Farmers’ Perception on Climate Change: A Study in Tarai Region of Uttarakhand
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology,
Climate change has emerged as a potent threat disrupting the development process and is hurting several sectors of Indian economy, especially the agriculture sector. Knowledge about these disruptive factors can enable the farmers to mitigate the negative impact of climate change on agriculture. Therefore, the understanding of location-specific farmers’ perceptions and their adaptive behaviors can provide a better insight to design appropriate policy measures and guidelines to address these challenges effectively. The present study was aimed at determining farmers’ perceptions about climate change on agriculture. The study sample comprised 180 farmers selected using simple random sampling. The findings indicate that all the farmers (100%) were aware of climate change. All of them reported “increase in temperature” and “erratic rainfall” and “shortening of winter season” as the major indicators of climate change as experienced by them. Besides, 85.55 percent famers reported that “peak time of winter” has changed in Uttarakhand, a hilly state. Such perceptions about climate change can be seen as a precursor mediating the adoption of recommended practices and adaptation measures. Thus, the results of the study will enlighten the policy makers and agriculture scientists in preparing a roadmap for policy formulation regarding adaptation measures (short run initiatives) as well as undertaking mitigation measures (long run initiatives) of climate change besides helping the agriculture extension agencies to design and plan locale-specific adaptation strategies and agriculture development programs.
- Climate change
- adaptation measures
- farmers’ perception
- hill agriculture
How to Cite
Joshi S, Ansari MA, Raghuvnshi R. Farmers’ perceptions about climate change and their knowledge about adaptation strategies. International Journal of Basic and Applied Research. 2018; 16(1):1-7.
Kotei R. Seidu JM, Tevor JW and Mahama AA. Farmers’ Perception about the Effects of the Physical Environment on Crop Production in the Sekyere-West District. Proceedings of the Ghana Society of Agricultural Engineering. 2007;16-25.
Van den Ban AW, Hawkins HS. Agricultural Extension. (2nd Edition), Blackwell Science, UK;2000.
Whitmarsh L, Capstick S. Perceptions of climate change. In Psychology and Climate Change: Human Perceptions, Impacts, and Responses. S. Clayton, and C. Manning (Editors). 2018;13–33. Elsevier Academic Press.
Saarinen TF. Environmental Planning: Perception and Behaviour. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company;1976.
Van der Linden, Hawkins S. The social-psychological determinants of climate change risk perceptions: Towards a comprehensive model. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 2015;41:112-124.
Ansari MA, Joshi S, Raghuvanshi R. Understanding farmers perceptions about climate change: a study in a North Indian State. Advances in Agriculture and Environmental Science. 2018;1(2): 85-89.
Hansen JW, Marx SM, Weber EU. The role of climate perceptions, expectations, and forecasts in farmer decision making: the Argentine Pampas and South Florida: Final Report of an IRI Seed Grant Project;2004.
Hansen J, Sato M, Ruedy R. Perception of climate change. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 2012;109:14726-14727, E2415-E2423,
Lehner F, Stocker Thomas F. From local perception to global perspective. Nature Climate Change. 2015;5(8):731-734.
Patt AG, Schröter D. Climate risk perception and challenges for policy implementation: evidence from stakeholders in Mozambique. Global Environmental Change. 2008;18:458-467.
De Matos Carlos S, da Cunha DA, Pires MV, Do Couto-Santos FR. Understanding farmers' perceptions and adaptation to climate change: the case of Rio das Contas basin, Brazil. Geo Journal. 2020; 85:805–821
Weber EU. What shapes perceptions of climate change? Wires Climate Change. 2010;1(3):332–342.
Simelton E, Quinn CH, Batisani N, Dougill AJ, Dyer JC, Fraser EDG. Is Rainfall Really Changing? Farmers' Perceptions, Meteorological Data, and Policy Implications. Climate and Development. 2013;5:123–138.
Eakin H, Tucker CM, Castellanos E, Diaz-Porras R, Barrera JF, Morales H. Adaptation in a multi-stressor environment: perceptions and responses to climatic and economic risks by coffee growers in Mesoamerica. Environment, Development and Sustainability. 2014;16(1):123-139.
Makuvaro V, Walker S, Masere TP, Dimes J. Smallholder farmer perceived effects of climate change on agricultural productivity and adaptation strategies. Journal of Arid Environments. 2018;152.
Nizam, Sakeena. Farmers’ Perception on Climate Change. Proceedings of the Third International Symposium, SEUSL: Oluvi, Sri Lanka. 2013;77-82.
Singh S. Farmers’ perception of climate change and adaptation decisions: A micro-level evidence from Bundelkhand Region, India. Ecological Indicators. 2020; 116:106475.
Shashidahra KK, Reddy BS. Farmers’ perceptions and adaptation about changing climate and its variability in UKP area of Karnataka. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education. 2012; 12(2):196-201.
Dhanya P, Ramachandran A. Farmers’ perceptions of climate change and the proposed agriculture adaptation strategies in a semi-arid region of south India. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences. 2016;13(1):1-18.
Pandey AK, Prasad R, Newaj R, Dhyani SK, Saroj NK, Tripathi VD. Climate change: Perceived risk in agriculture and innovative adaptations at local level in Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh. Indian Journal of Agroforestry. 2012;14(2):18-22.
Hein Y, Vijitsrikamol K, Attavanich W, Janekarnkij P. Do farmers perceive the trends of local climate variability accurately? An analysis of farmers’ perceptions and meteorological data in Myanmar. Climate. 2019;7(5):64.
Banerjee A, Dimri AP, Kumar K. Temperature over the Himalayan foothill state of Uttarakhand: Present and future. Journal of Earth System Science. 2021;130(1):1-14.
Ahmad H. Seasonal detection of trends and variability of climatic parameters in Tarai region of Uttarakhand. International Journal of Applied and Pure Science and Agriculture. 2015;1(8): 92-103.
Katariya JS. Variability analysis of rainfall, temperature and rainy days of Pantnagar, Udham Singh Nagar district. Master’s Thesis, College of Technology, GBPUAT, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand (India); 2018.
Kiran R. Long Term Trends and Variations in Rainfall under Present Climatic Scenarios at Pantnagar. Vayu Mandal. 2018;44:54-60.
Abstract View: 252 times
PDF Download: 99 times