Open Access Case study

Effects of Farmers’ Socio-economic Characteristics on their Perception on Cassava Production in Ondo State, Nigeria

O. V. Ayodele, S. D. Y. Alfred, R. A. Akinnmoyegun

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/22259

The study examined the effects of farmers’ socio-economic characteristics on their perception on cassava production in of Ondo State. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 120 respondents and a well-structured questionnaire was used to elicit responses on socio - economic characteristics and other relevant variables for the study. Both descriptive and inferential statistics among which mean, Chi-square and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC), were used to analyse the data. Results showed that the mean age for cassava producers was 43 years and 77.5% were males. Majority of the respondents were married (90.8%) with an average household size of 10 and 85% had formal education. Small farm size was prevalent in the study area with most respondents (60.8%), having less than 2.0 hectares and 57.7% had less than 10 years of farming experience. The average annual income from cassava was ₦183,333.33 with an annual average of cassava yield of 711.6 kg. Responses to perception statements by farmers on cassava production had a grand mean of 3.1 and 3.3 mean score for attitudinal statements. The main source of information on cassava production was from co-farmers. Chi-square analysis showed a significant association between farmers’ age (χ2 = 53.3, ρ≤ 0.00), sex (χ2 = 36.3, ρ≤ 0.00), marital status (χ2 = 178.9, ρ≤ 0.00), education (χ2 = 102.3, ρ≤ 0.00), household size (χ2 = 59.9, ρ≤ 0.00) except for religion (χ2 = 1.03, ρ≤ 0.309) and their perception on cassava production. The correlation analysis of income versus perception towards cassava added value showed r-value of 0.280 at 0.01 level of significance. It was therefore, concluded that, socio-economic characteristics of the farmers affected their perception of cassava production and recommended that farmers should embrace value addition so as to increase income generated from cassava production.

Open Access Original Research Article

Access and Use of Agricultural Extension Information and Services by Rural Women in Cameroon

Fon Dorothy Engwali, Manu Ibrahim Nformi

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/22544

This study examines the role of rural women in arable small-scale sustainable agricultural production in a developing country setting. Specifically, the study addresses rural women’s level of accessibility and use of agricultural production resources in the North West Region of Cameroon.  The objectives are to determine the extent to which rural women obtain and use agricultural extension information and/or services; and to assess the relationship between rural women’s access to and their use of agricultural extension information and /or services. The study relies on a one-shot case study design. Data collection consisted of surveying a randomly selected sample of 1,120 rural women involved in small-scale agricultural production. The data was analyzed using univariate descriptive analysis, Pearson correlation analysis, and one-way analysis of variance.  Results show that a majority of the rural women do not have access to and hence do not use agricultural extension information and/or services. There is a strong positive correlation between access to and use of agricultural extension information and/or services. Consideration in formulating and adopting agricultural policies that include rural women in decision-making, implementation, and evaluation of agricultural inputs and yields have been proposed for developing countries involved in subsistence agriculture.

Open Access Original Research Article

Economics of Work Motivation: Empirical Study of Agricultural Extension Workers in Western Ethiopia

Gutu Tesso

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/22557

In the agricultural sector, the success of the extension services’ delivery is directly proportional to extension agents’ level of commitment and work motivation. This article analyzed factors determining the level of development agents’ work motivation in the western part of Ethiopia. Respondents were selected randomly and work motivation; which is the dependent variable was ordered from lower level of motivation to higher level of motivation. The ordered logistic regression result revealed that interpersonal relationship, work itself, distance from residence, salary sufficiency, career opportunity, recognitions, personal life and job security were the most important factors in determining work motivation. Therefore, in the process of agricultural transformation, the government of Ethiopia, who is the sole implementer of agricultural extension system in the country, should be able to design appropriate mechanisms to address these determinants of work motivation so as to boost the motivational level and individual commitment among the extension workers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of Gender Roles in Palm Oil Production in the Northern Agricultural Zone of Delta State, Nigeria

Joseph U. Agbamu

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/19613

This study analysed gender roles in palm oil production in the Northern Agricultural Zone of Delta State. Four randomly selected Local Government Areas and 160 palm oil producers (80 males and 80 females) were used for the study. Multiple regression analysis, resource–use efficiency, percentages and t-test were employed in analysing the data. The gender responsibility profile showed that movement of fruits to processing site, sterilization, pulp pressing/milling, preservation and marketing were mainly done by women. Bunch harvesting, quartering of bunches, stripping, digesting and clarification were predominantly male activities. Results of regression analysis by gender showed that the quantity of oil palm branches, cooperative membership, the cost of processing method, and hired labour made significant contributions to quantity of palm oil produced by men and women. The result of t-test revealed that there was a significant difference between men and women in their level of palm oil production at 0.025 level of significance. There was no difference in resource-use efficiencies of men and women in palm oil production in the study area. On key decision-making areas of palm oil production, men dominated in three aspects, while women dominated in four out of seven aspects of decision making. Since there was no gender difference in resource-use efficiency, it was recommended that the inefficiency in the entire palm oil production system should be addressed. Men and women should strive to utilize better processing techniques that are less expensive and can save the cost of hiring labour.

Open Access Original Research Article

Endogenous Determinants of Adoption of Improved Rubber Production Technologies among Farmers in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

J. B. Effiong, J. C. Ijioma, M. O. Effiong

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/21779

The study examined the determinants of adoption of rubber production technologies by farmers in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study were to; describe the socioeconomic characteristics of rubber farmers and to identify factors affecting adoption of improved rubber production technologies by farmers in Akwa Ibom State. The study investigated reasons why farmers hesitates adoption of improved rubber production technologies and some endogenous problems such as age, income, farming experience, lack of appropriate technologies and illiteracy amongst others associated with adoption of improved rubber production technologies in the study area. A simple random sampling technique was used in selecting 192 farmers in the study area. Primary data generated from the survey were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as percentages, frequencies, averages and ordinary least square multiple regression analysis. The result showed that mean age of rubber farmers were 50 years. Respondents were shown to be fairly educated at various levels. The average rubber farmer had 20 years experience. Also, about 15 different improved technologies were identified by farmers from the regression result, R2 value was 0.717 with five variables being the major endogenous determinants of adoption of improved rubber production technologies. These include age, household size, farming experience, contact with extension agents and labor input. They were also statistically significant at various levels of probability. This calls for concerted effort by both researchers and government to ensure adequate and timely adoption of technologies that suit the needs and interests of farmers. Government should support the enterprise with financial grants to make grassroots agriculture attractive to farmers, hence creating employment and enhancing the general livelihood of the rural poor.

Open Access Original Research Article

Economic Analysis of the Input Use Efficiency among Cocoa Farmers in Taraba State, Nigeria

K. A. Oluyole, O. Taiwo, T. R. Shittu, A. T. Yahaya

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/10075

The study examined the economic analysis of input use efficiency among cocoa farmers in Taraba State, Nigeria. Data used for the study were collected from 115 randomly selected cocoa farmers in Taraba State of Nigeria. The study reveals that majorities (86.9%) of the respondents are male and 56.7% are of age fifty years and below. Majority (91.3%) of the respondents had formal education while 65.2% had more than 10 years of farming experience. The study further reveals that the farmers are operating profitably considering their per capita gross margin and net farm income of N6, 980 and N144, 450 respectively. Critical factors affecting cocoa output are found to be cost of pesticide, labour and cutlass which are all significant at 1% level. The study also reveals that the farmers are operating on an increasing return to scale given an elasticity of production of 2.64 and all the resources are underutilized. It is recommended that farmers should be given incentives such as subsidy or credit facilities to enable them procure the critical inputs particularly pesticide, labour and cutlass in cocoa production.