Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology https://journalajaees.com/index.php/AJAEES <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics &amp; Sociology (ISSN:&nbsp;2320-7027)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJAEES/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Agricultural Extension, Economics &amp; Sociology research’. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology 2320-7027 Economics of Wicker Willow Cultivation as a Sustainable Livelihood Activity of Its Cultivators and Handicraft Makers in Ganderbal District of Jammu and Kashmir https://journalajaees.com/index.php/AJAEES/article/view/30368 <p>The present study was carried out in four blocks, viz., Ganderbal, Sherpathri, Lar and Kangan of district Ganderbal of the Kashmir valley owing to the majority of wicker willow cultivators and handicraft makers in these blocks of the district. A total number of 120 respondents, i.e., wicker willow cultivators and handicraft makers were selected for the study. Data derived from the respondents were analyzed by using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Three main varieties of wicker willow species were determined in the study area, i,e., <em>Salix triandra, Salix dickymat and Salix viminalis</em>, with <em>Salix triandra </em>being the most prominent among the three as almost 53.33% of the respondents were cultivating this specie of wicker willow followed by <em>Salix dickymat </em>and <em>Salix viminalis.</em> During the cultivation of wicker willow, costs on preparation of land, planting material, fencing, FYM were applicable during the first year only, whereas, costs on fertilizer, weeding/cleaning were applicable throughout the crop life. During this study it was found that the inputs like planting material, fertilizers and weeding/cleaning had a direct impact on the total output of wicker willow. The study reveals that the average production of wicker willow was 768 kgs/kanal. The average cost of production was Rs 1170/kanal/year, whereas the average gross return stood at Rs 8256/kanal/year. The average net returns were estimated to be Rs 7086/kanal/year. Almost 44% of respondents were involved in making wicker handicrafts, which indicates that 44% of the respondents were accepting it as their main source of income. During this study, it was calculated that the payback period in case of wicker willow cultivation was 3<sup>rd</sup> year, whereas per rupee return was estimated to be Rs 3.19 and the ratio of benefit and costs was estimated to be 2.48, thereby making this practice as a profitable one when compared to other crops in the study area.</p> Mudasir Rashid Sajad A. Saraf S. Maqbool K. R. Dar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-15 2020-07-15 1 8 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i730368 Towards Studies on Current Scenario in Export and Import of Silk Goods in India https://journalajaees.com/index.php/AJAEES/article/view/30369 <p>The present study an endeavor export and import silk goods data collect and analysis of annual compound growth rates.&nbsp; China is the biggest consumer of silk in the world next to India second consumer of raw silk and silk fabrics. The study area covers whole country. The analysis was carried out for the period from export and import of silk goods during 1985 to 2017. Compound growth rate of quantity of export silk commodities for significant was 31.66 per cent during the period I (1985-86 to 1987-88). For overall period (1985 to 2016) moderately significant growth in quantity (2.44%), but the growth of value (10.02%) was significant. In import, highest CGR was 29.39 per cent in quantity and 32.02 per cent in value during the period IV (1997-98 to 2001-02). Overall Period (1985-6 to 2016-17) revealed that, highly CGR of quantity and value. In import, the significant and CGR was Uzbekistan, Japan, Korea RP and others during the period II (2007 to 2011). The overall period (1980-81 to 2016-17) there was a negatively significant in the country like China, Brazil and Japan, while, Uzbekistan, Korea RP and Others. The study finally indicated, the significant growth of export and import in all the country <em>viz.</em> USA, HK, UK, UAE, Germany, Spain and others&nbsp; during from 1985-86 to 2016-17. The overall period (1985-86 to 2016-17), growth rate was found in significant like scarves, Dress materials, and others (spun silk).</p> D. Elumalai K. Uma P. Balaji ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-15 2020-07-15 9 15 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i730369 Data Envelopment Analysis Approach to Estimating Economic and Scale Efficiency in Processing Cassava into Gari in Ankpa Local Area, Kogi State, Nigeria https://journalajaees.com/index.php/AJAEES/article/view/30371 <p>This study examined the economic and scale efficiency in processing cassava into gari in Ankpa Local Government, Kogi State. Data were collected from 120 cassava processors through a multistage sampling technique in 2019 using questionnaire as the instrument for data collection. Data collected were analyzed through the use of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), ordinary Least squares regression analysis and simple descriptive statistics. The result of the study revealed that about 8.33% and 63.33% achieved full technical efficiency (TE = 1) under the CRS and VRS respectively while 12.50% achieved both full allocative and economic efficiency. About 8.33% achieved full scale efficiency. These efficiency scores revealed the presence of considerable level of inefficiency and room for improvement in order to become fully efficient. The returns to scale analysis revealed that majority of cassava processors (about 90%) are operating under increasing returns scale implying that most of the firms in the sample are too small and therefore would benefit from an increase in scale. The OLS result showed that household size, experience and education are the most important and significant factors affecting both technical and economic efficiency of the processors in the study area. We recommend that processors should be encouraged to form and join viable cooperatives where they can access credit, information, training and processing facilities in order to improve their efficiency.</p> Ezekiel O. Haruna Elizabeth E. Samuel Blessing Amechima ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-15 2020-07-15 16 24 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i730371 Knowledge and Adaptation Strategies of Eggplant Farmers to the Effect of Bacterial Wilt Disease in Nsukka Agricultural Zone of Enugu State, Nigeria https://journalajaees.com/index.php/AJAEES/article/view/30372 <p><strong>Aim:</strong> To ascertain knowledge and adaptation strategies of eggplant (<em>Solanum melongena</em>) farmers to the effect of bacterial wilt disease in Nsukka Agricultural zone of Enugu state, Nigeria<strong>. </strong>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> Multi-stage and Simple Random Sampling Design/Technique were used in the study.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> Department of Agricultural Extension, University of Nigeria, Nsukka Enugu State, Nigeria. The study took place between October 2017 and September 2018.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> One hundred and eight eggplant farmers were selected from three blocks and nine circles for the study. Percentage and mean scores were used to present the data.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Findings reveal that the majority (96.30%) of the respondents had high knowledge on eggplant bacterial wilt disease. Some of the major effects of bacterial wilt disease on eggplant as perceived by the respondents were reduction in yield/output (x̅=2.84) and reduction in quality of harvested eggplant (x̅=2.81). Some adaptive strategies employed by the respondents to the effect of bacterial wilt disease were use of fertilizer (97.20%) and early planting of eggplants (96.30%). Constraints to egg plant farmers’ adaptation to bacterial wilt disease were: drudgery involved in controlling the disease (x̅=2.83) and high cost of good/disease free planting material (x̅= 2.80). Proper weeding (84.30%) and fumigation of the entire farmland before cultivation (79.60%) were some of the possible solutions to the destructive effects of bacterial wilt diseases.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The respondents had high knowledge on bacterial wilt disease, which helps them to adapt to the deleterious effects of the disease on their eggplants.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Recommendation:</strong> The study recommends that governments and non-governmental organizations should invest in eggplants research in order to solve farmers’ problems; through evolvement and provision of resistant variety, recommended agronomic practices and agrochemicals of eggplants to farmers. Dissemination of output of the research through extension will boost the capacity of the farmers in order to adapt and overcome the disease.</p> <p><strong>Policy Implications:</strong> The investments on eggplants should be innovative and it should explore possible production and management strategies that not only boost but also, make eggplant enterprises sustainable. Policy must be focused on educating eggplant farmers on improved production and management practices on eggplant enterprises. This can be disseminated by agricultural extension workers and other relevant institutions. Policy must also focus on specific and pragmatic programs such as input supply programs (improved seeds, resistant varieties, fertilizer, pesticides, herbicides etc.) at affordable or subsidized prices. This must be designed in such a way that it identifies the right pathways to get to the eggplant farmers on appropriate time.</p> Juliana Chinasa Iwuchukwu Gift Nwakaego Arihi Sunday Alagba Obazi Charles Ekene Udoye Violet Amara Ohagwu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-16 2020-07-16 25 33 10.9734/ajaees/2020/v38i730372