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The paper employed a national survey data of agricultural production in rural Mali. The study aimed at estimating the effect of migration on the technical efficiency of agricultural households. Therefore, a theoretical model was developed to investigate the fact, which showed that the more the migrants deliver insurance, the less incentive their behind families have to work. A production function-using cross sectional data with household-specific fixed effects was ran to test this assumption. Probability of being financially supported by migrants is found to significantly contribute to technical inefficiency. This result should help decision makers especially agricultural policy makers formulate more efficient development strategies in agricultural production sector.
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