This study aimed at analyzing the progressivity of government spending on health in rural areas of Edo State. The study made use of primary and secondary data. The primary data were obtained from 360 respondents in rural areas of Edo state through the use of well structured questionnaire and interview schedule. The relevant data were analyzed using Kakwani Progressivity Index. The Progressivity analysis reveals that the concentration indices for BCG, Polio an d Measles were negative which implied that the spending on them was progressive and pro-poor. However, the concentration indices for prenatal and postnatal health cares were positive, suggesting that the spending on prenatal and postnatal health cares was not progressive and not pro-poor. The international supports which vaccination schemes enjoyed may account for the high vaccination rate __ DQG LW¶V SUR-poorness in rural area of Edo State. However, vaccination programme should place more emphasis on Measles vaccination as the current rate of 42% for Measles is too low to achieve health target in the Millennium Development Goals by 2015. The authorities may make Measles vaccination as condition for getting further benefit from government in form of Conditional Cash Transfer. Government should mount a proper education campaign for the populace on the desirability of prenatal and post natal cares in the rural areas of the State. Building more health centers in rural communities where prenatal and postnatal health cares can be administered is also important.
The study was designed to identify “An Assessment Factors Influencing the Adaptation of Staple crop Special Rice Project (SRP) Technology among farmers in Niger State. The objectives of the study was to determine the level of awareness of the Staple Crop SRP technology, levels of adoption and adaptation of the technology, the socio-economic characteristics and the technology attributes that influenced adaptation of technologies, impact of adaptation on the yield of rice, and to identify the reasons why farmers adapted the recommended SRP technology package. The data that was used in this study was obtained by a field survey which was conducted on 100 rice farmers in each of the three agricultural zones of the State through the use of questionnaires in the study area. The analytical tools that were used in this study are distribution frequencies, percentages, mean, t-test, correlation and multiple regression models. The result and findings of this research shows that 8 percent of the farmers were aware of 3 and below of the technologies, 18 percent were aware of 4 to 6 of the technologies, 74 percent were aware of 7 to 8 of the improved technologies and more than half (63 farmers) were aware of all the 8 improved technologies, It was also found that 40 percent of the SRP participants adopted 5 out of the 8 technologies while 94 percent of the participants adopted 8 of the recommended practices. This indicates high level of adoption of the SRP technology package by participants.
This study assessed the effects of education attainment and previous training on adoption of various cultural management practices among pineapple farmers in three barrangays in Cavite Philippines. The research employed a case study design. Respondents from the three adjacent barangays of Silang, Cavite, Philippines were identified using random sampling technique. A sample size of 60 pineapple farmers was selected for the study. Data were collected using structured questionnaires and analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Chi square was used to determine the effect of education attainment and previous training on the adoption of various cultural management practices. Results were presented using tables. The study revealed that education attainment did not influence the use of the different types of fertilizers. It was noted that there was a significant difference between education attainment and use of insecticides, fungicides and nematicides with p value of .016, .015, and .007 respectively. The result also shows that college graduate farmers tend to use more insecticides, fungicides and nematicides frequently than necessary which resulted to overuse, compared to other farmers. With regard to previous training, the more the farmers attended previous training the less they employ the use of insecticides and fungicides. Therefore, pineapple farmers should be trained on the appropriate cultural management practices that can be adopted to ensure improved soil fertility and productivity.
The study analysed the determinants of savings among rural women in Borno State. Primary data for the study were obtained through the used of structured questionnaires from 600 respondents selected through multi-stage sampling procedure. Frequency distribution, percentages, mean, bar chart and pie chart were used to examine the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents in the study area. Logit regression model was used to determine the effects of factors (socio-economic, institutional and cultural) on the probability of savings of the respondents. The study revealed that majority (88%) of the respondents were married. It was also evident from the study that about 90% of the respondents fell within the age range of 20-50 years. The mean household size was 6. The study also revealed that majority (64%) had Agriculture as their main livelihood activity, and many (54%) had no formal education. The result showed that income was obtained from farming and non- farming livelihood activities. The study went further to reveal that majority stored grains as assets. It was revealed by the study that many (41%) of the women in the study area were involved in Rotating Savings and Credit Association (ROSCAs) as a financial saving tool. Based on the finding of this study, it is recommended that there is need to implement policies that will boost the productivity and improve the income of rural women. Institutions that are involved in developmental projects need to increase support to improve the business environment of rural women.
This research proposes a complete study of project development by analyzing the starting point, situation, before studying the feasibility of the project, creation of a small company that produces tomato paste in the district of Ambatondrazaka-Madagascar, regarding technical and technological, market and marketing, managerial, financial, and environmental aspects. The situation analysis highlighted that there are six opportunities and two strengths that lead into the creation of the company. However, some alternatives such as working closely with farmers, through the establishment of contracts, building good relationship with regional and central governments, training the company’s manager and personnel, and finding places for tomato cultivation during the raining season should be applied by the company to overcome the situation’s weaknesses and threats. The technical and technological, managerial, financial, and environmental analysis showed that the creation of the company is feasible. However, the market and marketing analysis pointed out that the company should adopt an effective marketing strategy for increasing its local and regional sales.
The problem of poverty and inequality has been a long standing issue in most Sub-sahara African countries including Nigeria. The rural poverty situation in Nigeria was assessed using three datasets which include; 1996 National Consumer Survey (NCS), 2004 National Living Standard Survey (NLSS) and 2008/09 Harmonized National Living Standard Survey (HNLSS) all sourced from the National Bureau of Statistics. The level of poverty in the rural area was more severe in 1996 than in 2004. It was 69.2 per cent in 1996 and 65.1 per cent in 2004 indicating a reduction of -5.9 per cent. In 2010, poverty headcount rose by 9.06 per cent. Elasticity of Total Poverty with Respect to Average Income Growth shows that a unit change in income growth results in -0.86 poverty headcount meaning if income rises by 10 per cent, poverty will be reduced by 8.6 percent. Poverty gap with elasticity of -1.38 shows more decrease in poverty than headcount. Severity with elasticity of -1.72 indicates that with 10 percent increase in income growth, poverty will be reduced by 17.2 per cent. Severity (α = 2) is therefore the most poverty sensitive measure. Elasticity of total poverty with respect to inequality indicates that if inequality increases by 1 unit, Headcount (P0) increases by 0.095. Similarly, poverty gap (P1) of 1.26 implies that a unit increment in inequality pushes poverty up by 1.26. The trend continues with poverty severity index, P2 which increases poverty by 2.41 percent with a unit increase in inequality. Policies targeted at reducing inequality of opportunities among rural population will go a long way in alleviating poverty and in achieving the millennium Development Goal1.