Open Access Original Research Article

Influence of Gender, Age, Marital Status and Farm Size on Coffee Production: A Case of Kisii County, Kenya

Javan Ngeywo, Evans Basweti, Anakalo Shitandi

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 117-125
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2015/15702

Coffee is the fifth GDP earner employing over 600,000 households in Kenya. Coffee farmers are elderly averaging 51 years and a few young; this has had an influence in adoption of new technologies and reduced coffee production from 130,000 MT in 1989 to 50,000 MT in 2012 despite its profitability. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of gender, age, marital status and farm size on coffee production. Multistage and purposive random sampling technique was used to get qualitative and quantitative data using structured questionnaires and interviews on a sample size of 227 farmers from a total population of 69,000 and target population of 18,400 coffee farmers in Kisii County. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics at 0.05 level of significance, using Pearson Correlation. The research finding established mean production per tree which was 1.77 kilograms and Standard Deviation of 3.23, the average age of coffee farmers was found to be 57 years and 74.3% of them were married. The findings further revealed that, the average coffee farm size was 1.15 acres and Standard deviation of 1.05. On the influence of gender, age, marital status and area under coffee on coffee production, the findings revealed gender, age and marital status has no effect on coffee production (P>0.05), while area under coffee has an influence on coffee production (P=0.023) Agricultural extension practitioners need to advice and encourage the youth and female to take part in coffee farming and encourage the elderly farmers to mentor the youth and women to take charge of coffee farming.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Affecting Technical Efficiency of Passion Fruit Producers in the Kenya Highlands

Charles Karani-Gichimu, Ibrahim Macharia, Maina Mwangi

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 126-136
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2015/10629

The importance of passion fruit in livelihood improvement has been a key driver among rural households production participation in Kenya. The frequency of harvest and income flows compared to other farm enterprises in the fruit growing regions has been high. However, the productivity of the fruit remains low; an indicator of low technical efficiency. Using a semi-structured questionnaire, cross sectional data from 123 randomly selected passion fruit producers was used in the study to assess factors that contribute to purple passion fruit production efficiency in the Kenyan highlands. The study established a mean technical efficiency of 58.66%. Orchard age, credit amount used, non-passion fruit income and County variables significantly and positively influenced TE at 5% level. The level of education, extension advice use frequency and market access positively and significantly influenced technical efficiency at 10% level. In order to amend the current efficiency status upwards, passion fruit producers and support institutions should incorporate innovative measures towards resource use efficiency for increased productivity.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Agricultural Reform Measures on Maize Production among Small Scale Farmers: The Case of Western Province of Kenya

M. Adijah Ali-Olubandwa, N. J. Kathuri, Dolphine Odero-Wanga, W. A. Shivoga

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 137-146
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2015/12053

The introduction of SAPs (Structural Adjustment Programmes) and trade liberalisation resulted in agricultural reforms in Kenya and other developing countries. Hence the Kenya government no longer gives incentives to small scale farmers. The study therefore sought to find out the impact of agricultural reform measures put in place to increase maize production in the agricultural reform era in Western Province of Kenya. The study used Ex-post facto research design via cross sectional survey. Busia, Bungoma, Mt. Elgon and Lugari districts were purposively selected to represent Western Province. Two divisions from each of the four districts were selected by simple random sampling. For uniformity purposes 200 small scale farmers were selected from focal areas through systematic random sampling hence ensuring that they all had been exposed to extension staff. Four key informants were sampled purposefully based on their positions of authority. In addition, 52 extension staffs were sampled through systematic random sampling. The small holder farmers were interviewed with the help of interview schedule containing open and closed ended questions. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The study revealed that the government’s support to the small scale farmers was minimal, and that there were changes such as liberalisation of the input market & National Cereals and Produce Board that did not favour the small scale farmer and this might have discouraged them from increasing maize production. Agricultural reform measures put in place to encourage small scale farmers in Western Province to increase maize production has changed over the years. However, the small scale farmers were either not aware of these changes or were not able to take advantage of these changes. AS a result, the small scale farmers did not take charge of factors affecting production and marketing of their maize. The study recommended that the extension staff should teach the small scale farmers on the changes that have been brought about by SAPs and market liberalisation and how to take advantage of such opportunities such as form strong common interest groups.

Open Access Original Research Article

Performance Study of Koshihikari Rice Variety and Its Economic Prospect in Comparison with Three Popular Rice Varieties of Bangladesh

Bishwajit Das, Md. Masudul Haque, Md. Abdul Mannan, Sheuli Mazumder

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 147-157
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2015/15990

The research was conducted to observe the growth and yield performance of one exotic rice variety namely Koshihikari in comparison with other three popular high yielding rice varieties of Bangladesh and its economic prospect. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with five replications. Experimental site is located in the geographical location of 22º47´ N and 89º34´ E at the Dr. Purnendu Gain Field Laboratory of Agrotechnology Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh and the field was typical rice growing medium high land with clay-loam soil texture. Four rice varieties namely BRRI dhan28, BRRI dhan47 and BRRI dhan50 and Koshihikari rice variety of Japan were tested to compare the yield potential. At harvest, the tallest plant height was produced by BRRI dhan47 (93.19 cm) while the most dwarf plant by Koshihikari (78.30 cm) and the maximum number of tiller hill-1 (16) was produced by Koshihikari. BRRI dhan50 was produced the longest panicle (22.87 cm) and maximum number of grains panicle-1 (119) while the shortest panicle (14.93 cm) and minimum grains panicle-1 (60) was produced by Koshihikari variety. The highest 1000-grain weight (22.21 g) and grain yield (7.62 t ha-1) were observed in BRRI dhan47 whereas the lowest 1000-grain weight (17.30 g) was observed in BRRI dhan50 and the minimum grain yield (5.6 t ha-1) was found in Koshihikari variety. However, Koshihikari has some performance limitations, but it has brighter economic prospect than the other three popular rice varieties of Bangladesh because cultivating Koshihikari only in 0.1% mean rice cultivated land area in Boro season in Bangladesh and exporting at the price of only 10% of retailer price in world market may bring about BDT 1091 million export revenue that will be more than total revenue earned by Bangladesh by exporting rice at present.

Open Access Original Research Article

Cost-Benefit Analysis for Agroforestry Systems in Vietnam

Hoang Van Thang, Tran Van Do, Osamu Kozan, Delia C. Catacutan

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 158-165
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2015/15750

Agroforestry has been practiced for a long time in Vietnam. In this study, the cost-benefit was analyzed in four agroforestry systems, which have been widely established in north mountainous provinces with Star Anise (Illicium verum) + tea (IT), bead tree (Melia azedarach) + cassava (MC), Acacia hybrid + cassava (AC) and Acacia mangium + maize (AM). A questionnaire was used to obtain information on (1) Inputs, which included costs for seeds/seedlings, fertilizers, pesticides, and labor costs, and (2) Incomes, which included benefits from selling fruits, leaves, corns, and timbers. The results indicated that IT had the highest economic benefit (6,527 US$ ha-1 y-1), followed by MC (2,905 US$ ha-1 y-1), AC (1,043 US$ ha-1 y-1), and AM (870 US$ ha-1 y-1), respectively. However, even with such economic benefits, these agroforestry models could not be established across all mountainous regions because of site specific ecological requirements of tree species and crops. In addition, unstable market and fluctuating price of agroforestry products is a big concern leading to unsustainability of these agroforestry systems. It is recommended that farmers, the local government, business sector, researchers and other relevant sectors, collaborate and work together in developing an agroforestry development strategy for the northern mountainous region of Vietnam. Such a strategy must include selecting suitable species, employing improved management techniques, harvesting and processing techniques, financing, market and price security and environment protection.

Open Access Original Research Article

Socioeconomic Determinants of Livestock Production Technology Adoption in Northern Ghana

Isaac Gershon Kodwo Ansah, Damasius Eib, Richard Amoako

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 166-182
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2015/15996

The Northern region of Ghana hosts the largest number of livestock producers compared to the other regions, but output is still low despite the introduction of improved technologies which have the potential to increase livestock yields when adopted and provide better livelihoods to participating households. Consequently, adoption of improved technologies has been low, slow and uncertain. This study set out to examine factors that influence the adoption of livestock production technologies. One hundred and fifty (150) livestock farmers were randomly sampled from six communities in three districts of the region. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics and a logit regression model. The results showed that the low level of awareness of livestock production technologies have contributed to the low adoption by farmers. The logit regression results disclosed that the likelihood to adopt livestock production technology was significantly explained for 56% by extension contact, intent of producing livestock, number of children, herd size (for some animals species), source of stock, farm record keeping, education and gender. 44% of variation in adoption is therefore caused by other factors. It is recommended that any intervention to increase the adoption of livestock production technology should focus on creating greater awareness and also consider the specific policy variables that influence adoption.