Open Access Short Research Article

Sorghum Farmers’ Access to Agricultural Information Related to Water Stress Adaptation Strategies through ICTs in the Semi-arid Region of Cameroon

S. Abou, A. Madi, C. Njomaha, A. Wakponou, L. Mcopiyo, T. B. Thi Thu, F. U. Espiritu

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-17
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/17195

This article addresses the problem of farmers' access to agricultural information through Information and Communication Technologies (radio, telephone, agricultural magazines). The purpose of this research work is to assess sorghum farmers' access to ICTs, and ICTs’ contribution to the diffusion of agricultural information related to water stress adaptation strategies. The study was conducted in the Diamaré division from September 2011 to December 2014. The choice of the study area and sites was influenced by both ICTs’ access and sorghum production basins. In all six hundred farms’ household heads from twenty villages were randomly selected and submitted a questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (W Kendall test of agreement, chi-square test). It appears that radio is the farmers’ most used and most preferred ICT, while agricultural magazines are perceived as the most effective ICT in terms of dissemination of information related to water stress adaptation strategies. The phone is the ICT that has mostly contributed to the effective diffusion of the water stress adaptation strategies currently in use by farmers. The ICTs’ features that attract farmers include diversity of broadcast languages, diversity of agricultural information disseminated, and ability to facilitate direct communication between actors. To promote broad dissemination of agricultural innovations through ICTs, agricultural stakeholders must consider all the above results, while integrating farmers and journalists in all phases of the process. The integration of the agricultural innovations’ diffusion through ICTs in the agricultural policies and the ITCs’ operators’ agendas is a priority.

Open Access Original Research Article

Adoption of Improved Herbicides Spraying Technology among Farmers in Ayamelum L.G.A of Anambra State, Nigeria

S. I. Ume, V. E. Uloh, T. Nwaneri, D. A. Adikwu

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/17877

The study analysed the position of the farmers in Ayamelum L.G.A. of Anambra State in the adoption of improved herbicide spraying technique. A total of one hundred (100) herbicide sprayers were selected using multi-stage random sampling technique for the detailed study. Data for the study were generated through the use of structured questionnaire and oral interview during the 2010-2011 cropping season. Descriptive statistics such as percentage was used to determine the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers and constraints to their adoption of herbicide spraying technique. Logit analytical model was used to determine the levels of farmers’ adoption of the technology. The major findings of the study indicated that farmers had positive attitude towards adoption. The result further revealed that income, educational level, membership of cooperative societies/organization and extension contact were the major determinants of adoption. The major constraints to herbicide technology transfer were; poor extension contact, inadequate fund and low literary level of the respondents. Considering the impact of the aforementioned variables on the adoption process, the need to increase farmers’ access to; agricultural credit scheme, extension contact and education should be intensified.

Open Access Original Research Article

Applying Participatory Rural Appraisal to Unlock Gender Group Differences in Some Communities in Rural Cameroon

Roland Azibo Balgah

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/28327

Aims: The relevance of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) in promoting community participation, enhancing sustainable development in rural communities, and its capacity to succeed where other approaches fail is well recognized in the rural development literature. Some PRA tools have been widely applied empirically for gender analysis than others. This paper analyzes gender differences through the less-applied access and control profiling.

Study Design: Cross sectional, empirical survey.

Place and Duration of Study: North West region of Cameroon, 7-30 October, 2014.

Methodology: Two rural divisions were purposively selected. One division had difficult road access, while the other was fairly accessible. Four rural villages (two from each division) were randomly selected. Access and control profiling was applied separately with different gender groups. In each village, a group of 30-35 self selected men, women and youths were guided by the research team to implement the tool separately. Access and control over resources was scored on a likert scale from 0 to 4, in ascending order of importance. This was complemented by focused group discussions and key informant interviews.

Results: Huge differences were observed in access and control over resources between gender groups within and across communities. Men were generally found to have the strongest access and control over resources under difficult accessibility and higher rurality ( Capture51.JPG =2.9), while women dominated under higher accessibility and lower rurality conditions ( Capture52.JPG =3.6). The youth generally lagged behind men and women in both communities ( Capture53.JPGParticipatory rural appraisal =2.0). Results suggest a relationship between accessibility, rurality and gender based access and control over different resources.

Conclusion: The need to consistently do gender differentiated PRAs prior to community intervention, as prerequisite to achieving gender balanced sustainable development of rural areas in developing countries is emphasized. This is best done on case by case basis in order to capture case-specific dynamics.

Open Access Original Research Article

Adoption of Improved Cattle Management Practices in Dairy Cooperative Societies among Women Farmers in Arid Region

Suman Sharma, J. P. Lakhera, L. S. Bareth, Manmeet Kaur

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/28366

The present study was conducted in the Bikaner district of Rajasthan to find out the extent of adoption of improved cattle management practices by the women. A list of women engaged in cattle management practices was procured from Uttari Rajasthan Sahkari Dugdh Utpadak Sangh Limited (URMUL). The respondents were selected by using proportionate random sampling procedure from 18 dairy co-operative societies of 6 selected milk procurement routes. Therefore, a total number of 120 women respondents of dairy co-operative societies were drawn for the present investigation. Data were collected with the help of pre-tested semi-structured interview schedule. The findings of the study revealed that majority (56.67%) of women respondents were in medium adoption category followed by low (28.33%) and high (15.00%) adoption groups. Relatively more number of cross-breed cattle owners fell in medium adoption group as compared to indigenous cattle owners. Both type of respondents adopted, management, breeding and feeding practices to a large extent. Minimum adoption was found in health care aspect of improved cattle management practices.

Open Access Original Research Article

Use of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Practices by Kalia Upazila Farmers in the District of Narail – Bangladesh

Debashish Das, Md. Sekender Ali, Kh. Zulfikar Hossain, Md. Javed Azad, Tanushree Mondal

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/26249

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of use of IPM practices by the farmers and to examine relationships between farmer’s selected characteristics and their use of IPM practices. Those characteristics were age, education, farm size, annual family income, training exposure on IPM practices, farming experience, extension contact, problem faced in IPM practices, knowledge on IPM practices and attitude towards IPM practices. Data were gathered from 103 farmers of the villages of Joynagar, Naraghati, Tona and Khasial of Khalia Upazila under Narail district in Bangladesh by using proportionate random sampling method. Pearson's Product Moment Co-efficient of Correlation was the statistic used to examine the relationship above indicated. The findings revealed that 61.10% of the farmers were medium users of IPM practices while 21.40% were high users and 17.50% were identified as low users of IPM practices. The correlation analysis indicated that farmer’s age, education, farming experience, knowledge on IPM practices and attitude towards IPM practices revealed significant positive relationships while problem faced in IPM practices displayed a significant negative relationship with their use of IPM practices. The rest of the characteristics assessed such as farm size, annual family income, training exposure on IPM practices and extension contact showed no significant relationships. The finding leads to the conclusion that there is a great scope to increase the use of IPM practices by the farmers.

Open Access Review Article

Agricultural Extension in the Facilitation of Improved Sugarcane Productivity among Small Scale Growers in Swaziland: A Swot Analysis

Mbuyazwe M. Dlamini, Steven H. Worth

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/27094

Sugarcane production especially among the small scale growers in the rural areas of Swaziland has continued to be an area of great concern not only to the sugar industry but also to the country’s economy as a whole mainly due to its continued downward trend in terms of productivity. This is further worsened by the different production challenges facing the industry including economic, production and management challenges. Agricultural extension emerges as the main player in the industry that can bring a positive response towards improved productivity of these small scale growers. Using the connectivity that exists between sugarcane production and the extension service, this study presents a philosophical argument exploring the role that agricultural extension can play in the realization of the sugar industry’s goal of improving the small scale grower productivity. Drawing from relevant published works, this paper argues that extension is particularly well positioned to address small scale sugarcane production challenges through improved teaching and learning, promotion of farmer group formation, strengthening of stakeholder linkages, improved information management and technology adoption.