Open Access Opinion Article

Perceptual Segmentation of Demonetization Impact on Farming Communities in Anand District, Gujarat, India

Dilip Vahoniya, Shakti Ranjan Panigrahy, Nikita Vahoniya, Maitry Ben Chudasama

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/33580

Demonetisation is a policy measure of the government to dismantle any bottleneck in the direction of growth; Whether it is corruption at one end or policy paralysis due to paucity of funds at other end. Farming communities are always be at bottom end when policy has been changed at any time, may be due to their poor knowledge base or poor adoptability for any change. Here, the researchers studied post demonetisation impact on farming communities in between January 2017 to April 2017 assuming continuous work schedule of the farmer irrespective of time or substances. Two stage cluster analysis has been used for analysis purpose for understanding of homogeneity of any vulnerability on farming communities. From the study, poor education and informational bottleneck have been found as a major thrust area for reducing any impact of demonetisation on farmer. Even farmers faced impact irrespective of their high income and high age due to poor informational base which is a matter of concerned for policy makers in future.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Associated with Adoption of Drip Irrigation System by the Farmers in Bikaner District of Rajasthan

H. L. Verma, S. K. Sharma

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/33636

Water is a most precious natural resource and vitally important for agricultural development and day-to-day living. In order to use such a precious natural resource economically, drip irrigation would be a possible solution which minimizes the losses of water and fertilizer as well as increase the yield of crops. the present study was conducted in four panchayat samities (out of six) in Bikaner district of Rajasthan on the basis of highest area and large number of beneficiary farmers under drip irrigation system. From the selected four panchayat samities, a total of 234 respondent farmers having drip irrigation system were selected randomly for the study purpose. The data were collected by personal interview method with the help of interview schedule. The collected data were classified, tabulated and statistically analyzed. The findings revealed that majority of the respondents (64.53%) were in middle age group, belonging to other backward and general caste (85.47%), agriculture work as their main occupation (72.22%), educated can read and write up to primary and middle levels (55.99%), member of one or more organizations (56.84%), having medium land holding (76.07%), had mansion type house (57.69%), medium farm power possession (61.97%), good account of farm implements (64.53%) & material possession (63.67%), member of joint family (61.11%) and having medium annual income of family (71.79%). Further it was observed that Knowledge, education, social participation, annual income, economic motivation and mass media exposure were found positively and significantly associated with the adoption of drip irrigation by the farmers, while size of land holding, experience in farming and irrigation potentiality were found non-significantly associated with the adoption of drip irrigation by the farmers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Profit Analysis of Fish Farming Enterprises in Ikenne Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria

Afodu Osagie John, Akinboye Olufunso Emmanuel, Chioma Gibson Ogbonna, Ndubuisi-Ogbonna Lois Chidinma, Shobo Bolatito, Ayo-Bello Taofeek Ayodeji, Ajayi Opeyemi Arinola

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/28219

Understanding the role of fish culture enterprises in our economy is critical for designing agricultural policies to increase productivity and enhance economic growth and to reduce poverty. The research investigated profit analysis of culture fish enterprises in Ikenne Local Area of Ogun State, Nigeria. This was achieved through random selection of 100 respondents. The method of analysis used was descriptive analysis to determine the socio economic characteristics of the fish farmers; budgetary analysis and profitability ratios was applied to examine profit level of the fish farmers. The results showed that 46% were men and 54% were women. Majority of the respondents (52%) were married and 48% were in the single category. It also revealed that farmers had at least primary education. 62% of the respondents had about less than 5 years experiences in the business, majority of farmers started their business with their own personal savings. The budgetary analysis shows that the gross margin of N50, 153,780 (125,384.45. Dollars) of the farmers and a net farm income of N49, 632, 580 (124,081.45. Dollars) of the respondents, which indicates that fish farming is profitable to the farmers in the study area. It was concluded that the venture is profitable to farmers, and it was recommended that young people mostly male should be encouraged to practice fish farming, and also involve in carrying out research on fish farming as this may help in solving the problem of food security and food sufficiency.

Open Access Original Research Article

Agricultural Productivity, Poverty Reduction and Inclusive Growth in Africa: Linkages and Pathways

Adeyemi A. Ogundipe, Emmanuel A. Oduntan, Adebayo I. Ogunniyi, Kehinde O. Olagunju

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/32427

Poverty in Africa is primarily rural concentrated, about 75% of the poor population live in rural areas and draws their livelihood and food from agriculture. The Sub-Saharan African region is home to more than quarter of a billion people living in extreme poverty, with the Eastern and Southern Africa having the world’s highest concentrations of poor people. The renewed focus on the poverty reducing potential of agricultural productivity accentuate from the fact that the incidence of poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa is increasing faster than the population. The study examined the effect of agricultural productivity on poverty reduction in Africa using the dynamic panel data approach estimated using the System-GMM technique for the period 1991-2015. The conceptual framework of the study identified three main linkages via which agricultural productivity translates to poverty reduction; this include: i. income empowerment, ii. Market expansion, andiii. Sustenance enhancement. The empirical result suggests that agricultural value added per worker contributes significantly to reducing rural poverty in Africa. On the other hand, food production index and GDP per capita were more important factors in curbing urban and dollar poverty implying that non-farm poor tends to have a large food marginal propensity to consume (MPC). The insignificance of GDP per capita in dwindling rural poverty reflects that the reality that growth in other sector does not influence the livelihood of the rural poor farmers due to its subsistence nature. Finally, domestic credit to private sectors and institutions were significant in reducing all categories of poverty, with largest impact on rural poverty. It implies that development programmes targeted at enhancing agricultural productivity should encompass strategies for accessing credit in order to boost the asset base of rural farmer for a large scale commercial production. Also, appropriate macroeconomic policies and institutional quality needs to be enhanced to boost provision of social services, equitable land and credit access.

Open Access Original Research Article

Resource Use Efficiency in Hybrid and Inbred Rice Production in Uttarakhand

Ashish Prakash, H. N. Singh, R. S. Shekhawat

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/34511

Present study was conducted to evaluate resource use efficiency in hybrid and inbred rice cultivation in Udham Singh Nagar district of Uttarakhand, which was purposively selected. Three stage sampling technique was employed for constructing sampling plan. Probability proportion technique was followed to select respondents which make a sample size of 60 farmers comprising of 28 small, 17 medium and 15 large farmers from 4 villages. In this paper, we examined and compared resource use efficiency of hybrid and inbred rice varieties in study area. The results of study revealed that coefficient of multiple determinations (R2), 80 per cent, variation in the yield of hybrid rice and inbred rice. Result shows that cultivation of hybrid rice seems more profitable than inbred rice of farmers in Uttarakhand. There should be concentrated effort made to expand area under hybrid rice cultivation.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact Analysis of Finger Millet Varieties on Yield and Income of the Farmers in Mandya District, Karnataka

D. Raghupathi, M. Venkatesha, C. Umashankara

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/34917

The Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana L.) is a staple food in southern Karnataka popularly known and called as ‘Ragi’ in Indian vernacular language. To enhance its productivity the University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru (UASB) is engaged in evolving location specific, farmer need based farm technologies through its Zonal Agricultural Research Stations (ZARS) spread over in Southern Karnataka since its inception 1965. To its credit, it has developed and released many farm technologies for the farmers to adopt. Among these, the improved high yielding Finger Millet variety KMR-204 was one. It has genetic advantages over the other local varieties, such as high yielding, blast tolerance, short duration and preferred for late sowing when rains are delayed. Such improved variety was released and recommended during 2011 for wider adoption for the growers in southern dry zone of Karnataka. Since then, many growers had adopted the variety. After lapse of 5 years of its release, the UASB was interested in to find out the performance of the technology on the farmers field and their perception in gaining economic returns when compared to other local varieties. From this backdrop the study was conducted during 2016 in Mandya district, Karnataka, where there is large area under the Finger Millet crop. The district has 7 taluks, from each taluk 2 Finger Millet growing villages were selected. From 14 villages, 210 respondents who have adopted both KMR-204 and Indaf -9 varieties (Before) were selected randomly and interviewed and information was collected. A research design ‘Before and After’ was adopted to compare the results. The findings of the study reveal that, the KMR-204 had given more grain and straw yield compared to that of Indaf-9 variety used before under both rainfed and irrigated conditions. However, the difference in obtaining grain and straw yields was non-significant. Similarly, in case of obtaining net income, though the respondents obtained relatively more income from KMR-204 compared to Indaf-9, the difference was non-significant. Thus the alternate hypothesis is rejected by accepting the null hypothesis. The respondents had favourable perception, with high attibutional quotient (0.92) towards KMR-204, implying speedier diffusion of technology in the social system for adoption. To conclude that the respondents obtained almost equal yields and income from the from the selected Finger millet varieties. The respondents had favourable perception (attributional index-0.92) towards KMR-204 variety, implying speedier diffusion of technology in to the social system in due course of time.