Open Access Original Research Article

Viability of Community Income Generating Activities (CIGAs): Case of Agricultural Processing CIGAs in the Donga-Mantung Division, North-West Region of Cameroon

Guillaume Hensel Fongang Fouepe, Jean Bruno Soko Eyango

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-16
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/32189

This article brings out the analysis of Community Income Generating Activities (CIGAs) for the processing of agricultural products in Donga-Mantung Division, North-West Region of Cameroon. The main objective was to analyze the financial, technical and managerial performances of these CIGAs. More specifically to: (i) identify and characterize CIGAs and the beneficiary Farmers’ Organizations (FOs); (ii) verify the pertinence of these CIGAs; (iii) analyze constraints to the viability of these CIGAs; (iv) make critical balance sheets of some support actions to peasant organizations promoting the CIGAs. Data was collected from literature review, field observations, and surveys with FOs and development actors. 

The analysed data reveal that: (i) the promoters of those CIGAs are found in all five councils of the Division. They are Common Initiative Groups (CIGs), associations or cooperatives initiated to improve the income of the members. The cost per CIGA varies from 770 000 FCFA to 19 400 000FCFA ; (ii) despite their relative contribution to improve revenues of FO, those CIGA are not more pertinent but are effective as regards their objective to improve income; (iii) 40% of the CIGAs are viable in the organizational aspects, 48% in technological aspects, 0% in financial aspects and 48% in environmental aspects; (iv) The main monitoring problems identified are the lack of planning and budgeting of activities, poor keeping of administrative and accounting records. A series of recommendations are made to the government, developers and peasant organizations to ensure the viability of CIGAs. Policy makers should continue funding or subsidizing CIGAs, without which the efforts of the FOs to eliminate poverty will be in vain. Ensure sensitization and follow-up of grants recipients should be at the centre of their activities. Organizations and development programs should multiply the sensitisation actions of FOs for the effective consciousness of their role in improving economic conditions; multiply the support measures for a good grip and sustainability of committed CIGAs; ensure the definition and signature by the FOs, a convention on collective management of equipment received to mitigate the conflicts arising from the management of these equipment; and help in conducting feasibility studies prior to the implementation of CIGAs by FOs. Furthermore, peasant organizations should understand their roles, and involve key actors of economic development in the fight against poverty; put in place specific management committees for CIGAs to facilitate management and monitoring; plan and budget their activities; and finally provide regular financial reports and take stock in order to assess the level of profitability.

Open Access Original Research Article

Characterization and Challenges of Melon Farmers in Enugu Ezike Agricultural Zone of Enugu State, Nigeria

J. C. Iwuchukwu, G. O. Ekeh

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/29309

The study described the socio-economic characteristics and challenges of melon farmers in Enugu-Ezike Agricultural zone of Enugu State, Nigeria. Three blocks, nine circles and ninety melon farmers constituted the sample for the study. Data were collected through an interview schedule, while percentage, mean score and factor analysis were used in analyzing the data. Findings revealed that on average, the respondents were about 53 years, had household size of 9 persons and 11.4years of farming experience. They spent ₦4,394.6 on melon production and realized ₦7,455.4 from it annually on average. Majority of the respondents cultivated local variety (77.9%) of melon in a farm located far away from their residence (91.1%) in a mixed cropping (81.8%) arrangement. They grew melon during rainy season (83.3%) using organic manure (52.2%). Melon produced were sold immediately after harvest (68.9%) to consumers (75.6%) in their homes (68.9%). Physical, institutional, stress/economic related problems were extracted based on factor loadings as challenges of melon farmers in the area. Thus, there is need for government to make appropriate agricultural policies that will guarantee farmers suitable land, inputs, infrastructure and advisory services so as to unleash the potentials of these farmers and channel them towards sustainable agricultural and economic growth and development.

Open Access Original Research Article

Agricultural Sector Performance and Nigeria’s Economic Growth

Eze Onyebuchi Michael

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/31828

The study investigated the contribution of agricultural sector output to the growth of domestic economy in Nigeria for the period 1980-2014. Specifically, the study examined the causality between agricultural sector and economic growth, as well as the impact of the sector on the growth of the Nigerian domestic economy. Cointegration test, Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) and Granger causality test were utilized in the analysis. The variables employed in the investigation include real gross domestic product (RGDP), value of agricultural output (VAO), foreign private investment (FPI) and financial development (FD). A stationarity test was conducted through the application of the Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) stationarity test, and the result showed that all the variables except RGDP were non-stationary at level; however, the variables such as VAO, FPI and FD became stationary after first differencing. The cointegration result indicated long run equilibrium relationship among the variables under study. The VECM result on the other hand, showed that value of agricultural output (VAO) has positive and insignificant contribution to real GDP. Thus, it is estimated on average that 1% increase in the value of agricultural sector output (VAO) would lead to 1.9% increase in real GDP. Furthermore, the Pairwise Granger causality result showed that significant causality exist between the two variables, with causality running from agricultural output to RGDP. It therefore, implies that agricultural sector output contributed positively and insignificantly to the growth of Nigerian domestic economy. Therefore, the study recommends that government should increase its budgetary allocation on agriculture in order to boost the growth performance of the sector. Similarly, the study recommends that government should strengthen agricultural credit agencies to enable them monitor and ensure efficient disbursement of fund disbursed to farmers in the country. In that, diversion and mismanagement of agricultural sector fund in Nigeria would be discouraged, and hence, agricultural output would improve.

Open Access Original Research Article

Accounting Cost of Irrigation in Sugarcane Production: A PAM Approach to Conventional, DRIP and SSI Methods in Tamilnadu, India

P. Asha Priyanka, M. Chandrasekaran, E. Nandakumar

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/31570

India has a comparative advantage in producing sugarcane. Sugarcane being a highly water consuming crop, more than 80 percentage of groundwater irrigation is done through deep-well pumping. Whereas faster depletion of groundwater stocks in 93 percentage of sugarcane cultivating area in India is revealed. Drip and Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative (SSI) are two cultivation methods reducing water consumption. The study was conducted in Tamil Nadu, a major contributing State to production in India. This research is a comparative study on various sugarcane cultivation methods, iterating the comparative advantage of the State by accounting the cost of irrigation water thru Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) from which trade indicators could be derived. The indicators from PAM have shown that a developing country like India could be in a disadvantageous position when cost of irrigation water is accounted and urges the need to disseminate improved technologies such as drip system and SSI in sugarcane production.

Open Access Original Research Article

Dynamics in Theeramythri Activity Groups: Analysing Coherence among the Group Members

Shyam S. Salim, N. R. Athira, Reeja Fernandez

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/31032

The present study was conducted among the SAF -Theeramythri activity groups of Kerala across the nine coastal districts which focused on identifying the perception of the leaders and followers of the activity groups in its functioning. The benefits gained by the leader as well as the follower, short comings in the current functioning, group cohesiveness, nature of leadership existing in the groups and the future requirements were discussed in the study. The results indicated  that majority of the respondents have economically benefited from SAF after joining the activity groups. The Pearson correlation indicates that the relationship between the leader and follower is high for the decision making (0.41) and least for conflict management (0.29) which has a huge  impact in the effective functioning of an activity group. The Garette ranking results go in tune with correlation analysis entrusting the high interrelationship of the members and the followers of the activity groups. Moreover the study identified the constraints in the current functioning of activity groups and suggest for suitable interventions by installing effective confidence building mechanisms among group members.

Open Access Original Research Article

Component Wise Knowledge of Respondents Regarding Fruits Processing and Preservation Activities

Varsha Hada, Vishakha Bansal

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/31049

The objective of the present study was to identify the component wise knowledge of respondents regarding fruits processing and preservation activities. The study was conducted in Badgaon and Girwa panchayat samities of Udaipur district of Rajasthan state of India. From each panchayat samiti, two villages were included in the study. The sample consisted of randomly selected 100 rural women, 25 from each village. Interview method was used for data collection. Frequency and percentage were used for analysis of data. Finding of the study reveals that respondents had poor knowledge in fruit processing and preservation activities namely- Fruit selection (70.66 Mean Percent Score), Washing (56.75 Mean Percent Score), grading (36.75 Mean Percent Score), packaging (26.29 Mean Percent Score), marketing (22 Mean Percent Score) and storage (16.30 Mean Percent Score). This might be due to lack of knowledge among respondents regarding these components.