Experts’ Points of View on Developing Local Organic Bazaars in Turkey

Main Article Content

Ismet Boz
Ali Kemal Ayan
Yener Ataseven
Cevahir Kaynakçı


Aims: This study, in general, determined experts’ point of views on developing local organic bazaars in Turkey. Participants were 103 experts engaged with organic bazaars in different provinces of Turkey. The specific objectives were to identify a general profile of the expers engaged in organic bazaars in Turley, to determine respondents’ opinions about the current status of organic bazaars, and to develop recommendations for the development of organic bazaars in the future.

Place and Duration of Study: Questionnaires were completed in three different workshops held in İstanbul, İzmir, and Samsun provinces in 2018. Data analysis and writing the manuscript carried out at Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Economics, Samsun Turkey.

Methodology: Experts of organic bazaars from producers, sellers, controllers, ministry employees, or municipality representatives served as respondents. This study used descriptive statistics to analyze quantitative data and thematic analysis for qualitative responses.

Results: Respondents stressed that local organic bazaars in Turkey will be very effective in producing and consuming of organic commodities. As the bazaars are distribured across the country, more farmers will be engaged in organic production while more consumers will have access to organic products at reasonable prices. However, deficiencies particularly in management and legal regulation of local organic bazaars were also noted. Main measures to be taken to establish and improve organic bazaars included increasing trust and transparency, establishing sample organic bazaars in all provinces, focusing both on domestic and international markets, overcoming bureaucratic barriers, implementing a favorable price policy, examining successful organic bazaars, and publicizing organic commodities.

Conclusion: In order to overcome the obstacles and develop local organic bazaars in Turkey, cooperation among the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Ministry of Trade, and local municipalities is necessary. In addition, NGOs at local levels should take initiative to support organic bazaars. Municipalities should provide adequate places accessible for consumers, producers, and processors. Moreover, social spaces should be established in organic markets where consumers, families and children can spend good time.

Organic products, organic markets, organic agriculture, marketing of organic products.

Article Details

How to Cite
Boz, I., Kemal Ayan, A., Ataseven, Y., & Kaynakçı, C. (2019). Experts’ Points of View on Developing Local Organic Bazaars in Turkey. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 37(2), 1-9.
Original Research Article


Ayan AK, Boz I, Kaynakci C, Aytac S. Suppliers of organic food: Evidence from Sisli and Kartal Ecological Bazaars of Istanbul. International Journal of Scientific Research and Management. 2017a;5(6): 5553-5559.

Ayan AK, Boz İ, Kaynakci C, Aytac S. Consumers’ perceptions of organic food items: A case study of Sisli and Kartal organic bazaars of Istanbul. International Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Research. 2017b;3(5):3635-43.

Lernoud J, Willer H. The organic and fairtrade market 2015. The World of Organic Agriculture 2017. FiBL and IFOAM-Organics International. 2017;143-148.

Sirieix L, de Abreu LS, Watanabe MA, Kledal PR. Comparing organic urban consumers in developing and developed countries: First results in Brazil and France. In Embrapa Meio Ambiente-Artigo em anais de congresso (ALICE). In: AIEA2 International Conference, 6. Londrina. Knowledge, sustainability and bio-resources in the further development of agri-food system. Londrina: UEL. 2007;10.

Allen P, Kovach M. The capitalist composition of organic: The potential of markets in fulfilling the promise of organic agriculture. Agriculture and Human Values. 2000;17(3):221-232.

Aksoy U, Boz İ, Eynalov H, Guliyev Y. Organic Agriculture in Azerbaijan, Current Status and Potential for Future Developments. Food and Agriculture Organization United Nations, Baku; 2018.

Buğday Ekolojik Yaşamı Destekleme Derneği (BEYDD). 100% ekolojik Pazar; 2017. Turkish.
[Accessed 12 May 2017]

Eryilmaz GA, Kilic O, Boz I. Türkiye’de organik tarım ve iyi tarım uygulamalarının ekonomik, sosyal ve çevresel sürdürülebilirlik açısından değerlendirilmesi. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi. 2019;29(2):352-361. Turkish.

Batte MT, Hooker NH, Haab TC, Beaverson J. Putting their money where their mouths are: Consumer willingness to pay for multi-ingredient, processed organic food products. Food Policy. 2007;32(2): 145-159.

Van Doorn J, Verhoef PC. Willingness to pay for organic products: Differences between virtue and vice foods. International Journal of Research in Marketing. 2011;28(3):167-180.

Loureiro ML, Hine S. Discovering niche markets: A comparison of consumer willingness to pay for local (Colorado grown), organic, and GMO-free products. Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 2002;34(3):477-487.

Ağır HB, Poyraz N, Yılmaz Hİ, Boz İ. Tüketicilerin organik ürün algısı: Kayseri İli Örneği. XI. Ulusal Tarım Ekonomisi Kongresi 3-5 Eylül Samsun. 2014;1434-1439. Turkish.

Chakrabarti S. Factors influencing organic food purchase in India–expert survey insights. British Food Journal. 2010; 8(112):902-915.

Padel S, Midmore P The development of the European market for organic products: insights from a Delphi study. British Food Journal. 2005;8(107):626-646.

Sovacool BK, D'Agostino AL, Meenawat H, Rawlani A. Expert views of climate change adaptation in least developed Asia. Journal of Environmental Management. 2012; 97:78-88.

Boz İ, Rasulov A. The effects of local bazaars on marketing of organic products: The cases of Turkey and Uzbekistan. Development of Organic Agriculture in Central Asia. 2017;22-24.

Boz I, Kaynakçı C. Possibilities of Improving organic farming in Turkey. Proceedings Book, 3th International Conference on Food and Agricultural Economics 25-26th April, Alanya, Turkey. 2019;18-27.

Kilic O, Eryilmaz GA. Factors affecting consumers’ awareness of food safety. Agro Food Industry Hi Tech. 2015; 26(3):43-46.

Pourjafar M, Amini M, Varzaneh EH, Mahdavinejad M. Role of bazaars as a unifying factor in traditional cities of Iran: The Isfahan bazaar. Frontiers of Architectural Research, 2014;3(1):10-19.

Lowitt K. Exploring Connections Between People, Places and Food in Three Nova Scotia Farmers’ Markets. Cuizine: The Journal of Canadian Food Cultures/Cuizine: Revue des cultures culinaires au Canada. 2009;2(1):0-0.

Ustaahmetoğlu E, Toklu İT. Organik gida satin alma niyetinde tutum, sağlik bilinci ve gida güvenliğinin etkisi üzerine bir araştirma. International Journal of Economic & Social Research. 2015;11(1): 197-211.

Demiryürek K. Organik tarım kavramı ve organik tarımın dünya ve Türkiye’deki durumu. GOÜ, Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2011;28(1):27-36.Turkish.

Eryilmaz GA, Kilic O. Türkiye’nin organik fındık üretimi ve ihracatındaki gelişmeler. Fırat Üniversitesi İİBF Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi. 2019;3(1):41-54. Turkish.