Analysing Constraints Faced by Extension Personnel in Executing Kerala's Premier Agricultural Development Initiative, LEADS: A Comprehensive Examination

Sreekanth M S *

College of Agriculture Vellayani, Kerala Agricultural University, India.

Bindu Podikunju

Krishi Vigyan Kendra Kollam, Kerala Agricultural University, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


This research explores the hurdles encountered by extension personnel during the execution of Kerala's primary agricultural development initiative, LEADS (Lead Farmer-Centered Extension Advisory and Delivery Services). Through thorough examination, it investigates several constraints, including insufficient funding, delayed salary distribution, restricted crop coverage, and climate change challenges. Proposed strategies to enhance LEADS' effectiveness involve improving funding mechanisms, streamlining administrative processes, and incorporating innovative technologies and climate-resilient practices. Addressing these challenges has the potential to promote sustainable agricultural development, enhance farmer livelihoods, and bolster food security in Kerala and beyond. The study involved 120 extension personnel across four Kerala districts: Kannur, Kollam, Palakkad, and Wayanad.

Keywords: LEADS, constraints, extension personnel, lead farmers

How to Cite

Sreekanth M S, & Podikunju , B. (2024). Analysing Constraints Faced by Extension Personnel in Executing Kerala’s Premier Agricultural Development Initiative, LEADS: A Comprehensive Examination. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 42(5), 128–134.


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