Natural and Socio-economics Factors Affecting the Household Food Security in Rural Area of Paktia Province, Afghanistan

Main Article Content

Wali Khan Ahmadzai
Hussain Gul Aryobi

Abstract

This study aimed to explore the factors affecting food security in the rural area of Paktia province, Afghanistan. The study was based on household-level data collected from rural areas of all districts of the province. The data were collected from randomly selected 154 households. The respondents were both males and females. A face-to-face interview with a structured questionnaire was done with both male and female household heads. The study recorded 59.1% of households were food insecure, and on average, 48.1% of the household had poor food consumption, while, 38.3% had borderline and 13.6% had acceptable food consumption. Study also calculated food consumption scores and examined the correlation between different factors determining food security. The regression result showed lower-income, farm size, household size, flood, food price, and internal displacement factors determined the food insecurity.

Keywords:
Socio-economics factors, food-consumption score, food security, Paktia, Afghanistan

Article Details

How to Cite
Ahmadzai, W. K., & Aryobi, H. G. (2021). Natural and Socio-economics Factors Affecting the Household Food Security in Rural Area of Paktia Province, Afghanistan. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 39(2), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajaees/2021/v39i230521
Section
Original Research Article

References

FSIN. Global Report on Food Crises. 2017;13:97-10.
Available:http://www.fao.org/3/a-br323e pdf.
(Erişim tarihi:24.07.2014).

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United States. The State of Food Insecurity in the World. The Multiple Dimensions of Food Security. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations; 2013.

IPC, integrated food security phase classification. Food security and agriculture cluster; 2020
Available;http://www.ipcinfo.org/fileadmin/user_upload/ipcinfo/docs/IPC_Afghanistan_AcuteFoodInsec_2020AprilNov_report.pdf

Lobell DB, Burke MB, Tebaldi C, Mastrandrea MD, Falcon WP, Naylor RL. Prioritizing climate change adaptation needs for food security in 2030. Science. 2008;1;319(5863):607-10. CSO. National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (NRVA). Kabul, Afghanistan.
Available:http://catalog.ihsn.org/index.php/catalog/6557/study-description
(Erişim Tarihi: 24.07.2014), 2013.

CSO. National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment (NRVA). Kabul, Afghanistan; 2013. Available:http://catalog.ihsn.org/index.php/catalog/6557/study-description

(Erişim Tarihi: 24.07.2014),

Abuelhaj T. Methodological concerns in the measurement of undernourishment, dietary diversity and household food insecurity. December, Rome: FAO; 2007.

Guo B. Household assets and food security: Evidence from the survey of program dynamics. Journal of family and economic issues. 2011;32(1):98-110.

Rose, Donald, Craig Gundersen, and Victor Oliveira. Socio-economic determinants of food insecurity in the United States: Evidence from the SIPP and CSFII datasets. 1998;1488-2016- 124599.

Mango N, Zamasiya B, Makate C, Nyikahadzoi K, Siziba S. Factors influencing household food security among smallholder farmers in the Mudzi district of Zimbabwe. Development Southern Africa. 2014;31(4):625-40. Available:https://doi.org/10.1080/0376835X.2014.911694

Kennedy E, Peters P. Household food security and child nutrition: the interaction of income and gender of household head. World development. 1992;20(8):1077-85.

Owusu V, Abdulai A, Abdul-Rahman S. Non-farm work and food security among farm households in Northern Ghana. Food policy. 2011;36(2):108-18.

Bogale A. Vulnerability of smallholder rural households to food insecurity in Eastern Ethiopia. Food Security. 2012;4(4):581-91.

Kassie M, Ndiritu SW, Stage J. What determines gender inequality in household food security in Kenya? Application of exogenous switching treatment regression. World development. 2014;56:153-71.

NSIA, National Statistics and Information Administration. Yearbook of Afghanistan Population. Kabul, Afghanistan; 2018. Available:https://www.nsia.gov.af:8080/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Final-Population-13971.pdf

ALCS. Afghanistan Living Condition Surve y (ALCS), Central Statistics Organi zation Report. Kabul; 2016.

Available:https://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/afghanistan/44072/results-afghanistan-living-conditions-surveyalcs-2016-17-releaseden

(Erişim tarihi:24.07.2014).

SFSA. Seasonal Food Security Assessment (SFSA), European and Ministry of Agriculture project, Kabul, Afghanistan; 2016. Available:https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/en/operations/afghanistan/document/afghanistanseasonal-food-security-assessment-sfsa-2016-finalreport
(Erişim tarihi:24.07.2014).

De Muro P, Burchi F. Education for rural people: a neglected key to food security. Department of Economics-University Roma Tre; 2007.

Bashir MK, Schilizzi S, Pandit R. The determinants of rural household food security for landless households of the Punjab, Pakistan; 2012. Available:https://doi.org/10.22004/ag.econ.126035

Faye O, Baschieri A, Falkingham J, Muindi K. Hunger and food insecurity in Nairobi’s slums: an assessment using IRT models. Journal of Urban Health. 2011;88(2):235-55.

Garrett JL, Ruel MT. Are determinants of rural and urban food security and nutritional status different? Some insights from Mozambique. World development. 1999;27(11):1955-75. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(99)00091-1

Mutisya M, Ngware MW, Kabiru CW, Kandala NB. The effect of education on household food security in two informal urban settlements in Kenya: a longitudinal analysis. Food Security. 2016;8(4):743-56.

United Nation. Household Size and Composition Around the World;20017. AvailableL:file:///C:/Users/Ahmadzai/Downloads/household_size_and_composition_around_the_world_2017_data_booklet.pdf

Ahmadzai, Najeebullah. Assessing Farmers Risk Attitudes and Coping Strategies Among Apple Growers. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications (IJSRP). 2020;10 (7):604–14. Available:https://doi.org/10.29322/ijsrp.10.07.2020.p10364

Abu GA, Soom A. Analysis of factors affecting food security in rural and urban farming households of Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (IJFAEC). 2016;4(1128-2016-92107):55-68. Available:https://doi.org/10.22004/ag.econ.231375

Wossen T, Berger T, Haile MG, Troost C. Impacts of climate variability and food price volatility on household income and food security of farm households in East and West Africa. Agricultural systems. 2018; 163:7-15. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2017.02.006

SFSA. Seasonal Food Security Assessment (SFSA), European and Ministry of Agriculture project, Kabul, Afghanistan; 2014. Available:www.humanitarianresponse.info/files/assessments/SFSA14%20report%20revised.pdf
(Erişim Tarihi: 24.07.2014).

Icheria B. Household food insecurity and coping strategies among small scale farmers in Tharaka Central Division, Kenya. 2012;iv.