Open Access Short Research Article

A Study of Farmers' Information towards the Importance of Using Organic Fertilizers in the Lubertsky-Poland District

Ahmed Awad Talb Altalb, Tadeusz Filipek, Piotr Skowron, Mehmood Ali Noor

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/33789

Present study was aimed to assessing the level of farmers' information towards the importance of using organic fertilizers in Lubartowski County, to assessing the level of farmers' information in each statement towards importance of using organıc fertilizers and identifying correlation between the farmers' information and independent variables (age, education level, size of farm, contact degree with information sources, average production) in the research.

Questionnaire was designed to obtain data from farmers (respondents). It included personal variables related to farmers’ socioeconomic characteristics: (age, education level, size of farm, contact degree with information sources, average production) and also included of 20 statement about using of organic fertilizers. The total number of farmers in the sample were 70 farmer. The dependent variables were measured through the scale for farmers' information in the use of organıc fertilizers, it was consisted of 20 statements with 4 alternatives/options against each statement: ‘I use it significantly, I use it moderate, I use it slightly and I do not use at all’.

The data was collected during the period of 2016. Data was analyzed through Pearson correlation coefficient and Equation of Spearman-Brown.

Results explained that level of farmers' information towards the importance of using organic fertilizers is medium. The results also showed that the statements which took first three ranks according to the centennial weight of statements and respectively are (use the organic fertilizers for increase the humus content in the soil, Use the organic fertilizers for comprehensively supply plants with slowly mobilized, use the organic fertilizers in the surface and rapidly covered with soil for reduce odor and ammonia’. Also, the results found there were a positive correlation between the level of farmers' information towards the importance of using organic fertilizers and the independent variables (Education level, contact degree with sources information. The results didn’t showed significant correlation between the level of farmers' information towards the importance of using organic fertilizers and the independent variables (age, size of farm, average production).

Open Access Original Research Article

A Critical Analysis of Farmers Field School on Nutrient Management, Processing and Value Addition in Little Millet in Tumakuru District of Karnataka, India

Roopa B. Patil, B. Mamatha, M. H. Shankara, T. S. Sukanya

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/32044

Millets are of minor importance in the west but a staple food in the diets of African and Asiatic people. Their agricultural importance arises from their hardiness, tolerance to extreme weather and could be grown with low inputs in low rainfall areas. With this background the Farmers Field School programme was conducted in the Patrehalli village of Tiptur taluk, Tumakuru district, Karnataka, India. Totally 25 beneficiaries were selected for the programme and systematically implemented with technical sessions on improved production practices, value addition, processing, branding and marketing. The result reveals that, There was significant change in the soil nutrient was observed after effective management of nutrient during cropping season based on soil test analysis report in the initial stage. With this, there was a reduction in soil pH from 6.9 to 6.27, Electric Conductivity (pH) from 0.62 to 0.37, Organic Carbon percentage increased from 0.19 to 0.24. 68 percentage of beneficiaries were unaware of a new variety of little millet OLM-203 and 32% of farmers were known about importance of soil sampling before the implementation of the programme. And after the implementation of the programme majority (88%) of the beneficiaries had knowledge on new variety OLM-203, preparation of specified products. A good number (92%) of them were aware about importance of soil sampling, value added products of little millet, nutritional importance / health benefits and skill on milling, winnowing and labeling of value added products to get higher market price. With respect to economic analysis of the implemented programme, they obtained an yield of 10.10 Q against adoption of recommended practice (11.60 Q). Farmers have made an gross cost of Rs 11469 and obtained Rs 25,250 as gross return with their traditional practice and obtained benefit cost ratio 2.20. Because of intervention of KVK in little millet nutrient management practices, they made an gross cost of Rs 12,245 and obtained gross return of Rs 29,000 and benefit cost ratio of 2.36. KVK has organized technological interventions in scientific processing, packaging, branding and channelized with suitable marketing. With this the beneficiaries have made an gross cost of Rs 4700 per quintal for the above practices and obtained an gross return of 8000 per quintal with benefit cost ratio of 1.70.

Open Access Original Research Article

Performance Review of the Bank of Agriculture in Katsina State, Nigeria

Ahmad Muhammad, Zhang Guang Sheng, Shaikh Abdullah Al Mamun Hossain

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/32815

Aims: The study aims to review the performance of the Nigerian bank of agriculture, Katsina state, in terms of micro credit disbursement and loan recovery.

Study Design: Reviewing the bank performance in terms of micro-credit delivery and loan recovery from the year 2013 to 2015.

Place and Duration of Study: Katsina state, Nigeria and College of Economics and Management, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, 110866, China from Sep, 2015 to Sep, 2016.

Methodology: Data was collected using structured questionnaire administered to a hundred and seventy six randomly sampled money borrowers from the bank of agriculture. Similarly secondary data on the bank’s loan disbursement for the period under study was collected. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and the data was analyzed using loan repayment and loan default rate equations.

Results: The study result revealed that, about 81% of the borrowers from the bank are males, 55% of them are in their productive ages and 49% among them had no formal education and 32% of the borrowers complained of the inadequate number of bank branches in the region. The study also revealed that a total of $164889.68 was disbursed by the bank to 398 borrowers in the years under study. Furthermore the bank has recorded 79% loan repayment rate from 2013 to 2015.

Conclusion: Based on the findings, it is recommended that the bank should be restructured administratively and repositioned by employing more competent and better experienced banking personnel. Also, government should inject more funds into the bank.

Open Access Original Research Article

An Assessment of Entrepreneurship Behaviour of Fisherwomen in the Ratnagiri block of Ratnagiri District, Maharashtra State, India

M. P. Bhendarkar, A. M. Gajbhiye, K. J. Chaudhari, Laxmi ., R. H. Rathod

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/33344

A study on entrepreneurship behaviour of fisherwomen in the Ratnagiri block of Ratnagiri district, Maharashtra state was conducted during 2011-12 with a sample size of 105 fisherwomen from 10 villages of Ratnagiri block in Ratnagiri district. The components of entrepreneurial behaviour were innovativeness, risk orientation, decision making, economic motivation, management orientation and self-confidence. Among all these components majority of respondents (55.24%) belong to medium entrepreneurial behaviour but in innovativeness and achievement motivation respondents exhibited low and high entrepreneurial behaviour category. The rank correlation technique was applied and found that the characteristics such as education, family size, house type and social participation were positively and significantly (P < 0.05) correlated with entrepreneurial behaviour. Principal component analysis was performed to find out the major components of entrepreneurial behaviour of the sampled fisherwomen. The first three principal components accounted for almost 58.97 per cent of the total variance. Canonical correlation analysis was used to examine the potential relationship between sociopersonal variables and entrepreneurship behaviour variables. Results of the analysis showed that there was no relationship between set of socio-personal variables and entrepreneurial behaviour variable.

Open Access Original Research Article

Triggers that Energize Potential Entrepreneurs: What We Know about University Students in Southern Ethiopia

Senbetie Toma, Mary Thuo, Tagesse Abo, Tegegn Hailu

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/34340

The purpose of this study was to identify factors that initiate potential entrepreneurs to follow through and engage in an entrepreneurial activity among university students located in Southern Ethiopia. The study employed a cross-sectional survey design where the questionnaire was the main data collection tool. Data were collected from 665 final year university students from five universities. Subjects were randomly selected from business and non-business oriented programs comprising of 18 departments. Descriptive statistics, factor analysis and Tobit regression model were the main methods used to analyze and present data. The study found key factors that energize potential entrepreneurs to include: perceived internal locus of control (p=.000), social connections (p=.000), gender (p=.000) and to lesser extent the desirability (idea attractiveness) (p=.069), and subjective norms or pressure from significant others (p=.108). Self-efficacy was found to have a negative effect but statistically significant (p=.004). On gender, the study concluded that female students have problems in seizing and working on entrepreneurial opportunities as compared to males. Besides, the decision to engage in an entrepreneurial activity could be far beyond an individual’s perception about their capabilities (self-efficacy); inner strength to deal with uncertainties or risk taking ability (internal locus of control), and the presence of strong social bridging ties which connect an individual to different resources were identified as the main factors that identify potential entrepreneurs from others.