Economics of Rice Production among Beneficiaries of Anchor Borrowers Programme in Gerie Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

A. Bitrus
H. Yakubu
T. Patrick
S. F. Stephen


This study examined the economics of rice production among beneficiaries of the anchor borrowers programme (ABP) in Gerie LGA of Adamawa State, Nigeria. Multistage random sampling was employed to select respondents for the study. Structured questionnaires were the instruments used for data collection. A sample of 85 farmers was used for the study. Percentages, means, frequency, maximum, minimum, budgetary techniques and stochastic frontier production function were the analytical tools employed. The results of the socioeconomic characteristics of the respondents revealed that the majority (76%) of the farmers was headed by males; most (72.8%) were within the age range of 30 – 49 years and majority (90%) were married. Results from the budgetary techniques showed that the gross margin per hectare was ₦75,087.4 indicating production of rice among the farmers is profitable since the gross margin estimated has a positive value. The result also showed that mean economic efficiency (EE) recorded was 0.67 (67%), with maximum of 0.94 (94%) and a minimum EE of 0.34 (34%) indicating that the respondents are not fully economically efficient in rice production in the study area. The major constraints faced by rice farmers in the study area were identified among others to be inadequate credit, limited farm size and high cost of transportation. Finally, it was recommended among others that policies geared towards investment in credit, land tenue and means of transportation towards achieving effective production should be formulated.

Production, ABP, budgetary techniques, stochastic frontier production function, Gerie LGA Adamawa State, rice farmers.

Article Details

How to Cite
Bitrus, A., Yakubu, H., Patrick, T., & Stephen, S. F. (2021). Economics of Rice Production among Beneficiaries of Anchor Borrowers Programme in Gerie Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 39(1), 82-95.
Original Research Article


Samarendu, M. Trends in global rice consumption. Rice Today. International Rice Research Institute. 2013;12(1).

FAO. FAO website; 2018.

United State Development Agency (USDA). Rough Rice Production in Major Producing Countries in Each Continent of the World; 2009. PSD online june 10th 2009.

Omotesho AO, Muhammad-Lawal A,Yusuf YK. Economics of small scale rice production in Patigi andEdu Local Government Areas of Kwara State, Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research 2010;5(4):87-97

United States Department of Agriculture;2018

Central Bank of Nigeria. Annual Report and Statement of Accounts. Abuja, Nigeria: CBN Publication; 2003.

Bamidele FS, Aboyomi OO, Esther A. Economic analysis of rice consumption pattern in Nigeria.Journal of Agric. Science Tech. 2010;12:1-11.

FMARD. Agricultural Transformation Agenda: We Will Grow Nigeria’s Agricultural Sector (Draft). Abuja: FMARD; v2011.

Apata, TG, Folayan A, Apata OM, Akinlua, J. The economic role of Nigeria’s subsistence agriculture in the transition process: Implications for rural development. A paper presented at the 85th Annual Conference of the Agricultural Economics Society, Warwick University.
;18 – 20.

Chioma A. Appraising Central Bank of Nigeria Anchor Borrowers’ Programme; 2016.
Available: Central-Bank- of- Nigeria-Anchor Borrowers-Programme

Adebayo EF, Onu JI. Economics of rice production in Yola North and Yola South Local Government Areas of Adamawa State. Nigerian J. Trop. Agric. 1999;1:15–20.

Shehu JF, Mshelia SI, Tashkalma AK, Gabdo BH. Economics of small-scale rain-fed upland rice production in Adamawa State. African Journal of Agricultural Research and Development. 2009;2(1):28-33.

Bitrus A, Sulumbe IM, Ibrahim A, Yakubu H. Analysis of scale-efficiency of rice production among beneficiaries of anchor borrowers programme in Adamawa State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology. 2020;38(11):189-198.

National Population Commission, National population commission. Population census of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Census Report. National Population Commission, Abuja; 2006.

Saka MG, Jatau DF, Olaniyi WA. Status of indigenous tree species in Girei Forest Reserve of Adamawa State. Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria; 2013. Department of Forest Resources Management, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. Jfewr Publications. FAO: FAOSTAT; 2002.

Adebayo AA. Climate I. (Sunshine, Temperature, Evaporation and Relative

Humidity).In: Adebayo AA, Tukur AL (Eds). Adamawa State in Maps Paraclete Publishers; 1999.

Medugu DW, Yakubu D. Estimation of mean monthly global solar radiation in Yola, Nigeria using angstrom model. Department of Pure and Applied Physics, Adamawa State University, Mubi Adamawa State; 2011.

Yamane T. Statitics, an introductory analysis, 2nd E.D; New York: Harper and Row; 1967.

Shaikh SA, Hongbing O, Khan K., Ahmed M. Determinants of rice productivity: An analysis of Jaffarabad District- Balochistan, Pakistan European Scientific Journal 2016;32(12):41-50.

Ogundele OO. Technology differential and resource efficiency in rice production in Kadunna State, Nigeria. Unpublished PhD Thesis Department of Agricultural Economics University of Ibadan Nigeria; 2003.

Coelli TJ, Prasada DS, Batesse GE. Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis.Kiuwa Academic Publishers, London; 1998.

Maurice DC. Optimal Production Plan and Resource allocation in food crop production in Adamawa State, Nigeria. Unpublished PhD Thesis. Modibbo Adama University of Technology Yola. 2012;21-28.

Adamu T, Bakari UM. Analysis of technical Efficiency of rain-fed farmers in Taraba State. Journal of Agriculture. 2015;2(4).

Okonkwo II, Okonye BC, Onuoha C, Asumugha GN, Nwaru JC. Econometric analysis of rice production: A case study of food security in Anambra State. Proceedings of the 47th Annual Conference of the Agricultural Society of Nigeria Ibadan;2013.

Odoemenem IU, Inakwa JA. Economic analysis of rice production in Cross River State, Nigeria. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics. 2011;3(9):469-474.

Maurice DC, Joseph M, Garba A. Analysis of technical inefficiency in food crop production system among small-scale farmers in some selected Local Government Areas of Adamawa State, Nigeria. ATBU, Journal of Science, Technical and Education (JOSTE). 2015;3(1):78-87.

Amaza PS, Bila Y, Iheanacho AC. Identification of factors that influence technical efficiency of food crop production in West Africa: Empirical Evidence from Borno State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics. 2006;107(2):139-147.

Jongur AAU, Maurice DC, Obidi CNC. Technical efficiency in maize production in Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria. Journal of Arid Agriculture3. 2010;19:41-45.

Oluwatayo IB, Sekumade AB, Adesoji S. Resource- use efficiency of maize farmers in rural Nigeria: Evidence from Ekiti State. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2008;4(1):91-99.

Shehu JF, Mshelia SI, Tashikalma AK. Analysis of technical efficiency of small-scale rain-fed upland rice farmers in North-West Agricultural Zone of Adamawa State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Social Science.2007;3(4): 133-136.

Musa BV. Resource use efficiency in rain-fed rice production in some selected villages of Mubi North Local Government of Adamawa State. MSc. Thesis Unpublished Yola. Modibbo Adama University of Technology Yola; 2014.

Mohammed AB, Jibril SA, Amiyini K. Economics analysis of rice production in Shellenge Local Government of Adamawa State. Savannah Journal of Agriculture. 2009;4(1):5-13.