Economics of Plantain Production in Calabar Agricultural Zone, Cross River State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

P. C. Uke
D. C. Ochiaka
M. N. Mgbakor


This project work dealt with the Economics of Plantain Production in Calabar Agricultural zone, Cross River State. The specific objectives of the research were to examine the socio economic characteristics of plantain farmers, identify the different farming practices in the area, analyze cost and returns relationship of plantain farming, and problems militating against plantain production in the zone. A multistage random sampling technique and purposive sampling technique were used to administer structured questionnaire to 90 respondents. Data collected were analyzed using frequency, percentage and mean, while budgetary analysis was used to determine the profitability of plantain farming. The results showed that majority (94.4%) of the respondents were male with the age bracket of 51-60 years with mean of 56 years. The finding also shows that 44.44% of the respondents have 6-10 years of farming experience with a mean of 9 years. The result further shows that many of the respondents do not have good qualification, rather majority have primary education representing 61.11%. Most of the farmers’ savings were personal savings as only source of capital. Most of the farmers have <360 plantain produce annually. The results of the budgetary analysis showed that the calculated gross margin is N191,400 and benefit cost ratio of 1.7, so plantain production is profitable. The result also shows that net profit is estimated at N123,415 and a gross ratio of 0.7. The major problems confronting the farmers in the zone is land tenure, lack of inputs and poor storage facilities. To improve p-lantain production in the study area, it is recommended that government should establish various research centres, provision of farm inputs, provision of low or no interest rates loans for the procurement of required inputs.

Plantain, production, distribution and adaptation, agricultural zone.

Article Details

How to Cite
Uke, P. C., Ochiaka, D. C., & Mgbakor, M. N. (2019). Economics of Plantain Production in Calabar Agricultural Zone, Cross River State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 34(3), 1-6.
Original Research Article


Swennen R. Plantain cultivation under West Africa Conditions: A reference manual. IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria. 1990;24.

Ogazi PO. Plantain: Production, processing and Utilization. Paman and Associates Limited, Aku-Okigwe, Imo State, Nigeria. 1996;305.

FAO Agrostat Database. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, production year boo. FAO, Rome; 2004.

Food and Agriculture Organisation FAO STAT. FAO Statistics Division 2006. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations. Production Yearbook, FAO Rome; 2006.

Food and Agriculture FAO STAT. Plantain production Quantity in Nigeria 1961-2009. Food and Agriculture organisation of the United Nations. FAO Rome. International Institute of tropical Agriculture (2014). A conference manual on Plantain Cultivation in West Africa; 2011.

Akinyemi SOS, Aiyelaagbe IOO, Akyeampong E. Plantain (Musa spp.) Cultivation in Nigeria: A Review of its production, Marketing and Research in the LAST Two decades. Proc. IC on Banana & plantain in Africa Eds: Dubois T, et al. Acta Hort. 879, ISHS 2010; 2008.

Aina OS, Ajijola S, Bappah MT, Ibrahim I, Musa IA. Economic analysis of plantain production in odigbo local government area of Ondo State, Nigeria. Global Advanced Research Journal of Agricultural Science. 2012;1(5):104-109.

Fakayode BS, Rahji MAY, Ayinde ON. An economic assessment of plantain production in Rivers State, Nigeria. Inter-national Journal of Agricultural Economics & Rural Development. 2011;4(2): 198.

Ekunwe PA, Ajayi HI. Economics of plantain production in Edo State Nigeria. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences. 2010;6(6):902-905.

Echezona BC, Baiyeri KP, Aindigh FD. Yield and economics of plantain production under six weed management systems; 2011.

Adeniji TA, Hart AD, Tenkouano A, Barimalaa IS, Sanni LO. Comparative study of pasting properties of improved plantain, banana and cassava varieties with emphasis on industrial application. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development. 2010;10(5).

Chauvin ND, Mulangu F, Porto G. Food production and consumption trends in sub-Saharan Africa: Prospects for the transformation of the agricultural sector. UNDP Regional Bureau for Africa: New York, NY, USA; 2012.

Gréau JL. Le capitalisme malade de sa finance: Des années d'expansion aux années de stagnation. Editions Gallimard; 2013.

Ojediran EO, Adewumi MO, Falola A, Ibrahim HK, Belewu KY, Oyedeji OA. Analysis of the determinants of plantain supply by small holder farmers in Osun state, Nigeria. Agrosearch. 2018;18(1):15-24.

Godfray HCJ, Beddington JR, Crute IR, Haddad L, Lawrence D, Muir JF, Toulmin C. Food security: The challenge of feeding 9 billion people. Science. 2010;327(5967): 812-818.

Shodehinde SA, Oboh G. Antioxidant properties of aqueous extracts of unripe Musa paradisiaca on sodium nitroprusside induced lipid peroxidation in rat pancreas in vitro. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. 2013;3(6):449-457.