Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics &amp; Sociology (ISSN:&nbsp;2320-7027)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJAEES/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Agricultural Extension, Economics &amp; Sociology research’. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> en-US (Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociolo) (Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociolo) Wed, 08 Apr 2020 09:09:43 +0000 OJS 60 The Role of Local Communities of Southern Ethiopia in Curbing Irregular Migration <p>Ethiopia has been an origin, destination and transit country numerous types of migration particularly for irregular migration. This study mainly aimed to assess the impact of integrated regional efforts to deter irregular migration in the selected zones of South Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region, Ethiopia. These zones include Wolaita, Hadiya, Kambata-Tambaro, Gurage and Siltie. The study employed purely qualitative approach through the course of stages of the evaluation process raging from data collection, analysis, discussion and interpretations. The tools used for collecting data were focus group discussions, key informant interviews and life history narratives. Secondary data were obtained through review of institutional documents and facts and figures. Findings of the study showed that different stakeholders are working with regional Labour and Social Affairs Agency to deter irregular migration. The key stakeholders were local community, educational institutions, Bureau of women and children affairs, media and religious organizations. Labour and Social Affairs Agency adopted three measures to control irregular migration: prevention, protection and prosecution. Therefore, attitudes of the community as well as leaders of religious organizations have to be reshaped by continuous public discussion and awareness creation programs.</p> Eyob Acha ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 08 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Influence of Scale of Operation and Farmers’ Risk Aversion on Sugarcane Productivity in Nandi County, Kenya <p><strong>Aims: </strong>Sugarcane ranks among top ten commercial crops grown in Kenya, but its productivity has been on the decline. This study investigated influence of scale of farm operation and farmers’ risk aversion on productivity. Risk aversion was based on farmers’ perceived risks associated with new high yielding, early maturing varieties.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> The survey study adopted an ex post facto research design.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> The study was carried out in Nandi County, Western parts of Kenya along a sugarcane growing belt. Data was collected between April and September, 2019.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> An enumerator-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of 198 respondents. Purposive and stratified random sampling techniques were used to select participants. Data was analyzed with the aid of SPSS Version 20. Chi square test and its related measure of strength of association; Cramer’s V, were utilized to estimate relationships between variables. Welch’s ANOVA (W-test) was run to test for yield differences between groups. Significant differences were subjected to post hoc tests using Games-Howell test to separate the means.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> There was a significant association between farmers scale of operation and productivity; Joseph Kipkorir Cheruiyot, Nelly Sang ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 08 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Analytical Study on Crop Status and Farmers’ Preference towards Crop Varieties and Hybrids in Namakkal District of Tamil Nadu <p>Tamil Nadu is one of the pioneer states in India, which is Farmer centric and has brought revolutionary initiatives in Agriculture to propel the productivity and production of major crops. The use of good quality seeds of improved high yielding varieties and hybrids is the master key for productive agriculture. Hence, the study was taken up in Namakkal district with an aim to assess the preference of using the varieties and hybrids and to identify the constraints of in adopting it. In Namakkal district, Thiruchengode block was purposively selected based onarea of cultivation. A sample of 30 respondents were selected using simple random sampling method and Participatory Rural Appraisal method was used for data collection. Percentage analysis and Cumulative frequency methods were used for data analysis. The study revealed that, the most of the farmers cultivated varieties like Sorghum (CO 30), Ragi (GPU 28), Blackgram (Vamban 4), Greengram (Vamban 2), Groundnut (TMV 7), Tapioca (MVD 1), Pomegrante (Bhagawa), Guava (Lucknow 49).The preferences expressed by the farmers for cultivating the above mentioned varieties and hybrids were high yield, highly suitable for all season, drought tolerant and less water consumption. In general, the farmers&nbsp; faced few constraints like, lack of awareness and knowledge about recent varieties, hybrids and technologies, monsoon failure, high labour cost, dry land area, lack of storage go-down facilities and farmers are not getting real returns of the crops due to climatic factor.</p> S. Elakkiya, M. Asokhan ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Value Chain Analysis of Delivery of Artificial Insemination Services in Kenya: A Case Study of the Western Kenya Region <p>The aim of the study was to map out value chains for transmitting genetic material, estimate gross margins and value added by each artificial insemination (AI) service providers, and recommend ways of improving AI services. Regulators, agents, trainers in artificial insemination and dairy farmers were interviewed in nine counties, namely Kisii, Nakuru, Uasin Gishu, Nandi, Kakamega, Bungoma, Nyamira, Bomet and Trans Nzoiafor three weeks in the year 2017. Ninety AI inseminators, 32 regulators, 18 distributors, 6 trainers, 10 para-veterinary officers and 10 importers of genetic material were interviewed through key informant interviews. A total of 114 farmers were interviewed through a semi-structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics (percentages, means) were used for data analysis. Results show that the Kenya Animal Genetics Resource Centre (KAGRC) handled 70% of the genetic material. Bull service had about 16% of the market share. The main challenge for farmers was repeat cases of insemination thus questioning the quality of artificial insemination. The AI trainers with better technical skills such as KAGR Conly trained 1% of the farmers interviewed. Gross margins for inseminators were Kenya shilling (KES) 163/dose for local semen and KES 660 for imported semen, thus making it difficult to earn a decent living from distribution of local semen. Transport cost was 37% of the total cost. To increase gross margins, inseminators should give veterinary services andencourage farmers to use AI services. County governments should reduce cost of transport. Traceability of inseminators and of semen distribution should be done to reduce exploitation of farmers.</p> S. Makokha, J. O. Onono, E. J. Mukhwana, H. Atsiaya, R. N. Wambugu ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Study of Socioeconomic Profile of Paddy Farmers Adopting Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) Technology in Odisha, India <p>The study was conducted in Puri District of Odisha, India along with the introduction of a new technology Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) in Rabi 2015. AWD was a very low cost water saving technology and farmers were made aware about it in the selected study area in nine villages, three in each three blocks of Puri district. The selected 144 farmers, 16 from each village who had adopted AWD were interviewed through a pretested interview schedule. 15 variables were taken to assess the socioeconomic profile of the farmers. The variables were quantified in terms of frequency and percentage. Respondents were categorized with respect to variables like social participation, cosmopoliteness, mass media exposure, extension participation, extension contact, progressiveness and scientific orientation on the basis of mean score and Standard Deviation The study revealed that majority (57.63%) of respondents belonged to middle aged category, maximum of 44 respondents (30.5%) having primary level education, majority (68%) of the respondents were marginal farmers, majority (78%) of respondents had high level of social participation, there was homogeneity among extension participation, average annual income, extension contact, mass media exposure, social participation and heterogeneity among all other variables.</p> Bibhu Prasad Dutta, Amit Mishra, Aditya Prasad Kanungo ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 10 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Diverse Role of Women for Natural Resource Management in India <p>Natural resources are means to satisfy human wants which exist in natural environment and which are available without any type of human endeavour. The degradation of natural resources such as land, water, forest etc. may have an adverse impact on livelihood of rural people. The present review paper determines diverse roles of women for management of various natural resources in India. Vigorous participation of women in decisions and activities related to conservation and well-organized utilization of renewable and non-renewable natural resources is solution of this world wide issue i.e., natural resource degradation. Over exploitation and botched utilization of natural resources can be protected in India through involvement of women in policies and programs made for natural resource management. They will also serve as a treasure of indigenous information for conserving natural resources.</p> Surabhi Singh, Sunita Dixit ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 09 Apr 2020 00:00:00 +0000