Open Access Original Research Article

Rural Women’s Participation of Local Development: A Case of the Women Shareholders of Vakifli Development Cooperative

Esen Oruç, Meral Uzunöz, Nurgül Karadoğan

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/33435

Agricultural cooperatives play an important role in supporting small agricultural producers and marginalized groups such as young people and women. They empower their members economically and socially and create sustainable rural employment through business models that are resilient to economic and environmental shocks.

Women are represented in various forms and types of cooperatives in Turkey, but, the ratio of women membership in agricultural cooperatives is extremely low. Women in rural cooperatives often produce food items and handicrafts. The mind-sets of cooperative members are often not oriented toward the consumers or the market. Taking pride in their products, they struggle with valuing their products according to consumer tastes rather than the quality of their homemaking skills. These products may be intended for the local market or for export. For local market, a key issue is transport to urban areas. For export, it is important to build relationships with reliable partners. In term of the activities performed by women, in 2004, a cooperative founded in which Vakıflı village of Hatay province has a unique characteristics called Turkey’s change makers. Our paper focus on the activities, economic and social acquisitions implemented obtained by women’s branch of Vakıflı Development Cooperative. We also investigate social and economic returns in terms of the cooperative’s members and inhabitants of village. Thus, we aim to evaluation alternative solutions (especially for rural areas suffered from large population migration) taking into account a case, Vakıflı Development Cooperative. To reach study aims, we conducted face to face interviews using by full census method with women shareholders of Vakıflı Development Cooperative.

Open Access Original Research Article

Sustaining Agricultural Cooperative: The Picture in the United Kingdom, Japan and Nigeria

Otung Idorenyin Antigha, Akpaeti Aniekan Jim

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/33322

This study was conducted to understand how agricultural cooperatives in the United Kingdom and Japan have managed to remain resilient compared to Nigeria in their roles in the farming sector. A comparison of the development of agricultural cooperatives in United Kingdom (UK), Japan and Nigeria was carried out using secondary data obtained from the ministries of agriculture, international organisations. Data obtained was analysed with descriptive statistics. The results reveal that the total number of agricultural cooperatives in Nigeria was about a hundred times more than that in the UK and eight times that in Japan suggesting that numbers decline with development. In the UK membership declined from 324,772 in 1982 to 150,000 in 2011, a 53.8% decline while the number increased in Japan (5%) from 9,234,138 in 2006 to 9,740,311 in 2011. Membership increase was considerable (65.4%) in Nigeria from 2.6 million in 1989-1992 to 4.3million in 2005. The turnover values for the UK and Japan were $4 billion and $50billion respectively. The paper recommends the need for amalgamation of agricultural cooperatives, strengthening the 3-tiered cooperative structure and appropriate institutional environment to foster development of agricultural cooperatives in farming sector laden with peasant farmers such as in Nigeria. This would increase their effectiveness, competitiveness and position viz a viz other player on the food chain.

Open Access Original Research Article

Influence of Traditional Institutions in Farmer-herder Conflicts Management in Borno State, Nigeria

Makinta, Maina Mohammed, Hamisu, Sa’adu, Bello, Umar Faruq

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/33129

The study was conducted to assess the influence of traditional institutions in Farmer-Herder conflicts management in three selected Local Government Areas (Damboa, Jere and Magumeri LGAs) of Borno state, Nigeria. Mutistage sampling technique was used to select 225 sample size respondents which include farmers (150) and herders (75) respectively. A structured questionnaire and interview schedule were used to collect data for this study which was analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage) and PRA (Pair wise Ranking) tool. The results revealed that (89.3%) of the respondents are of the opinion that, the most preferred strategies for managing conflicts between farmers and herders in the study area are the traditional institutions. Results in Table 2 shows that the farmers ranked the resolution of conflict through the payment of compensation as the first while the herders (Table 3) ranked it second. However, the study recommend that the traditional rulers in conjunction with all the stakeholders at the village level should maintain routine or annual meetings with farmers and herders for the avoidance of conflict between the farmers and herders in the area. Also, traditional institutions should be strengthen through constitutional amendment, thus, to return their power to adjudicate conflict in the rural areas which had been taken away by the 1976 Local Government Reform.

Open Access Original Research Article

Welfare Impact of Rural Infrastructural Development in Oyo State, Nigeria

Kehinde O. Olagunju, Gyorgy Neszmelyi, Kunle F. Oguntegbe, Trendov M. Nikola, Adebayo I. Ogunniyi

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/33325

Aims: To assess the impact of rural infrastructure on poverty status of rural households in Oyo State, Nigeria by profiling the socioeconomic characteristics of the rural households; identifying the infrastructural facilities available by poverty status in the study area as well as examining the impact of access to infrastructural facilities on poverty status of rural households in Oyo State.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried out in Akinyele Local Government area of Oyo state, in Ibadan, Nigeria. Akinyele local government area occupies a land area of 464,892 square kilometers with a population density of 516 inhabitants per square kilometer. Oyo State is located in the South Western part of Nigeria and has 33 Local Government Areas with estimated population of 6,617,720.

Methodology: Data were collected from a random sample of 263 households through the use of well-structured questionnaires. The data were subjected to descriptive statistics and inferential statistics such as Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) poverty measure and Probit regression model.

Results: The results revealed that about 77% percent of the households were categorized as poor. The likelihood of rural households being poor was influenced by years of experience, livelihood diversity, access to good road, access to educational facilities, access to agro-processing facilities, access to health care facilities and access to electricity.

Conclusion: The poor state of infrastructure and services calls for major investments across all categories which was found to have contributed to negatively to improved welfare of households in the study area. It is therefore recommended that rural poverty reduction polices should be designed to provide incentives and attract private sector investments towards infrastructure development in rural areas at affordable cost.

Open Access Original Research Article

Role of Community Based Organizations on Poverty Status of Fish Processors in Kogi State, Nigeria

S. Jibrin, R. S. Olaleye, R. U. Bako, H. Sallawu, A. I. Oseghale

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/33283

Fish is highly perishable and need to be processed immediately they are caught but the processors lack the capital and other necessities to carry out their processing activities. The study examined the role of community based organizations on poverty status of fish processors in Kogi State Nigeria. Data was collected with the aid of structured questionnaires and interview schedules from 192 randomly selected respondents in the study area and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results revealed that fish processing is a female dominated business in the study area and average household size was 4. Analysis of poverty status indicated that almost 40.0% of fish processors were below the poverty line using ₦383 per dollar official exchange rate. Provision of improved processing equipment, training on processing and gaining higher social status are some of the benefits derived by members of CBOs. Some of the constraints faced by the respondents were inadequate capital (86.5%), unavailability of loan (68.8%) and high cost of transportation (41.7%). Based on the findings, it was recommended that CBOs should be supported and strengthened financially by government and nongovernmental organizations to empower women.