Open Access Case study

Socio-Economic Status of Coir Co-operative Societies Worker: A Case of East and West -Godavari Districts of Andhra Pradesh

G. Nagaraja

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/22916

Aims: The paper examines socio economic status of coir industry workers. The Coir Industry is one of the most important traditional small enterprises in India which provides employment to about 7 lakhs persons of whom a majority is from rural areas belonging to the economically weaker sections of society. Nearly 80% of the coir workers in the fibre extraction and spinning sectors are women. The Coir industry earns foreign exchange to the tune of Rs. 1425.77 crores in 2013-14 (Coir Board, Annual Report, 2013-14). The Development of Coir Industry has taken place in areas where there is concentration of coconut cultivation and availability of coconut husks. The major coconut growing states and union territories include Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa, Orissa, Assam, Andaman and Nicobar, Lakshadweep, Pondicherry etc. The study highlighted the socio economic status of coir industry workers in two selected district of Andhra Pradesh namely East and West Godavari District. 

Study Design:  Random sample method.

Place and Duration of Study: Two Districts of Andhra Pradesh state i.e., East and West Godavari District.

Methodology: The study used primary data collected from 1000 coir industries workers,

Objectives: The important objectives of the study are to study the working conditions of workers in coir industries, to analyze the income and expenditure pattern of workers in coir industries, to analyze the problems of workers of coir industries, to identify the living conditions of workers of coir industries in two Districts.

Results: The study area coir industries workers socio-economic status pathetic conditions. 

Central and state government should take necessary policy measures to improve the status of this industry workers.

Conclusion: It was recommended that government should fix the minimum wage system in order to cater the needs of the  workers, government should provide bonus to the workers regularly provide necessary working facilities to the workers in the working hours.

Open Access Short Research Article

Impact of Climate Change on Wheat Production in Nepal

Resham Bahadur Thapa-Parajuli, Niranjan Devkota

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/22555

Following the Ricardian approach, this paper estimates district level fixed effect panel regression on per hectare net wheat revenues with climate variables like precipitation and temperature including other traditional inputs. Both temperature and precipitation coefficients reveal that the climate change caused negative impact on net wheat revenues from wheat production but in a decreasing rate, ceteris paribus. The joint effect of the temperature and precipitation is also significantly negative. Quite trivial that other traditional inputs like population density, manure used, human labour, wages, advanced seed and fertilizer used are positively associated with net revenues. However, per hectare bullock used and tractor price are negatively associated to net revenue. The negative sign reported for the coefficients of quadratic proxy climate change variables but positive for their level form indicate that rising temperature and precipitation initially encourage wheat production in Nepal, but after certain threshold level it start hampering the yield.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Influence of State of Road and Ownership of Means of Transport to Smallholder Dairy Farmers’ Choice of Milk Marketing Outlet in Kipkaren Division of Nandi County in Kenya

Fredrick Odhiambo Ajwang, Catherine Ng’endo Munyua

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/22089

This paper examines the determinants of smallholder dairy farmers’ choice of milk marketing outlet using data from smallholder farmers in Kipkaren division of Nandi County in Kenya. Two main objectives were explored including the effect of the state of roads infrastructure and the ownership of means of milk transport to the market on the farmers’ choice of milk marketing outlet. The result shows that the state of the roads and the ownership of means of transport determined the farmers’ choice of milk marketing outlet in the division.

Open Access Original Research Article

Determinants of Rice Yield in Northern Region of Ghana, the Role of Policy

Mohammed Tanko, Abukari Iddrisu, Abdul Fatahi Alidu

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/22922

The paper estimates factors responsible for the variation of rice yield in Northern region of Ghana. A multivariate empirical regression model was used to determine the parameters of the internal and external factors that influence rice yield. The results from the double logarithmic regression model indicate that yield increased with producer price of rice and labour availability because of improvement in purchasing power and labour efficiency in farming activities. It was decreased with increasing harvested area and price of fertilizer due to fertility inadequacy in application and also increased with a rise in producer price of maize because of a shift in resource allocation in favour of maize production. It is important for government to improve farmers’ access to fertilizer and credit. This would increase fertilizer application on farms and strengthen the purchasing power of farmers to boost local rice production. The regressors explain about 77.24% of the total variation in rice yields. This suggests that, expansion of cultivated field should be accompanied by intensification measures to help mitigate the adverse impact from sole expansion of area harvested. The combination of the various factors in improving rice yield in Northern region of Ghana should be the main focus of stakeholders in agricultural development and not the mere thinking of expansion of cultivated area.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Financial Analysis of Apiculture Profitability in Bangladesh

M. R. Islam, L. Chhay, M. M. Mian, A. A. N. B. Nasry

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/22985

Aims: Apiculture is one of the potential businesses in Bangladesh. This study tries to examine, the profitability of apiculture practice by using financial analysis of investment costs and benefits.

Study Design: To evaluate the accurate and particular investment on beekeeping, entire data were categorized into two major sections on the basis of bee species Apis mellifer and Apis cerana. However, overall investment costs and benefits also analyzed to measure overall profitability.

Place and Duration of Study: Entire study data were collected from secondary sources and field questionnaire survey in Tangail District, Bangladesh in November 2014.

Methodology: Standard financial techniques were used to evaluate the investment costs and returns of beekeeping business, the sensitivity analysis was made by using net present value, internal rate of return, return of investment and benefit-costs ratio. A correlation of benefit and cost factors were simulating the effects of cost factors on beekeeping outcome. The ranking of beekeeping limitation was made on the basis of respondent opinion.

Results: The socio-economic status of beekeeper indicates that most of the beekeeper were young, lower educated, obtain basic beekeeping training from NGO and considered beekeeping as a part-time job. The sensitivity analysis shows that Apis mellifera bee species have a higher IRR than Apis cerana for a particular size of a beehive. The larger beehive obtains larger IRR, ROI, and B/C ratio. However, the average IRR is higher for Apis cerana (185.60), the bigger number of large beehive of Apis cerana contributing larger outcome. The correlation of beekeeping benefits and cost factors suggest that, overall profit is highly correlated with beehive colony, wooden box, labor and transportation cost.

Conclusion: Proper beekeeping training and effective marketing of honey and other beekeeping byproducts is highly desired by the beekeepers. Government concern and NGOs involvement is mandatory to improve beekeeper training, marketing, and overall beekeeping business, which could contribute to the socio-economic development of marginal farmers of Bangladesh.

Open Access Original Research Article

Efforts Exerted from Both Public and Private Sectors to Confront Saudization Obstacles

Thamer S. Al-Ghamdi

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/22966

Saudization has become nowadays a national requirement, because it is no longer an economic issue, but also associated with social and security issues, in our study focused on efforts exerted by both public and private sectors to face Saudization obstacles, in order to increase participation of national workforce in the labor market.

A descriptive analytical study conducted in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The study sample was selected in a purposeful sampling and data collected by personal interview questionnaire and revision of national records. Target population was officials in the research community, where selection was based on the role of these officials in the face of obstacles to Saudization from public and private sectors.

Study results revealed that obstacles facing Saudization can be divided into social, economic, educational and training obstacles and efforts exerted to face obstacles in front of Saudization from both public and private sectors vary, from regulatory efforts represented in the activity of the Ministry of Labor, training efforts represented in the efforts of Human Resources Fund, Chamber of Commerce and Industry, and General Organization of Technical Education and Vocational Training.

We conclude that there is some kind of agreement between public and private sector about existence of some obstacles preventing national work force from participating in the labor market which requires plans and strategies for jobs Saudization in both public and private sectors.