This study examined the level of accessibility to GESS inputs among the dry season rice farmers in Sokoto State. Two hundred and fifty registered GESS farmers were randomly selected and data was collected using a structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistical tools were used to analyze the data. The result revealed that majority of the farmers fell between 30- 39 years, and 93.6% were married. With regards to farmers levels of education, 14.4% have primary education, 21.6% have secondary education, 14% with tertiary education, while 45.2% with Qur’anic education. Based on the findings, majority of the farmers have access to fertilizer (62.8%), improved seed (57.6%) and agro-chemical (55.6%). Majority (74.4%) of the farmers attributed registration with GESS programme as the major factor that determines access to GESS package. The identified key constraints to registered GESS farmers, were untimely supply of inputs, inadequate production inputs and manipulation of GESS register by agro-dealers. Therefore, for effective and sustainable GESS programme there is need for timely and adequate distribution of GESS inputs and GESS register should not be tempered with.
Productive growth exits side by side with food insecurity just as planned supply does not equate actual soybean supply at all times in Nigeria. Hence, the need to invistigate the speed of response of planned supply of soybean to actual supply for food security is imperative. Time series data spanning from 1960 to 2012 on unit domestic prices, output supply, export prices and volume, acreage and weather condition (rainfall) from CBN and NBS annual bulletins were used for the study. Analyses were done with descriptive statistics, simple ratios and econometric models such as Nerlove partial adjustment and Cob-Dauglas models, cointegration test and error correction mechanism (ECM). The supply fluctuated in a downward trend from 186.9% within 1986-1990 to 4.6% before 2012. The ECM showed a short-run divergence for all the included series with 34.4% of the disequilibrium in the supply of one period being corrected in the next period. There is an inelastic but positive domestic and export prices in the short-run, which slightly improved in the long run, hence the reason for the extended growth in supply. Again, increased rainfall and acreage will increase actual supply, suggesting that irrigation and expanded area of land for soybean cultivation needs immediate attension. Adjustment co-efficient of 0.888 is less than unity and positive, hence the rise in actual supply is never instantaneous but strives to meet the planned supply. Increase in actual production, using cost-effective inputs like expanded land and irrigation facilities are important.
This paper focuses on application and documentation of Indigenous Traditional Knowledge (ITK) which is a local knowledge that is unique to a given culture or society. It is a key element of the social capital of the poor and constitutes their asset in their efforts to gain control of their own lives. The flow of indigenous knowledge communication is necessary for preservation, development and sustainability of local wisdom. The study is based purely on secondary sources. Indigenous traditional knowledge system consists of an integrated body of knowledge system which tends to focus on different aspects of agricultural sciences i.e. agriculture, home science, animal care & soil and water conservation. It can be concluded that traditional knowledge is vital for the well-being and for sustainable development as it has evolved after thousands of years of observation and experience. By linking the indigenous knowledge systems of the people with farmer, research and extension, the output of researches can be made more fertile and usable. The participatorytechnologies that are developed through ITK integration will provide diversified technological options. Being low in cost, it will also benefit national economy besides sustainable agricultural development.
The study was conducted on yield gap analysis in adoption of production technology of mango by the farmers at Tumkuru district. Ten villages were selected and out of which twenty farmers were selected from each for the study, ten belong to big and small farmers category. Total 200 sample size were selected, the data were collected through personal interview, Frontline demonstration, Off-campus and On-campus training programme. Observation was recorded that 20 per cent of yield gap between demonstration plot and actual farmers plot in mango. The total yield gap between potential yield and actual yield was 50%. Majority of the big farmers (63%) and small farmers (50%) were at medium level of adoption. Majority of the big farmers (more than 80%) fully adopted the production practices like plant population per hectare and pit size, whereas more than 90 per cent of small and big farmers have not adopted production technology such as spraying with mango special as micronutrient, application of Paclobutrazol for regular bearing in Alphanso mango variety and using improved mango harvester for drudgery reduction. Significantly adopted by the big farmers in production technologies such as recommended farm yard manure application (55%), recommended quantity (730:180:680 NPK g/plant/year) of inorganic fertilizer application (58%) and powdery mildew management (46%). More than 70 per cent of small farmers have not adopted technologies such as selection of grafted seedlings (71%) and fruit fly management (70%). But significantly not adopted by the small farmers in production technology viz., selection of improved variety (62%), selection of grafted seedlings (71%), recommended quantity (730:180:680 NPK g/plant/year) of inorganic fertilizer application (72%) and powdery mildew management (63%). High cost and inadequate availability of labour, erratic supply of electricity, lack of knowledge regarding pest and disease management, unawareness about nutrient management and high cost of inputs were the major production constraints perceived by the Mango growers. A great majority of big and small farmers opined that providing crop insurance, availability and supply of improved seedlings and inputs at right time, research efforts for development of cost effective simple technologies for pest and disease management and conducting demonstration cum training programmes were necessary to overcome the constraints.
This research aimed at identifying and evaluating farmers’ knowledge in Opolski County towards the role of extension services in the agriculture development, identifying the farmers’ knowledge in Opolski County in each item/statement of research (in scheduled questionnaire) and identifying correlation between the farmers’ knowledge and independent variables in the research. For data collection, a questionnaire was designed and tested, in accordance with said objectives. It was consisted of two parts, first part including the personal variables that were related to farmers’ socioeconomic characteristics (age, education level, farm size, contact degree with information sources and methods of agricultural production). The second part included the scale for farmers’ knowledge towards the role of extension services in the agricultural development, this scale was consisted of 20 statements (items).
The results showed that the farmers’ knowledge in Opolski County towards the role of extension services in the agriculture development was medium tending to high degree. The results also showed that farmers’ knowledge was high in the statement, ‘Agricultural extension methods help in transferring agricultural information and new knowledge to farmers’. The results also showed there was significant correlation between farmers’ knowledge and variables (age, contact degree with sources information and methods of agricultural production). There was no significant correlation found between knowledge level and independent variables (education level, size of farm).