Analysis of Educational and Institutional Security among Dairy Farmers in Bundelkhand Region, India

Pawan Kumar Gautam *

Skill Faculty of Agriculture, Shri Vishwakarma Skill University, Palwal, Haryana, India.

Sujeet Kumar Jha

Agricultural Extension Division, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Education plays an important role in the modernized farm environment rather than the traditional one. The ability of farmers to deal with disequilibrium produced by the use of modern technologies is primarily determined by their education.  Based on a thorough examination of the literature and discussions with extension professionals, an index was developed to assess the educational and institutional security of dairy farmers.  Data were gathered through personal interview method with the help of the structured interview schedule. After the collection of data, the results were analyzed by using some statistical tools like percentage analysis, correlation and regression. The majority (>75%) of the respondents among medium farmers had a low to medium level of institutional security, whereas among large farmers the majority (53.34%) of the respondents had a high level of institutional security. Education, land holding, annual income and mass media exposure had positive and highly significant relationship with educational security at the 1 percent level of significance. The beta coefficient and their corresponding value indicate varying level of contribution towards dependent variable under the study. When the data was put into a regression analysis for asserting the R2 value, then it was found that they were cumulatively responsible for accounting 53.90 percent variability towards dependent variable i.e. educational security. The fitted regression model was observed to be significant at 1 percent level of significance. The variables education, social participation and annual income were found to be highly significant (p<0.01) while, experience in dairying, land holding and extension contact was found to be significant (p<0.05).

Keywords: Livelihood, educational security, bundelkhand, social participation, dairying

How to Cite

Gautam , P. K., & Jha , S. K. (2023). Analysis of Educational and Institutional Security among Dairy Farmers in Bundelkhand Region, India. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 41(11), 179–185.


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