Perceived Constraints of Return Migrated Rural Youths in Agripreneurship Development

Main Article Content

J. Parameswaranaik
Sujeet Kumar Jha
H. R. Meena
H. A. Manu


‘Return Migration’ is defined as the “voluntary movement of migrants back to their place of origin”. It is the logical consequences of the successful achievement of all migration-related goals and targets.  Return migration has been becoming a very common phenomenon in rural areas; and it may be due to factors like insecurity feeling in urban areas and lack of freedom in working place, opportunities created under schemes like MGNAREGA in rural areas and other family-related issues. When youths returned to their place of origin (Rural areas) they may not have much alternative to taking up as an occupation other than agriculture and allied activities for their livelihood, in this process the return migrated rural youths had faced and/or perceived many constraints in agripreneurship development. In present study 180 return migrated rural youths of southern India were purposively selected, constraints were operationalized as all the factors, such as social, psychological, economic, technical, marketing and infrastructural which obstruct the youths to take up agriprenuership. For measuring constraints, “Garrett’s Ranking Technique” was used. The salient findings were low social recognition in the agriculture business (62.21), Lack of technical guidance in scientific cultivation (61.50), Lack of proper market intelligence (65.79) and Lack of awareness of different funding schemes and their procedures (59.91), etc. were the major constraints perceived by the return migrated rural youths in the study area. Hence promotion and recognition of rural youths in agriculture and allied activities would apparently motivate the youths more dynamically, in agripreneurship development. 

Agripreneurship, constraints, garret ranking, return migration, youths

Article Details

How to Cite
Parameswaranaik, J., Jha, S., Meena, H. R., & Manu, H. (2019). Perceived Constraints of Return Migrated Rural Youths in Agripreneurship Development. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 36(2), 1-6.
Original Research Article


Parameswaranaik J, Sujeet Kumar Jha. Return Migration of Rural Youth: A New Trend in Rural India. Journal OF Global Communication. 2018;11(2):124-127.

Smoliner S, Forschner M, Nova J. Re-Turn. Comparative Report on Re-Migration Trends in Central Europe; 2012.

Cassarino J. Theorizing Return Migration – The conceptual Approach to return migration revisited. International Journal of Multicultural Societies. 2004; 6(2): 253-257.

Waldorf B. Determination of International Return migration intentions. The Professional Geographer. 1995;47(2):125-136.

Rajan S Irudaya. Internal Migration and Youth in India: Main Features, Trends and Emerging Challenges, Discussion paper, Commissioned by UNESCO, Centre for Development Studies (CDS), Kerala, India; 2013.

Garrett E, Woodworth RS. Statistics in psychology and education. Bombay: VakilsFeffer and Simons Private Limited. 1969;329.

Ramasubramanian M. Developing strategies for sustainable dry farming. Ph.D. Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore; 2003.

Anamica M. Migration of Rural Youth- An Analysis, PhD, Thesis (unpub). Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimabatore; 2013.

Nag Arindam. Crop farming and Dairying as an occupation among rural youth in Eastern India: An exploratory study. PhD Thesis (unpub.). ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal; 2015.

Adekunle OA, Adefalu LL, Oladipo FO, Adisa RS, Fatoye AD. Constraints to Youths Involvement in Agricultural Production in Kwara State, Nigeria. Journal of agricultural extension. 2009;13(1).