application performance. Regression model explained 45.3% of variance of farmers’ performance where age, household size, farm size, training received, extension media contact, knowledge and attitudes of farmers were found significant predictors of farmers’ fertilizer application performance. Knowledge was found to be the most contributing factor followed by age and training received.
Conclusion: The study concludes with recommendations that are expected to improving fertilizers application scenario of Bangladesh.
Shelley IJ, Takahashi-Nosaka M, Kano-Nakat M, Haque MS, Inukai Y. Rice cultivation in Bangladesh: Present scenario, problems, and prospects. J Intl Cooper Agric Dev. 2016;14:20–29.
BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). Statistical Year Book of Bangladesh. Ministry of planning, government of the people’s republic of Bangladesh. 2012; 33–36.
Masum MF, Islam MM, Jannat A, Dhar AR. Economics of boro rice production in Rangpur district of Bangladesh: Comparative assessment of urea super granule and traditional urea application. Agricultural Research & Technology: Open Access Journal (ARTOAJ). 2018;18(3).
BER (Bangladesh Economic Review). Ministry of finance, government of the peoples’ republic of Bangladesh; 2013.
Pandey S, Byerlee D, Dawe D, Dobermann A, Mohanty S, Rozelle S, Hardy B. Rice in the global economy: Strategic research and policy issues for food security. Los Baños (Philippines): International Rice Research Institute. 2010;477.
Jahiruddin M, Satter MA. Agricultural research priority: Vision-2030 and beyond. Final Report. Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Farm Gate, Dhaka; 2010.
Jahiruddin M, Islam MR, Miah MAM. Constraints of farmers’ access to fertilizer for food production. Final Report CF # 3/08, this study was carried out with the support of the National Food Policy Capacity strengthening Programme; 2010.
Shah AL, Rahman MS, Aziz MA. Outlook for fertilizer consumption and food production in Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Agric. and Environ. 2008;4:9-26.
Roland JB, Timsina J. Implementing field-specific nutrient management in rice-based cropping systems, Bangladesh J. Agric. and Environ. 2008;4:39-49.
Amegnaglo C. Determinants of maize farmers' performance in Benin, West Africa, Kasetsart. Journal of Social Sciences. 2018;XXX:1-7.
Rahman KMA, Zhang D. Effects of fertilizer broadcasting on the excessive use of organic fertilizers and environmental sustainability. 2018;10:759.
Tilman D, Reich PB, Knops J, Wedin D, Mielke T, Lehman C. Diversity and productivity in a long-term grassland experiment. Science. 2001;294:843–845. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Sunny F, Huang Z, Karimanzira T. Investigating key factors influencing farming decisions based on Soil Testing and Fertilizer Recommendation Facilities (STFRF)—A Case Study on Rural Bangladesh. Sustainabilit. 2018;10(11): 4331.
Woldegebrial Z, Huylenbroeck CV, Tesfay G, Speelman S. Smallholder farmers' behavioral intentions towards sustainable agricultural practices. Journal of Environ-mental Management. 2017;187:71-81.
Sadati SA, Hosain SF, Ali A, Sadati SA. Farmer’s attitude on sustainable agriculture and its determinants: A case study in Behbahan County of Iran. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineer and Technology. 2010;2(5):422-427.
Sinha RK. Embanking on the second green revolution for sustainable agriculture in India: A judicious mix of traditional wisdom and modern knowledge in ecological farming. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics. 1998;10:183– 197.
Dawoe EK, Quashie-Sam J, Isaac ME, Oppong SK. Exploring farmers’ local knowledge and perceptions of soil fertility and management in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Geoderma. 2012;179-180:96-103.
Hothongcum K, Suwunnamek O, Suwanmaneepong S. Assessment of farmers’ knowledge and attitudes towards commercialization of tailor-made fertilizer in Thailand. Asian Journal of Scientific Research. 2014;7:354-365.
Jia X, Huang J, Xiang C, Hou L, Zhang F, Chen X, Cui Z, Holger B. Farmers’ adoption of improved nitrogen management strategies in maize production in China: Experimental knowledge training. J. Intergr. Agric. 2013; 12:364-373.
Niemeijer D, Mazzucato V. Moving beyond indigenous soil taxonomies: Local theories of soils for sustainable development. Geoderma. 2003;111:403–424.
Oluwatusin F, Shittu G. Effect of Socio-economic characteristics on the farm productivity performance of yam farmers in Nigeria. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences. 2014;4 (6):31-37.
Mugonola B, Deckers J, Poesen J, Isabirye M, Mathijs E. Adoption of soil and water conservation technologies in the rwizi catchment of South Western Uganda. Int. J. Agri. Sus. 2013;11(3):264- 281.
Wei W, Chu SH. Empirical study on the correlation among personality traits, work attitudes, service quality, job Performances and customers’ satisfaction – A Financial Holding Company in Taiwan. Int. J. Lisrel. 2008;1(2):1-24.
Wilson P. Decomposing variation in dairy profitability: The impact of output, inputs, prices, labor and management. The Journal of Agricultural Science. 2011;149: 507- 517.
Bwambale N. Farmers’ knowledge, perceptions, and socioeconomic factors influencing decision making for integrated soil fertility management practices in Masaka and Rakai Districts, Central Uganda. Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 15231; 2015.
Sanyang D. Personality traits and work performance for paddy farmers in Central River region, the Gambia. Thesis for Master of Science, the School of Graduate Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia; 2017.
Hassan S. Personality traits for the majority of paddy farmers, in Mada, Kedah, Malaysia Faculty of Agriculture. 2015;2(1):146–151.
Nkari DIM, Kibera PFN. The influence of farmer characteristics on performance of commercial farmers in Kiambu County, Kenya. European Journal of Business and Social Sciences. 2016;5(03):63– 78.
Maiangwa MG, Ogungbile AO, Olukosi JO, Atala TK. Adoption of chemical fertilizer for land management in the North-West Zone of Nigeria. Tropical Agricultural Research & Extension. 2007;10:33-46.
Krejcie RV, Morgan DW. Determining sample size for research activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement. 1970;30:607-610.
Devellis RF. Scale development: Theory and applications. Los Angeles: Sage, USA. 2012;109–110.
Hasan SS, Ghosh MK, Arefin MS, Sultana S. Farmers’ attitude towards using Agro-Chemicals in rice production: A case in Laxmipur District of Bangladesh. The Agriculturists. 2015;13(2):105-112.
Shah SBSK. Relationship between personality traits and work performance among potential paddy farmers in Malaysian Granary Areas. Master of Science Thesis, Department of Agriculture Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia; 2016.
Kabir MH. Factors influencing adoption of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) By vegetable farmers of Narsingdi District, Bangladesh. PhD Thesis, Department of Geography, the School of Humanities, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM); 2015.
Julius A, Chukwumah AF. Socio-economic determinants of small-scale rice farmers’ output in Abuja, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Rural Development. 2014;4:16-24.
Geta E, Bogale A, Kassa B, Elias E. Determinants of farmers’ decision on soil fertility management options for maize production in Southern Ethiopia. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture. 2013; 3(1):226-239.
Mahbobeh T, Farahani A, Baharvand M. Relationship between knowledge manage-ment with employees’ performance and innovation. Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review. 2014;3(11).
Mugwe J, Mugendi D, Mucheru-Muna M, Merckx R, Chianu J, Vanlauwe B. Determinants of the decision to adopt integrated soil fertility management practices by smallholder farmers in the central highlands of Kenya. Experimental Agriculture. 2009;45(01):61-75.
Bremmer J, Alfons GJM, Lansink O, Olson KD, Baltussen HM, Huirne RBM. Analysis of farm development in Dutch agriculture and horticulture. Paper Prepared for Presentation at the 13th International Management Congress, Wageningen, The Netherlands; 2002.
Kang Y, Kim S, Chang G. The Impact of knowledge sharing on work performance: An empirical analysis of the public employees' perceptions in South Korea. International Journal of Public Administration. 2008;31(14):1548-1568.
Bekele AZ, Shigutu AD, Tensay AT. The effect of employees’ perception of performance appraisal on their work outcomes. International Journal of Management and Commerce Innovations. 2014;2(1):136-173.
Jothilakshmi M, Krishnaraj R, Sudeepkumar NK. Empowering the members of women Shgs in livestock farming through need-based trainings. Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development. 2009;19(2):17–30.
Farouque MG, Takeya H. Farmers’ perception of integrated soil fertility and nutrient management for sustainable crop production: A study of rural areas in Bangladesh. Journal of Agricultural Education. 2007;48(3):111-122.
Jackline BW, Mogoka H, Semalulu O, Kirinya J, Mugonola B. Adoption of integrated soil fertility management by groundnut farmers in Eastern Uganda. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics. 2016;8(4):86-94.
Barbieri C, Mshenga PM. The role of the firm and owner characteristics on the performance of agro-tourism farms. European Society for Rural Sociology, 2008;48(2):0038–0199.
[Retrieved 27, August 2015]
Debashis SD, Hoque MJ, Miah MAM. Problems faced by the participant farmers in the training process: A case of climate risk management training in agriculture. IJSS. 2017;6(2):143-151.