The study assessed the impact of nomadic education extension programme co-ordinated by the National Commission For Nomadic Education on income of nomads in Adamawa state, Nigeria. Data for the study were obtained from 360 respondents using multi-stage sampling procedures. Descriptive and inferential statistics used for data analysis were percentage, chi-squares (x2) and two samples t-test. The result of the study indicated that there was positive impact of the programme (NEEP) on income and income generating activities of the nomads. The nomads who participated in the programme had higher income than those that did not. Also those who participated were divided / classified into diversified income generating activities than those that did not. Both chi-square analysis and test of means on income revealed that the programme had impact on the income of the nomads. The study recommended that if milk processing machines and industries are provided for the processing of their livestock products by Nigerian Government, the income of the nomads will be enhanced.
The study evaluated the food security and coping strategies of selected villages along River Rima affected by flood in Sokoto State, Nigeria. Eighty respondents were randomly selected across three out of nine local governments affected. Data were collected by the use of interview schedule. Descriptive Statistic, food Security Index and Coping Strategy Index (CSI) were used to analyse data collected. In total sample households, the incidence of food security, average food insecurity gap (depth) and square of food insecurity gap (severity) are 59%, 0.33 and 0.007 respectively. Results further revealed that among the coping strategies adopted by households due to flood, relying on less preferred and less expensive foods was the most common adopted while the least adopted by households was skipping whole days without meals. The study concludes that food insecurity in the study area is high and pronounced thus, a special intervention needs to be put in place either by Government or other donor agencies.
The study examined perception and utilization of family planning among rural farmers in Ondo state. The study spanned between June 2013 to February 2014. Seventy (70) respondents were selected using snow balling sampling technique. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Findings from the study revealed that 72.9% of the respondents were females while 27.1% of them were males. The mean household size was 6 persons where 80 percent had a household size of between 3-6 persons. The respondents attested that they were all aware of family planning through locally organized campaign by health workers, media and personal knowledge. The study showed that 99.5% of the respondents had access to health facilities. The results established that only 32% of the respondents had adopted family planning while 68% attested that they have never adopted family planning. The respondents agreed that family planning prevents large family size, helps mothers to regain their strength before the next birth and protects the health of the mother. The study recommends that family planning programmes should be organised and supervised by an experienced medical experts.
The performance of the agricultural export in Nigeria has been decimally, declining from 75 percent in 1960 to 1.63 percent in 2010. In response to this scenario, this study assessed the performance of various policy regimes that managed the resources of Nigeria from 1961 to 2010. This is with the goal of identifying the regime that is the best in growing the agricultural export sector for recommendation. The study estimated the exponential trend of the agricultural export and analyzed such growth under different policy regimes. Time series data were used. Data analysis involved the use of exponential or log-linear trend. The result of the trend analysis showed that Nigeria’s agricultural export did not fare well under the policy regimes except during structural adjustment (1986 – 1994) and liberalization (1995 – 2010) where acceleration was recorded in the short run. However, structural adjustment policy regime manifested positive characteristics which indicated that it has the best structure, among other regimes, in growing Nigerian agricultural export. The study advocated for policy of accelerated investment in public goods that supports agricultural production and marketing. This policy could be made possible through instituting Agricultural Trust Fund (akin to Educational Trust Fund) where certain percentage of proceeds from oil is saved towards agricultural development. This can be used to fund human capital development in agriculture, rural infrastructure, irrigation and power supply. The study further recommended a revisit of the Bretton Woods supported Structural Adjustment Program (SAP) with caution.
A study was conducted to determine the food and non- food pattern among rural artisanal fishery households in North Central Nigeria. Data used for this study was collected from a total of three hundred and twenty rural fishery households using a multi-stage random sampling technique. The main tools of analysis include descriptive statistics, budget share index and ordinary least square regression model. The study shows that about four-fifth, 77% of total monthly expenditure of fishery households were expended on both stapled and non-stapled food. The left over, 23% comprises of payments for energy, clothing, health, education and others. The results revealed that the average age was 43 years, mean education index of 2.1 years, household size of 8 and adjusted size of 6 and average monthly income of â‚¦11,350. The empirical results also revealed that adjusted household size (0.138), net fishery income (0.516) and years of schooling (1.53e-05) were factors influencing food consumption among rural fishery households. The study recommends the need to assist fishermen households to improve their fishery practices and diversify their sources of income in order to be able to meet their minimum food requirement especially during the off fishing season.
This study reviews peer reviewed journal articles on microfinance impacts, sustainability, and outreach over the period 1997 to 2011. The review suggests mixed results on the impacts of microfinance worldwide, and fails to discover a concrete relationship between outreach and sustainability. However, the review confirms microfinance institutions extend financial and non-financial services to the bottom of the pyramid ignored by traditional financial institutions and considered un-bankable. The paper contributes to extant microfinance literature and guides inexperienced microfinance practitioners toward further academic research and publishing their work in relevant journals.