Open Access Original Research Article

Demand for Agro Processed Food Products: An Evidence from Indian Households

P. G. Chengappa, M. Umanath, K. Vijayasarathy, Pradeepa Babu, C. M. Devika

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/32091

There is an increased growth in the value addition sector which in turn leads to the development of agro-industries, it is important for all stakeholders involved in production, processing and marketing of agricultural products to understand the demand dynamics for processed food products and its determinants in Indian households making use of the National Sample Survey Organization data revealed that the per capita expenditure on processed foods had increased by over 52 per cent in both rural and urban areas in the year 2011-12 over 2004-05. Per capita income and product prices were identified as the major determinants of consumption of processed food products. The income elasticity estimates obtained through Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System (QUAIDS) model were positive and high for most agro processed foods particularly for milk based products and fruit juice. This implies greater business opportunity for agro food processing sector in India as per capita income and population growth are on the increase. The processed food products were highly responsive to changes in their own prices as indicated by high own price elasticity. Cross price elasticity estimates led to the conclusion that the changes in the quantity demanded of the processed foods are independent of changes in the prices of the other processed products.

Open Access Original Research Article

Smallholder Vegetable Farmers and Marketing Choices: Implications for Inclusiveness of Farmers to Markets

Divya Rajanna, Wolfgang Bokelmann, Eric Obedy Gido

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/31683

This study has evaluated the factors that influence the smallholder farmers selection of marketing channels to sell vegetables. The marketing channels include cooperative, regulated and conventional market. The primary data were collected from a random sampling of 100 vegetable growing smallholder farmers from Karnataka, India. Personal interview was conducted with the help of semi-structured interview in the field survey. Ten variables describing the socio economic, product and market factors were considered for the analysis. Data revealed that farmers were selling their produce in one or more than one marketing channels. The multivariate probit was used to analyze the co-relation in the choice or selection of the marketing channels. Empirical findings reveal that the factors such as extension activities, subsidiary occupation, lower vegetable area, higher quality checks, and nearest distance influence the farmers selection of the cooperative market, while the distance influence the selection of the regulated market and lesser quality checks influence the selection of the conventional market.

Open Access Original Research Article

Utilization of ICTs in Agricultural Extension Services of Bangladesh

M. S. Islam, M. E. Haque, M. S. I. Afrad, H. M. Abdullah, M. Z. Hoque

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/31207

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has become the most influential means of disseminating information required by the people globally. Bangladesh has made remarkable progress to effectively start using ICT for agricultural extension services. Therefore, the present study was carried out to explore the extent of ICT's utilization by the field level extension personnel under agricultural extension service delivery system. A sample of 110 Sub Assistant Agriculture Officers (SAAOs), were selected as respondents from five upazilas of Manikganj district of Bangladesh following proportionate random sampling technique. Data were collected through face to face interview, case study and Focus Group Discussion (FGD) methods. Utilization level of ICTs was measured considering two aspects i) collecting information and ii) providing services. Statistics like range, mean, standard deviation, Chi-square and correlation analysis were used. Findings revealed that a total of 52.7 percent and 97.27 percent respondents used mobile phone regularly for collecting information and providing services, respectively. Considering the two perspectives, ICT was the most utilized for collecting information followed by providing service by the respondents. Among different ICT tools, mobile phone was highly used by the respondents both for official (93.64%) and personal purpose (100%). Overall utilization of ICT was very low. Only 12.7 percent and 5.5 percent respondents highly utilized ICTs for collecting information and providing services respectively. A total of 48.2 percent and 79 percent respondents had low level of utilization of ICTs for collecting information and providing service respectively. Positive and significant relationship was found between training exposure, source of information use by the respondent, job satisfaction and perception on ICT, with their utilization of ICT in agricultural extension services. As the respondents are solely depending on mobile, so other modern mobile based technology could be easily acceptable for them and it could be a vital solution for proper utilization of ICT in agricultural extension service.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Extension Interventions on Capacity Building of Tribal Backyard Poultry Owners in Mandla of Madhya Pradesh

Jitendra Singh Yadav, Malay Kumar Mandal, Ruchi Singh, Suman Sant

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/32119

The study investigates the impact of extension interventions on capacity building of tribal backyard poultry owners in randomly selected six villages of Narayanganj and Niwas blocks of Mandla district by Random proportionate sampling (RPS) method. Data were collected through a structured interview schedule from 60 respondent’s (30 from each block) tribal poultry owners by personal interview method and they were analysed using percentage frequency and chi-square. Suitable extension interventions like group discussion, awareness cum animal health treatment camps, exposure visits, training programmers were applied in the study areas. The capacity building of poultry owners were measured on the basis of improvement in knowledge and change in attitude towards scientific poultry farming practices. The chi-square test was applied ‘before’ and ‘after’ interventions of various extension strategies. The study showed a significant improvement in the knowledge and attitude of tribal poultry owners after extension interventions. It concluded that the capacity building of poultry owners were increased on the basis of improvement in knowledge and scientific farming practices.

Open Access Original Research Article

Value Chain Analysis of Turmeric in Northern Karnataka, India

Vinod Naik, S. B. Hosamani

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/31382

The present study is an attempt to assess the economics of production, farm level processing and to identify and evaluate the different marketing channels which are involved in the marketing of turmeric in Northern Karnataka. For the study, 96 farmers practicing the cultivation of turmeric in both Bagalkot and Belagavi district were selected randomly. The data collected from the respondents was analysed using budgeting technique. The data pertained to the 2011-12 agriculture year. The estimated per acre cost of cultivation was more in the case of Belagavi district than that of Bagalkot district whereas, the gross returns and total marketing costs were higher in the case of Bagalkot district. The B: C ratio was found to be profitable in both the districts. With respect to marketing cost incurred by the market intermediaries, it was more in the case of wholesalers. Results of the marketing efficiency showed that, channel-III was the most efficient marketing channel, thus selling of turmeric to the processors through commission agents/traders was said to be an efficient marketing channel.