Open Access Case study

Factors Leading to Decline of Coffee in Vihiga County, Kenya

C. Lugado, C. Omukoko

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/32808

Coffee is grown in many countries in the world including Africa and America. Kenyan coffee has been known to be among the country’s agricultural exports and contributes greatly to the growth of Kenyan economy. Coffee production yields has been declining from a peak of 128,700 metric tons per year to an average of 49,088 metric tons. Many industries have tried to address the issues identified to be contributors to the decline but the problem of production of coffee has not been fully solved though there is slight increase in production. The establishment that was under study was small scale farmers of coffee in Vihiga County, Vihiga Sub-county. The primary sources used during data collection include; interviews, observation and questionnaire while secondary sources used were; library research journals, textbook and factory publications. The target population of the study was 300 small scale farmers in Vihiga Sub-county. Ratified sampling technique was used to compare views among coffee producers from various coffee societies and farmers in the area. Data analysis was both quantitative and qualitative using descriptive statistics and data collected was analyzed using statistical program for social as (SPSS).Pests and diseases as well as poor management if adequately addressed by the government can help to increase production.

Open Access Original Research Article

Extent of Adoption of Improved Animal Husbandry Practices by Dairy Farmers of Morar Block in Gwalior District

Nemi Chand Meena, S. K. Badodiya, Kamni Paia Biam

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/32985

Recent advances in animal husbandry technologies have demonstrated potential for maximization of milk productivity and all these requires adoption of improved technologies. The present study was conducted to assess the extent of adoption of improved animal husbandry practices by dairy farmers of Morar Block in Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh. Simple random sampling method was used to select 120 dairy farmers as respondents. The findings revealed that reproductive practices like artificial insemination at proper time of heat with semen of good bull was regularly adopted by 80.00 per cent of the dairy farmers, regarding nutritional practices provision of ad libitum clean and fresh water was regularly adopted by 85.00 per cent of dairy farmers, washing of hands and udder before milking was the management practices regularly adopted by 96.67 per cent of the farmers. To control disease, prompt reporting of outbreak of a contagious disease to the local veterinarian was adopted by 76.67 per cent of the dairy farmers. Marketing practice like obtaining loans from nationalised banks instead of private money lender to purchase inputs for dairy farming was continuously adopted by 63.34 per cent of the farmers. The final study reveals that 58.33 per cent of the respondents had medium level of adoption of improved animal husbandry practices.

Open Access Original Research Article

Economic Performance of Zero Tillage Technology in Maize under Agency Tracts of Andhra Pradesh

V. Govardhanrao, P. Venkata Ramana

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-4
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/32455

The research work mainly concentrated on economic performance of zero tillage in maize under agency tracts of Andhra Pradesh during five continuous years from 2011 to 2016 at different farmers’ field locations of Andhra Pradesh. The improved research variety  DHM-117 with improved technology like zero tillage, spacing, recommendeddose of fertilizers etc, revealed that mean grain yield (9.30 t.ha-1) and increased yield over control (39.80%)which recorded US$ 924.56 ha-1 (Ninehundred twenty four US$) and a B;C Ratio of 3.53 when compared to local check.

Open Access Original Research Article

Sustainable Livelihood System of the Tribes in Chhattisgarh State of India: A Tribe’s Perspective Analysis

Ashish Kumar Gupta, M. L. Sharma

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/31812

An attempt has been made in this paper to investigate the sustainable livelihood system of the tribes living in Bilaspur district of Chhattisgarh during the year 2014-2015. The ex-post facto research design was employed for this investigation. The sample size of 135 tribes was selected randomly from the nine villages of the Bilaspur district. In this study in order to assess the overall sustainable livelihood system of the tribes the six capitals of sustainable livelihood namely human capital, physical capital, natural capital, social capital, financial capital and information communication capital were analyzed. The findings of this study depicted that the tribes had 40.17% extent of status with respect to their overall sustainable livelihood. With regard to six capitals of sustainable livelihood it was found that the tribes had medium level of extent of status for their human and social capitals while for remaining four capitals they had low level of extent of status. Correlation analysis indicated that out of 15 selected variables, only 13 variables were significantly correlated with extent of sustainable livelihood either at 0.05 or at 0.01 level of probability. The R2 value of multiple regression analysis reveals that all the selected 15 variables in the study jointly exhibits 66.40% contribution towards variation in the extent of sustainable livelihood of the respondents. From this study, it may be concluded that for increasing the existing level of sustainable livelihood of the tribes the emphasis should be given to improve all six capitals in general and physical, natural, financial and information communication capitals in particular. In this way, findings of this study will helps the planners and policy makers in planning and implementation of more relevant, ground based and successful tribal development programmes and policies in the Bilaspur district in particular and in the Chhattisgarh state in general.

Open Access Original Research Article

Socio-economic Characteristics of ATMA (Agricultural Technology Management Agency) Extension Functionaries in Assam and Their Relationship to Their Training Needs

Priyanka Das, Sajib Borua

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/32993

The most prominent step in improving the skills of extension functionaries is to analyse their training needs. The ATMA (Agricultural Technology Management Agency) Extension Functionaries are always engaged in effective transfer of improved agricultural technologies to service agencies for increasing agricultural production. They act as the nervous system in the process of communicating the latest agricultural knowledge from lab to land. So, it is of utmost importance to update their knowledge and skill periodically according to their needs through systematic and continuous in-service training programme. The aim of the present study was to find out the socio-economic characteristics of ATMA extension functionaries and determine the relationship between those socio-economic characteristics with their training needs. The study revealed that age, educational qualification, service experience, length of service in the present place of posting and training exposure had a negative and significant relationship with training needs of the ATMA extension functionaries.