Evaluation of Extension Training Program on Small-Scale Poultry and Rabbit Production Projects at Alexandria Governorate, Egypt

Main Article Content

Ola M. S. Elkashef

Abstract

Aims: This study was undertaken to measure the efficacy of an extension training program associated with small-scale poultry and rabbit production projects in Alexandria Governorate, Egypt.

Study Design: The study was applied using two levels of the Donald L Kirkpatrick model through Action Research approach. The presented content of training program to trainees included important knowledge and skills of three topics which are broilers, ducks and rabbits to success small-scale production projects.

Place and Duration of Study: 52 trainees were considered as a purposive sample, who attended all sessions of the extension training program in the agricultural administration at Khurshid, Alexandria Governorate, during April 2018.

Methodology: A structured questionnaire was designed to collect data from participants before and after implementation of the training program to measure approval level of trainees toward the training program elements and their knowledge and skills level.

Results: The results revealed that majority (61.53%) of trainees had medium level of acceptance towards the extension training program components. Consequently, there was a significant improvement in the knowledge and skills levels of trainees after executing the extension program concerning broilers, ducks and rabbits production for promoting small- scale production projects. Findings also showed that deficiency of knowledge and experience related to poultry production, insufficient extension training programs, unavailability of proper site for establishing the project and getting its licenses, non-provision of capital and lack of veterinary services, in that order, were the most severe constraints of trainees affecting poultry production projects.

Conclusion: This training program succeeded by increasing and improving the knowledge and skills of participants regarding poultry and rabbits production, which reflect on encouraging them to establish such income-raising projects.

Keywords:
Evaluation, small- scale projects, poultry and rabbit production, extension program.

Article Details

How to Cite
Elkashef, O. M. S. (2019). Evaluation of Extension Training Program on Small-Scale Poultry and Rabbit Production Projects at Alexandria Governorate, Egypt. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 37(4), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2019/v37i430272
Section
Original Research Article

References

OECD Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. Promoting entrepreneurship and innovative SMEs in a global economy: Towards a more responsible and inclusive globalization. 2nd OECD Conference of Ministers Responsible for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs). Istanbul, Turkey. 3-5 June; 2004.

United Nations Organization. Report of the United Nations Organization of human development. Word Bank Indicators Section; 2013.
Available:https://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/htm

Akhtar SM, Younas A, Iqbal MZ. Alam management profile and contribution of livestock in poverty alleviation and nutritional improvement in peri-urban areas of Faisalabad. Pak J Agri Sci. 2008;45(2):381-385.

Malik HEE, Elamin KM, Elagib HAA. The role of rural women in improving households nutritional status and food security through traditional production system in Sudan. World's Vet J. 2012;2(4):43-48.

Shatokhin Y, El Gammal M, Prikhodko D. Broiler poultry industry: Investment challenges and opportunities. Arab Republic of Egypt. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy; 2017.

Hashmi AH, Maann AA, Asghar K, Riaz M. Gender roles in livestock management and their implication for poverty reduction in rural Toba Tek Singh, Punjab–Pakistan. Pak J Agri Sci. 2007;44(4):674-678.

Kirkpatrick DL. Evaluation of training, Craig, R.D. (ED), the ASTD Training and Development Handbook: A Guide for Human Resource Development. 4th Ed., McGraw-Hill Co., inc., N.Y; 1996.

Koshy V. Action research for improving educational practice. A step-by-step guide. Sage. London. Second Edition. ISBN 0 978 1 84860. Management in Education. 2010;24(2).

Uzonna UR, Qijie G. Effect of extension programs on adoption of improved farm practices by farmers in Adana, Southern, Turkey. J Bio Agri Healthcare. 2013;3(15):17-24.

Oduwole O, Ndagi I, Taiwo O, Muhammed I, Rahman S. Socio-economic factors affecting use of information sources among cashew farmers in Niger State, Nigeria. J Agri Environ Sci. 2013;13(6):769-773.

Amer MEl. Youth perceptions of addressing unemployment and the role of social service in directing (in Arabic). J Stud Soc Serv Hum. 2006;21(4):1667-1710. Helwan.

Talamante C, Careaga GY, Parada L. Es la cooperación para las mujeres? En Alatorre J, Careaga G, Jusidman C, Salles V, Talamante C, Townsend J (Coords.), Las mujeres en la pobreza. México: El colegio de México. Grupo interdisciplinario sobre mujer. Trabajo y Pobreza. 1994;325-343.

Ogunwale AB, Ayoade AR, Ayansina SO. Impact of extension service on farmers’ production activities in Ogbomoso Agricultural Zone of Oyo State, Nigeria. J Agri Ext. 2006;9:150–158.

Brent AG, Jay TA, Linda DW. Sources of information for commercial farms: Usefulness of media and personal sources. J Int Food Agri. 2000;3(2):245–260.

Moussa HMY. Evaluative study of the training programs held at the Center for Training and Community Service, King Saud University from the Perspective of Trainees (in Arabic). Department of Foundations of Education, Faculty of Education, Benha University; 2016.

Fathy SH, Hussein MK, El-Tonoby MO, Moustafa AT. An evaluative study of voluntary continuing educational activities: Department of Agricultural Extension Education, Alexandria University (in Arabic). Alex J Agri Res. 2015;60(2):223-242.

Popat MN, Bhatt MR, Patel AC. Constraints felt by subject matter specialists in job performance. Indian J Ext Educ. 2002;3&4:203-206.

Zahran YA, Kasem HSM, Salem RHM. Suggested framework for evaluation agricultural training in Egypt (in Arabic). J Agri Econ Soc Sci. 2017;8(1):1–10.

El-Kashef OM. A study on the information acquisition process of backyard chicken production practices amongst rural women in Yucatan, Mexico. Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science: University Yucatán (UADY), Mérida, México; 2015.

Kumar RB, Baskaran D, Saraswathi S, Kumar ATC. Impact of training program in adoption of cattle feed computation by farmer interest groups (figs) of Tamilnadu, Tamilnadu. J Vet. Med Anim Sci. 2013;9(4):264–271.

Al-Ameri SM, Al-Ghalibi TM. Management and Business (in Arabic). Jordan; Wael Publishing. 2014;175.

Al-Mashharawi AH, Al-Ramlawi WA. The most important problems and obstacles facing the financing of small projects funded by foreign organizations operating in the Gaza Strip from the perspective of employees (in Arabic). J Al-Aqsa Univ. 2015;9(2):144-146.

El-Kashef OM, Franco LS, Torres-Acosta JFJ, Souza LF. Understanding the information acquisition sources of backyard chicken production practices amongst Rural Mayan Women in Yucatán, México (in Spanish). Agri Soc Dev. 2017;14(2):219-237.

Nagaraju D, Sankhala G. Constraints among Koyas in adoption of improved dairy farming practices. The Andhra Agri J. 2003;50(3&4):337-341.‎‎

Shah FH. Impact study on training programs of Extension Education Institute Nilokheri. Ms.c. Thesis, Department of Extension Education. Faculty of Agriculture: Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University; 2005.