Open Access Original Research Article

Comparative Analysis of Profitability of Rice Production among Men and Women Farmers in Ebonyi State, Nigeria

C. Y. Okam, O. Yusuf, S. Abdulrahman, A. D. Suleiman

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/18391

Aims: Aims of the study were to estimate comparative analysis of profitability of rice production and its determinant in Ebonyi State.

Study Design: Primary data was used for this study. These were collected with the aid of structured questionnaire. Information on both irrigated and upland rice production was collected.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out in three local government area in Ebonyi State, Nigeria between August and November 2014 cropping season.

Methodology: Multistage purposive and random sampling techniques were employed for data collection.

Results: The information collected was subjected to various analyses using the production function analysis model and the gross margin equations. The coefficient of determination (R2) of the regression was 53% and 47% for men and women rice farmers respectively. The results indicate that out of seven variables included in the model, three (farming experience, cost of labour and cost of seed) were found to significantly influence rice profitability among male farmers while four (farming experience, cost of labour, cost of agrochemical and cost of seed) of the variables were significant at influencing rice profitability among female farmers. The Total Variable Cost (TVC) incurred by the male and female respondents averaged N73, 435.00/ha and N60, 906.80/ha, with a Gross Margin (GM) of N86, 328.00/ha and N62, 035.20/ha respectively. Gross Margin/Naira invested was 1.18 and 1.02 for the male and female farmers respectively.

Conclusion: Rice production was a profitable enterprise in the study area as significant profit was recorded per hectare of land cultivated. The study established that if male and female educated farmers are engaged in the production of rice and with proper access to credit, more profit will be realized, hence, the enterprise can serve as a means of employment for the populace as well as improving level of living of both male and female farmers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Institutional Support for Youth Agribusiness Cooperative Development and Management in Nigeria: The Oyo State Example

F. O. Issa, J. H. Kagbu

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/22323

This study evaluates the institutional support for youth agribusiness cooperative development and management in Oyo State, Nigeria. Specifically, this study described the socio-economic characteristics of the youth, measures their perception towards agribusiness, and identified the constraints militating against youth participation in cooperative agribusiness enterprises. The study employed a multi-stage sampling technique to select 6 youth cooperative groups (aggregating to 175 individuals); 36 youths; and 4 institutions across 6 LGAs in two agricultural zones of the State. Majority (55.6%) of the respondents belong to producer organization and earned an annual income of equal to or less than ₦100,000 (about $476USD) (58.1%). Also, majority (86.1) of the respondents participate in community development activities. Various benefits were indicated by the respondents as being gained from cooperative membership. Such benefits include access to credit (51.1%), access to group assets (34%), and financial assistance by the group (14.9%). Majority of the respondents (52.8%) did not receive any training. Oyo State Agricultural Development Programme (OYSADEP) was indicated as the agency which provided training for 74% of those who indicated to have been trained. Majority 63.9%, 58.3%), and 55.6% of the respondents indicated the need for training in cassava value addition, marketing strategies, agribusiness management respectively. Drudgery (100%), inadequate capital (97.2%), and low return on investment (88.9%) were rated highest among the constraints. It is recommended that regular training should be provided for the cooperatives by the agencies responsible. Also, adequate drudgery-reducing infrastructure should be provided by the Government while product buy-back should be instituted by the Government in order to stabilize agribusiness activities among the cooperatives.

Open Access Original Research Article

Implications of Irrigation Water Crisis on Socio-economic Condition of Farmers in Faisalabad District, Punjab, Pakistan

Sajid Fiaz, Noor Mobeen, Mehmood Ali Noor, Muhammad Muddassir, Muhammad Mubushar

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/22883

Agriculture is an integral component of Pakistan economy as sixty five percent of the population resides in rural areas and their livelihood primarily depend on agriculture. Pakistan has the world largest contiguous irrigation system. Unfortunately, the farming community is facing severe water shortage. Prime objective of current study was to explore the effects of canal water crisis on the yield of major crops and its socio economic implications on farming community of District Faisalabad, Punjab-Pakistan. A study sample of 160 farmers household was selected through multistage sampling techniques. Results showed that irrigation water shortage directly affects farming community economically and they have to rely upon tube well water for crop survival. Therefore, an increase in farmer's expense was seen for purchasing fuel for tube well engine. Our findings also showed that socio-economic problems due to water crisis, such as the lower crop production, loss of soil fertility, decrease in cultivated area, increase in poverty and frustration badly affects the life of farming community.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Climate Change on Soybean Production in Lapai Local Government Area of Niger State

F. D. Ibrahim, P. A. Ibrahim, A. I. Odine, A. J. Jirgi, R. K. Usman, A. Ogaji, A. U. Gbanguba

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/21886

The study employed a Ricardian Model to measure the impact of climate change on soybean production in Lapai local government area of Niger state. The study utilized time series data on climatic variables for the period 1980-2012 and primary data on socioeconomic background, production cost, yield and prices of output from 80 randomly selected farmers. Results showed that rainfall and humidity statistically affected the net revenue of soybeans at 10% and 5% levels of significance. Rainfall had a negative coefficient of -68399.5 implying that as rainfall increases, output of soybeans decreases and subsequently the net revenue reduces. The interaction variable between rainfall and temperature and humidity and temperature were significant at 1% and 5% respectively. This suggests that the interaction effects of rainfall and temperature and humidity and temperature had significant effect on the net revenue of the soybean farmers in the study area. Findings also revealed that the critical value for marginal impacts is the annual temperature implying that 1mm increase in rainfall would reduce net revenue of  soybean by N68,369.82/ha. From these findings, it is recommended that farmers should concentrate on mitigation effects against increased rainfall by planting towards the ends of the rains or before the rains fully establishes.

Open Access Original Research Article

Socio-economic Determinants of Adoption of Recommended Agrochemical Practices among Crop Farmers in Kaduna and Ondo States, Nigeria

F. O. Issa, T. K. Atala, J. G. Akpoko, S. A. Sanni

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/22423

This study analyzed the socio-economic determinants of adoption of recommended agrochemical practices of agrochemicals (RAPs) among crop farmers in Kaduna and Ondo States of Nigeria. A total of 260 crop farmers who have sustained the use of agrochemicals for at least five years were selected for the study using multi-stage sampling technique. Descriptive statistics (mean and percentages) and inferential statistics (Multiple regression) was used for data analysis. Data was collected using pretested, structured interview schedule. The results obtained revealed that adoption of RAPs is positively significantly affected by being experienced, literate, cosmopolite, and social participation in both State at varying level of significance. There are no exclusions to adopt RAPs based on age, farm size, gender, household size, and social participation. This study therefore, recommends that regular training on the use of agrochemical should be organized for farmers by extension agencies in collaboration with relevant stakeholders. Also, all forms of communication through the print and electronic media should be used by extension agencies in appealing to farmers to enhance their positive attitude in adoption of RAPs.

Open Access Original Research Article

Backyard Chicken Production Skills of Rural Women in Yucatán, México

Ola M. S. Elkashef, L. Sarmiento-Franco, J. F. J. Torres-Acosta

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/24330

Aims: The study was conducted to identify the skills level of backyard chicken production practices used by rural women in Yucatan, Mexico.

Study Design: A questionnaire was used to collect data from the chicken owners, the dependent variable in this study was the skills level of chicken production practices.

Place and Duration of Study: 204 women raising backyard chickens were drawn in the four selected villages in the Peninsula of Yucatán, between May and August 2013.

Methodology: A structured questionnaires were designed to measure the skills level of women regarding their chicken production practices (feeding, housing, health care, management and purpose of production). This approach was analytical study among the studied villages.

Results: The results showed that the majority of the respondents (76%) had medium and low skill levels regarding production practices, meanwhile, a small proportion of women can be categorized in the high skill level (24%). There were no significant differences (P = .59) for production practices among the villages. Findings also showed that low economical sources, high feed cost, diseases, unavailability of training programs, unawareness by ethno-veterinary treatments, insufficient of technologies /inputs and extension services, in that order, were the most severe constraints affecting production practices.

Conclusion: The study concluded the medium skills level of backyard chicken production practices for rural women in the selected villages.