Open Access Original Research Article

Descriptive Analysis of the Effectiveness of Livestock Extension Services Delivery among Dairy Farmers in District Peshawar

Asif Nawaz, Muhammad Zafarullah Khan, Abdur Rehman, Rehmat Ullah

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/28644

The instant study analyzes farmer’s perception about the livestock extension services in district Peshawar. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select three villages and proportional allocation method was utilized to select 80 dairy farmers from the three selected villages. Primary data was collected through interview schedules from the selected respondents. Field data showed that 36% of the respondents contacted livestock and 67% of the respondents responded that livestock officer paid visit to them. Majority of the respondents (69%) were not satisfied from the services of livestock and dairy development department. The study concludes that livestock and dairy development department did not provide satisfactory facilities nor training regarding improved dairy technologies was provided. Livestock extension officers were also not found fulfilling their jobs accordingly by visiting the farmers on regular basis which compels the dairy farmers to consult private clinics at high cost. It is suggested therefore that independent monitoring unit should be established to ensure livestock officer to pay regular and frequent visits to the farmers to educate the dairy farmers which will build and restore the trust and confidence of the dairy farmers on livestock extension department alongside improving their dairy production.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Returns from Cassava Production and Processing on Poverty among Women in Abia State, Nigeria

Nwafor Solomon Chimela, Anosike Chinwe Monica, Adegbola Adetayo Jacob, Ogbonna Kelechi Nkem

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/28525

Aim: To determine the impact of returns from cassava production and processing on poverty among rural women in Abia State, Nigeria.

Study Design: Survey.

Place and Duration of Study: Abia State, between July 2015 to April 2016.

Methodology: Random sampling technique was used to select 120 women- 60 cassava farmers and 60 cassava processors- from selected rural communities in Abia State. Descriptive statistics which included frequency distribution means and percentages, as well as inferential statistics which included farm budgetary tools, head count method of estimating poverty indicators, paired t-test at 5.0% alpha level and Gini coefficient model were used to analyze the data.

Results: The mean age of cassava farmers and the processors were 44 and 56.4 years respectively, and their mean annual income was found to be ₦234,580.67 and ₦198,280.33 respectively (1 USD = #400). Average total cost incurred per hectare of cassava production and per cassava processing household was ₦27, 812.93, and ₦33 146.16 respectively. Average revenue from cassava output and cassava processing was found to be ₦87, 836.67 and ₦79, 836.67 respectively. Cassava production enterprise had an average net income of ₦60, 023.74 per farmer per hectare, average profitability Index (PI) for all farms was 0.68, and Rate of Returns on Investment was 215.81%, Benefit-Cost Ratio was estimated to be 3.16. The processing enterprise had an average net income of ₦46, 690.51 per processing household. The average PI for all farms was 0.58, Rate of Returns on Investment was 140.9%, and the Benefit-Cost Ratio was estimated to be 2.41. The mean per capita income and mean per capita expenditure for the cassava producers and processors were ₦27, 296.00 and ₦ 16,566.00  and ₦16, 100.28 and ₦11, 684.8 respectively.

Conclusion: Cassava production and processing in the area were profitable and has pivoted to be a veritable occupation that can lift a lot of rural women out of the pit of poverty; the return on investment in cassava is like no other. Access to extension services and credit was shown to be a bane to rural women making the best from cassava. To this end, it is recommended that extension bodies both public and private do more to educate rural women in agriculture, especially those in cassava production and processing on effective ways to source for credit to scale up their investments in cassava.

Open Access Original Research Article

Women’s Participation in Natural Resource Conservations in Giwa Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria

H. O. Yusuf, A. I. Lawal

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/28117

The study was conducted to assess the role of rural women in natural resource conservation in Giwa Local Government Area of Kaduna State. A multistage sampling technique was used to select respondents for this study. The first stage involved the purposive selection of Giwa Local Government Area. Secondly, 5 villages were randomly selected and 20% of the women from each of the villages were randomly selected. Primary data were collected from 120 respondents using structured questionnaire. The study revealed that the usage of indigenous knowledge had influence on women's participation on management and conservation practices. The study also showed that, the major problems encountered by rural women in conservation practices are plant diseases and pollution. It was recommended that, sensitization in rural communities by government so as to fight ecological destruction. Degradation of natural resources gradually diminishes the capacity of women in the study area.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessing Empowerment of Farm Women: The Case of Barisal Sadar Upazila

Israt Jahan, A. T. M. Sanual Haque, Md. Golam Rabbani Akanda, Md. Kamrul Hasan

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/30203

The study was conducted to determine the extent of empowerment of the trained farm women and also to explore the influential factors of their empowerment status. The study was conducted at 5 villages of Kashipur union in Barisal Sadar upazila in Bangladesh. Data was collected from randomly selected 114 women from these villages using a pre-tested interview schedule during 2 February to 10 March 2016. The overall empowerment status scores of the farm women ranged from 28 to 83 against a possible range of 0 to 126. The sampled women had a low-medium level of empowerment (M = 48.23). Among the five dimensions of empowerment, psychological and economic empowerment dominated over the other dimensions. Coefficient of correlation showed that out of 10 selected characteristics of the farm women, education, family education, annual family income, savings, training experience and communication exposure had positive significant relationships with their empowerment status.

Open Access Original Research Article

Resource Productivity among Small Scale Maize-Cowpea Farmers in South West, Nigeria: A Translog Function Approach

O. Oduntan, T. T. Amos, J. O. Oseni

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/30172

This study assessed the productivity of small-scale maize-cowpea farmers in South-Western Nigeria. One hundred and eighty respondents were selected using a multistage sampling technique. Primary data were collected through the administration of a well-structured questionnaire and analysed using a combination of descriptive statistics, budgeting analysis, stochastic frontier translog cost and production function Analysis and multiple regression model. Maximum Likelihood Estimates of the Stochastic Frontier Translog Production Function results showed that the coefficients of labour, agrochemicals, farm size and seed had significant effect on the technical efficiency of maize-cowpea farmers in the study area. Most of the interaction terms among the second order coefficients significantly influenced the technical efficiency. Maximum Likelihood Estimates of the Stochastic Frontier Translog Cost showed that the price of agrochemicals, price of implements, and price of labour had significant effect on the total cost of production. The return to scale was 0.86 indicating that the maize-cowpea farmers were operating at positive decreasing returns to scale. The results of allocative efficiency measurement showed that the allocative efficiency varied widely across maize-cowpea production, ranging between 0.41 and 1.00 with the mean of 74% implying that, in the short run, there is possibility of increasing allocative efficiency in maize-cowpea production in the study area by 26% if the farmers would adopt the technology and production techniques currently used by the most efficient farmer. Arising from the findings of the study, some recommendations were made for increased productive efficiency and income of maize-cowpea farmers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Measurement of Production Efficiency: A Case of Indian Agricultural Production in Post Reforms Period

Pia Ghoshal, Bhaskar Goswami

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2016/30669

The paper examines the production efficiency of agricultural system in regions of India using state level data for the period 1990-91 to 2004-05 and for 2005-06 to 2013-14. Stochastic production frontier model using panel data, as proposed by Battese and Coelli (1995), has been used for estimating the efficiency variations taking an integrated effect model into consideration. State level mean efficiency estimates ranges from 0.9660 to 0.4369 during 1990-91 to 2004-05 and from 0.8648 to 0.4805 for 2005-06 to 2013-14. The statistically significant efficiency variables are rate of rural literacy, rate of rural technical education, total state road length per unit of area and share of agricultural NSDP to state NSDP and the major inputs were net irrigated area and consumption of pesticides for the period 1990-91 to 2004-05. For the period 2005-06 to 2013-14, institutional credit, consumption of fertilizers and consumption of pesticides shares a significant and positive relation with the level of production. The total state road length per unit of area and share of agricultural NSDP to state NSDP are found to reduce inefficiency in agricultural production.