The awareness for azolla sp (Azolla pinnata) cultivation was created among the rural people in eastern zone of India by Coochbehar Krishi Vigyan Kendra, West Bengal by conducting residential and non-residential training programme on successful azolla production. The training was conducted during January, 2015 to June 2015. The purpose of this study was to identify the adoption percentage of azolla trainees and its distribution among the different independent variable selected for the study. The study was conducted on the respondents of Coochbehar district, West Bengal during December, 2015 to January 2016. The research design was followed in the study was survey research method. The sample size of the study was 200. The dependent variable of this study was adoption and independent variables were age, gender, education and caste. The descriptive statistics like frequency, percentage, range were used for the investigation. This study had shown the relation of the adoption of the azolla production with the different independent variable.
This study examined the effects of goat production on the livelihood of women based on data from 150 farmers selected purposively and equally from Igabi, Chikun and Kajuru Local Governments Areas of Kaduna State, Nigeria. The objective of the study was to assess the socio-economic effects of goat production on the livelihoods of women in the study area. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics and Likert scale. The study showed that the effects of goat rearing on the level of living of the women in the study area were positive based on increase in savings, income, household food security and household assets. About 91% of the respondents reported an increase in household income while 83% observed an increase in savings. Increase in household food security was recorded by 91% of the respondents. About 96% of the women recorded an increase in household assets. The major constraints encountered by the women in order of importance included loss of goats through death and theft; absence of credit facility; absence of cooperative society and absence of hands-on training on goat rearing. To enhance the potential of goat rearing as a strategy for alleviating poverty in rural communities, concerted efforts should be made by the government and other relevant agencies to raise awareness of recommended practices on goat production through radio and extension advisory services. Credit facilities in form of young goats, high quality feed materials and veterinary drugs should be made accessible to women involved in goat production to encourage the adoption of recommended practices on goat production for increased productivity and better level of living.
The impacts of climate change in Bangladesh's coastal belt are on increase in temperature, changes in cropping, irregular rainfall and increased salinity. The coastal belt farmers are usually following single cropping with rice in rainy season. This has lead to decrease in biodiversity, loss of soil fertility and increased use of crop care products. This action Research was conceptualized as a Lab to Land activities with 3200 farm families over a period of two years in 8 locations of Patuakhali, Barisal and Borguna. The aim behind the research was to bring changes in the cropping practices, which would tackle climate change enhance their livelihood. Each family comprised of a male and a female farmer. It aimed at increasing biodiversity through cultivation of cereals, vegetables, pulses and oilseeds apart from rice. The women members were trained for cultivation of vegetables through year round homestead gardening. This increase in biodiversity through rotation of crops adaptive to climate changes will lead to better use of the soil, retain fertility and the water table. Biodiversity has already started increasing, since the participatory farmers have begun to realize the importance of crop rotation and a healthy cropping pattern. For example, crops which are less water consuming than Boro rice are being cultivated. Mung bean cultivation has increased along with total available nitrogen. In conclusion a diverse climate smart cropping pattern will emerge and may lead to environmental sustainability.
The study investigated the effects of membership of Rice Farmers Associations (RFAs) on size of rice fields and rates of selected farm inputs applied among rice farmers in Kaduna State, Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used for the selection of 94 respondents comprising of 47 members and 47 non-members while semi-structured questionnaires were used for data collection. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics and z-test. Results of the study showed that apart from age, there were no significant differences in socioeconomic characteristics of members and non-members of RFAs in the study area. Membership of RFAs did not have any significant effects on size of rice field and rates of fertiliser and herbicide applied. Consequently the study recommended that the capacity of RFAs should be strengthened by the relevant frontline agencies of government to make them more effective. Secondly, the government should ensure that rice farmers regardless of their group membership status have access to agricultural extension services and farm inputs necessary for increased productivity.
The study analyzed the impact of the Deposit Money banks’ credit on investment in Nigeria. Time series data for thirty one year period 1981 to 2012 were collated from secondary sources of the central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) statistical bulletin and was analyzed through Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression technique with the aid of E-view to test the hypotheses formulated in line with the objectives of the study while the unit root, Variance Inflation Factor (VIF) and Heterosckedasticity white Test were used for data stationarity and diagnosis. In order to achieve the objective of this study, Deposit Money banks credit to the private sector (DMBC) and the Lending Rate of the Nigeria economy are used as explanatory variables while investment (INV) is the dependent variable. The empirical results of this study shows that both total Deposit Money banks credit and Interest rate exert a positive and significant impact on investment in Nigeria. However the result of the interest rate is at variance with the a priori expectation. Considering the empirical results, the study conclude that Deposit Money Banks’ credit to the private sector should be sustained as it is a viable source of finance to the private sector of the of the Nigerian economy. The study therefore recommended that greater efforts should be made to make available more medium and long term loans to the productive sectors such as the manufacturing sector, agricultural sector and SMEs as they constitute an integral growth process. Also Interest rate on credit facility granted to private sector should be significantly reduced.
The main focus of this article was to examine whether or not there are comparative advantages of farmers’ organization-based (FBO) extension service over services provided by other agencies. “Advantage” here means demand driven, effective and sustainable extension services. The approach here was to review published work and unpublished documents with a thematic approach. The content and context of free public extension and paid FBO-based extension in smallholder dairy systems of Bangladesh were examined. The impact of the services on farmers’ quality of life was also examined. Considering the global evidence, this article recommends that vigorous and market-oriented dairy cooperatives, with honest and efficient leadership, can create an advantageous alternative to the weak State-provided extension services. Such cooperatives can promote agricultural growth and rural development as well. The sustainability of those FBOs which are self-organized and address strongly-felt needs was high. The sustainability of those cooperatives which were hurriedly-organized by external actors was less so. The authors recommend a special dairy development plan of the Government organized around cooperative extension, can offer training to the staff and interest free credit to the farmers, for establishing processing plants to promote sustainable dairy farming and improved livelihoods.