Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology 2022-09-26T12:56:04+00:00 Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociolo Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics &amp; Sociology (ISSN:&nbsp;2320-7027)</strong>&nbsp;aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJAEES/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Agricultural Extension, Economics &amp; Sociology research’. By not excluding papers based on novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open-access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> <p>This is an open-access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open access.</p> <p>Every issue will consist of a minimum of 5 papers. Each issue will be running, and all officially accepted manuscripts will be immediately published online. The state-of-the-art running issue concept gives authors the benefit of 'Zero Waiting Time' for the officially accepted manuscripts to be published. This journal is an international journal and its scope is not confined by the boundary of any country or region.</p> Trade Competitiveness of Palm Oil Export from ASEAN Countries 2022-09-26T09:45:26+00:00 B. Teena Lakshmi K. M. Shivakumar D. Suresh Kumar K. Mahendran J. Suresh <p><strong>Aims:</strong> To study the competitiveness, import intensity and structural break of palm oil exports from ASEAN member countries to the Indian market for the period 2000 to 2020.</p> <p><strong>Data and Methodology:</strong> The relevant data was collected from UNCOMTRADE for the period of 21 years (2000 to 2020). The tools used for the analysis were Revealed Symmetric Comparative Advantage (RSCA), Import Intensity Index (III) and Chow test.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The study revealed that Indonesia had lost its comparative advantage due to differential tariff rates imposed by India between Indonesia and its close competitor Malaysia. After 2011, the import intensity index clarifies that there was a gradual decrease in imports from Indonesia. However, Malaysia and Thailand showed an upward trend in import intensity index till the year 2018. After 2018, Singapore had an upward trend in import intensity. From chow test, there was a significant difference in importing palm oil from ASEAN countries to India before and after signing AIFTA (ASEAN- India Free Trade Agreement).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Considering India’s demand for palm oil which is expected to double by 2030, so sustainable palm oil cultivation is recommended and a balanced approach should be taken to fix the tariff rate to protect domestic producers and refineries without compromising consumer demand.</p> 2022-09-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Growth and Export Performance of Maize from India 2022-09-26T12:47:33+00:00 P. R. Kolhe D. S. Perke J. A. Chande <p>Maize is India’s third most important cereal crop after rice and wheat and it is the only cereal crop which can be cultivated throughout the seasons. The present study focuses on the growth in area, production, productivity and export performance of maize from India by using secondary data for the period (1999-2019). To estimate the growth rate in area, production and productivity of maize in India, the following analytical tool was used that is Compound Growth Rate (CGR). The results revealed that area, production, productivity observed positive compound growth rate at one per cent level of significance during overall study period. Export quantity showed the positive growth rate at ten per cent level of significance. Export value of maize showed the positive compound growth rate at one per cent level of significance during overall study period. In country wise analysis Yemen Republic showed highest growth rate in terms of export quantity and Nepal showed highest growth rate in terms of export value respectively. The research will help us understand the primary factors influencing maize production and export of maize from India. So, it becomes a paramount importance for a country like India to start promotion measures to boost up the pace of its exports.</p> 2022-09-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Relationship between the Profile Characteristics of Farmers with their Attitude towards Integrated Farming System in Kerala 2022-09-26T12:56:04+00:00 Vani Chandran Ritu Chakravarty <p>Farmers attitude towards any developmental activity is a priceless resource to policy makers for designing policies in order to reduce vulnerabilities of farmers. Farmers' attitudes toward Integrated Farming System have a significant impact on its upkeep. There are certain factors that influencing the attitude of a person. Therefore, by analyzing these factors, better strategy can be formulated for developing a positive attitude among the farmers. Here an attempt was made in order to identify the factors influencing the attitude of farmers in Kerala towards integrated farming systems during 2021-2022. In order to get a complete image of Kerala, three districts were randomly selected and from each district 60 IFS units were selected randomly from four panchayats to understand the relationship between the profile characteristics of farmers with their attitude towards integrated farming system. This will help the extension workers and policy makers to formulate new policies based on their profile characteristics. From the analysis conducted, it was found that among the selected independent variables farm size, experience in farming, mass media exposure, extension participation, economic motivation, training undergone were positively and significantly correlated to attitude towards IFS at 1 per cent level of significance. Whereas social participation was positively and significantly correlated to attitude at 5 per cent level of significance.</p> 2022-09-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Review on Custom Hiring Services under Indian Conditions: Farmer’s Perception, Associated Factors, Constraints, and Suggestions 2022-09-26T10:11:41+00:00 Upali Kisku Amit Kumar Singh <p>Indian agriculture has witnessed a dearth in farm mechanization resulting in inadequate production and productivity in various parts of the country. Despite its need and usefulness, farm mechanization is still far off the reach of small and marginal farmers, who by the virtue of their poor economic condition are unable to acquire the various farm implements needed for timely farm operations. Custom hiring centers (CHC) are a reliable source for bringing a considerable change in the farming situation across the country by availing hiring services of farm implements at affordable rates to the farmers. CHCs are capable to realize the labor shortage, efficient and timely operations, and increased yields. Many studies have demonstrated different dimensions regarding the custom hiring centers and their services. This review paper is collated to provide a better understanding of the perception of the farmers, associated factors, constraints experienced by the farmers, and suggestions regarding utilization of custom hiring services (CHS).</p> 2022-09-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##