The main objective of this paper was to assess and evaluate the performance of the Comprehensive Agricultural Support Programme (CASP) in the Musekwa Valley. This paper proposes a corrective approach to the complexities experienced at the programme. Primary data were collected from Fifty five (n=55) households using a questionnaire-based survey. Field work, Focus Group Discussion (FGDs) and Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) were also employed to collect data. The results revealed that the CASP was used to supply agricultural infrastructure. However, the programme experienced intertwined complexities. Poor infrastructure was supplied. The infrastructure was also being extensively vandalised. Social capital and social entrepreneurship could be adopted to address the complexities. A follow-up study on the vandalism of infrastructure is imperative.
The benefits of the green revolution greatly improved agricultural productivity. However, there is a demonstrable need for a new revolution that will bring lower prices for consumers (through reduced waste and more-efficient supply chain management), contribute to agriculture, and incentivize farmers (for example, through higher income) to increase their production. ICT is one of these solutions, and has recently unleashed incredible potential to improve agriculture in developing countries like India. Information and communication have always mattered in agriculture. Ever since people have grown crops, raised livestock, and caught fish, they have sought information from one another. Thus the important contribution made by ICT provides the necessary basis and justification for the present research study on “Use of Information and Communication Technology by farmers to access agricultural Information in Jorhat District of Assam with following objectives i) To study the personal and socio-economic characteristic of farmers, ii) To find out the type of ICT used by farmers to access agricultural information and iii) To determine the purpose of using ICT by the farmers. The present study was carried out in Jorhat districts of Assam, India to find out the use of ICT by farmers to access agricultural information. For the study two blocks namely Jorhat development block and North west development block were selected randomly. From each block two villages, total four villages were selected randomly. Then, from each village twenty five (25) farmers were selected randomly thus altogether 100 farmers were selected for the present study. Data was collected personally by interview method. The findings revealed that 62.00 per cent of farmers were from the medium socio-economic status group, the majority of farmers (51.00%) used radio to get agricultural information and three main purposes in seeking agriculture information using ICT are information of new technology, market information and disease and pest control measures. So, it can be concluded that that radio was used by majority of farmers. Radio as traditional ICT is still seen as highly effective method of information dissemination and it is the most widely used means of mass communication.
Aims: This study examined risk attitudes and poverty status nexus among fish farmers in Nigeria.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in Ondo State, Nigeria between July, 2014 and October, 2014.
Methodology: Multistage sampling procedure was used to select 200 fish farmers from Ondo State. Descriptive statistics, Foster Greer Thorbecke Poverty Measures, Safety-First Model and Ordered Probit Regression Model were used to analyse the data.
Results: Findings from the study indicated that 42.5% of the respondents were poor as majority of the respondents identified Natural risks (29.0%) and Economic risks (30.4%) as the sources of risks. The study further revealed that majority (57.0%) of the respondents in the study area were high risk-averse. Experience, household size, income diversification, poverty status, membership of association and tertiary education were the significant factors that affected fish farmers’ risk attitudes.
Conclusion: It could be concluded that poverty status significantly influenced the risk attitudes of the respondents, which is an indication that there is an important connection between poverty status and risk attitudes among fish farmers in the study area. Therefore, individuals, government and non-governmental organizations should put programmes and policies that are capable of alleviating poverty in place in order to improve the ability of fish farmers to take risks in the study area.
The career of an extension agent can be challenging as well as rewarding depending on the job duties and family responsibilities. Agricultural extension agents play a critical role towards the survival of extension related activities that improve the production and sustainability of farming communities for future generations. In today’s workforce, employees must able to balance work productivity and supporting family with the best time management practices. Past research regarding extension agents who were involved with 4-H activities shows a high level of stress due to different job responsibilities, which effects work quality and family responsibilities. The current research studies extension agents involved with 4-H programs in the United States to measure correlations between work and family responsibilities through the implementation of the Locke-Wallace Marital Adjustment Test (LWMAT). The level of stress accumulated by extension agents is caused by more than marital lifestyle [t(178.56) = -3.48, p < .01, d = .36]. The regression model of agents’ scores on the LWMAT also hints that other factors may be influencing the marital distress, as the regression model developed from the significantly correlated variables explained only 16% of the variance in the agent’s scores of marital distress. We suggest different coping mechanism for this “Sandwich Generation” to relieve stress based on prioritizing, planning, and building a strong social network.
Agricultural biotechnology has exhibited that it can assume a role in raising and to overcome the requirement of food, feed and fiber need. However, for agricultural biotechnology to be compelling and beneficial to the end-user, agricultural extension services must be successful in achieving high rates of adoption. One of the main responsibilities of Agriculture Extension Officers (AEOs) is to identify and meet the training needs of farmers for emerging techniques in agriculture such as biotechnology. Due to this utmost importance technical competencies of AEOs were evaluated to examine existing self-perceived and required levels in biotechnology in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan. Respondents were asked about their acquired technical expertise in the field as well as the level required for effective performance. The acquired and required levels of competencies were determined on five point likert scale (1 = ‘very low’ and 5 = ‘very high’). The study revealed significant differences in the technical competencies of AEOs based on their participation in training program and professional qualifications. Professional qualifications and regular trainings were found to be highly related to the technical efficiency in agricultural biotechnology. The differences were considered as training needs of the AEOs to improve their competencies for better service delivery in agricultural biotechnology.
Aims: To compare food security status of households in Ondo East (a rural) and Ondo West (a urban) Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Ondo State, Nigeria.
Study Design: A comparative cross-sectional study design was adopted for the study.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in the two LGAs in September, 2012.
Methodology: A multi-stage stratified cluster sampling technique was used to select 420 (rural) and 406 (urban) households’ primary caregivers in the LGAs. A structured questionnaire, administered at interview was employed to assess socio-economic characteristics and food security status among participants. Household wealth index, estimated using principal component analysis was classified into five quintiles (1 indicating lowest to 5, highest) while households that affirmed to 3 or more of 18-statement food-insecure conditions were classified as being food insecure. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square test and logistic regression, with the level of significance set at 0.05.
Results: A total number of 850 households were visited, out of which interview took place in 826 (420 rural and 406 urban households), giving a response rate of 97.2%. Slightly above a quarter (28.1%) of the households in the urban areas were food secured compared to 10.5% in the rural. Household food insecurity status was determined by low educational status of care givers in both areas (rural: OR=0.4, 95% CI=0.2-0.6, urban: OR=0.6, 95% CI=0.5-0.9) and being in the first wealth quintile in the rural (OR=8.3, 95% CI=2.7-25.7) and third for urban areas respectively (OR=2.8, 95% CI=1.1-7.3).
Conclusion: Rural-urban inequality in accessing safe and nutritious foods observed could be improved by implementing nutritional programmes focusing on school feeding, particularly in the rural areas.