Knowledge and Adaptation Strategies of Eggplant Farmers to the Effect of Bacterial Wilt Disease in Nsukka Agricultural Zone of Enugu State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Juliana Chinasa Iwuchukwu
Gift Nwakaego Arihi
Sunday Alagba Obazi
Charles Ekene Udoye
Violet Amara Ohagwu


Aim: To ascertain knowledge and adaptation strategies of eggplant (Solanum melongena) farmers to the effect of bacterial wilt disease in Nsukka Agricultural zone of Enugu state, Nigeria.  

Study Design: Multi-stage and Simple Random Sampling Design/Technique were used in the study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Agricultural Extension, University of Nigeria, Nsukka Enugu State, Nigeria. The study took place between October 2017 and September 2018.

Methodology: One hundred and eight eggplant farmers were selected from three blocks and nine circles for the study. Percentage and mean scores were used to present the data.

Results: Findings reveal that the majority (96.30%) of the respondents had high knowledge on eggplant bacterial wilt disease. Some of the major effects of bacterial wilt disease on eggplant as perceived by the respondents were reduction in yield/output (x̅=2.84) and reduction in quality of harvested eggplant (x̅=2.81). Some adaptive strategies employed by the respondents to the effect of bacterial wilt disease were use of fertilizer (97.20%) and early planting of eggplants (96.30%). Constraints to egg plant farmers’ adaptation to bacterial wilt disease were: drudgery involved in controlling the disease (x̅=2.83) and high cost of good/disease free planting material (x̅= 2.80). Proper weeding (84.30%) and fumigation of the entire farmland before cultivation (79.60%) were some of the possible solutions to the destructive effects of bacterial wilt diseases.

Conclusion: The respondents had high knowledge on bacterial wilt disease, which helps them to adapt to the deleterious effects of the disease on their eggplants. 

Recommendation: The study recommends that governments and non-governmental organizations should invest in eggplants research in order to solve farmers’ problems; through evolvement and provision of resistant variety, recommended agronomic practices and agrochemicals of eggplants to farmers. Dissemination of output of the research through extension will boost the capacity of the farmers in order to adapt and overcome the disease.

Policy Implications: The investments on eggplants should be innovative and it should explore possible production and management strategies that not only boost but also, make eggplant enterprises sustainable. Policy must be focused on educating eggplant farmers on improved production and management practices on eggplant enterprises. This can be disseminated by agricultural extension workers and other relevant institutions. Policy must also focus on specific and pragmatic programs such as input supply programs (improved seeds, resistant varieties, fertilizer, pesticides, herbicides etc.) at affordable or subsidized prices. This must be designed in such a way that it identifies the right pathways to get to the eggplant farmers on appropriate time.

Adaptation strategy, bacterial disease, eggplant, knowledge, wilt infestation.

Article Details

How to Cite
Iwuchukwu, J. C., Arihi, G. N., Obazi, S. A., Udoye, C. E., & Ohagwu, V. A. (2020). Knowledge and Adaptation Strategies of Eggplant Farmers to the Effect of Bacterial Wilt Disease in Nsukka Agricultural Zone of Enugu State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 38(7), 25-33.
Original Research Article


Rahman MO, Rabbani MG, Yesmin R, Garvey EJ. Genetic diversity of brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) through multivariate analysis. Int. J. Natural and Social Sci. 2014;1:85-93.

Lakshmi RR, Purushotham K, Naidu LN, Padma SSV. Application of principal component and cluster analyses in brinjal (Solanum melongena L.). Plant Archives. 2013;13(1):297- 303.

Sabolu S, Kathiria KB, Mistry CR, Kumar S. Generation mean analysis of fruit quality traits in eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). Australian Journal of Crop Science. 2014;8(2):243-250.

Food and Agricultural Organization Statistics (FAOSTAT). FAO Statistical Database; 2012.

(Accessed on 15 June 2012)

Available: http://faostat

Kutama AS, Abubakar MM, Kabiru S, Muharaz A. Survey of fusarium wilt on garden egg (Solanum melongena) at Imawa village of Kura Local Government, Kano State, Nigeria. IJISET - International Journal of Innovative Science, Engineering & Technology. 2016;3(1):95-99.

Ozobia AP. Evaluation of mixture productivity and economic profit of inter-cropped garden egg and okra as influenced by application of moringa oleifera extracts ,poultry manure and N. P. K Fertilizer in cropping systems of farmers in north central Nigeria. Journal of Educational Policy and Entrepreneurial Research. 2013;1(2):227-237.

Adesina FA, Odekunle TO. Climate change and adaptation in Nigeria: Some background to Nigeria's response, Ile-Ife Nigeria; 2012.

Ayogu CJ, Ike CU, Ogbonna OI, Nnaemeka GK. Agricultural extension roles towards adaptation to the effect of Taro Leaf Blight (TIB) Disease in Nsukka agricultural zone, Enugu State. Biology, Agriculture and Heath Care. 2015;5(12):59-72.

Singh BK, Singh S, Singh BK, Mal Yadav S. Some important plant pathogenic diseases of Brinjal (Solanum melongena L.) and their management. Plant Pathology Journal. 2014;13:208-213.

Ugwoke FO, Nnadi FM, Anaeto CF, Aja OO, Nwakwasi RN. Farmers’ perception of the effect of climate change in Orlu agricultural zone of Imo state, Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension. 2010;16(2):212-223.

Huet G. Breading for resistance to Ralstonia solanacearum. Front Plant Science. 2014;5:715.

Mukasa SB, Valkonen JP, Tugume AK, Cuellar WJ. Molecular genetic analysis of virus isolates from wide and cultivated plants show East Africa as a hotspot for the evolution and diversification of Sweet potato feathery mottle virus. Mol. Ecol. 2017;19:3139-3156.

Nahar N, Islam Md. R, Uddin MM, De Jong P, Strui PC, Slomph TJ. Disease management in eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) nurseries also reduces wilt and fruit rot in subsequent plantings: A participatory testing in Bangladesh. Crop Protection. 2019;120: 113-124.