Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Front Line Demonstrations of Chickpea Cv. RSG-888 on Farmers’ Field in Rainfed Condition of Rajasthan, India

M. L. Meena

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/34651

In the present study performance of chickpea variety (RSG-888) against local check was evaluated through front line demonstrations conducted at farmer’s field during rabi season of 2013, 2014 and 2015. A total of 56 demonstrationswere laid on 9.0 ha in 20 villages across six blocks of Pali district. Sowing was done using residual soil moisture of dry condition from second week October to first week of November every year [1]. Package of practices as developed for the region were strictly followed. Recommended seed rate i.e. 70 kgha-1 against existing farmers’ practices of using 100 kg ha-1 (local check) was broadcasted and nutrients i.e. N, P, and S in the ratio of 20:30:40 kg ha-1 were applied. The variety performed much better compared to local check (Pratap Channa)  and an average grain yield of 16.7 q/ha was recorded which was 67.00% more than the local check. Straw yield also recorded an increase of 44.20% over local check. In spite of increase in yield both in grain and straw, technological and extension gaps existed which was 7.2 and 5.3 q/ha, respectively. The extension gap can be bridged by popularizing package of practices where in stress need to belaidon use of proper seed rate and balanced nutrient application. Economics of growing released high yielding variety of chickpea RSG-888 recorded a net income of Rs. 39208/, per hectare which is 83.30% more compared to net income from local check (Pratap Channa) Meena and Singh [2].

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of Intervention Being Provided at AWCs Related to Nutrition and Care during Pregnancy and Lactation in District Budgam of Kashmir Region J&K (Based on Beneficiary Responses)

Iffat Ghani, Rajini Dhingra

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/34339

This research was planned to study the intervention being provided by AWCs (Anganwadi Centers) to improve the knowledge level of women beneficiaries regarding health care and nutrition during pregnancy and lactation. Inthis context, four blocks were purposively selected from district Budgam of Kashmir region. From these four blocks 60 AWCs were randomly selected through lottery method with 15 AWCs from each block. A total number of 240 women beneficiaries were purposively selected from these AWCs with only 4 beneficiaries (2 Mothers of Child beneficiary, 2 Nursing mothers and 2 Pregnant women) from each centre. The Study revealed that insufficient intervention is being provided across all the four blocks regarding health care and nutrition during pregnancy. The only intervention that is being provided is through lectures or discussion during VHND (Village and Health Nutrition Day) and NHED (Nutrition and Health Education Day) meetings. However, these meetings are being conducted occasionally at Health centres or AWCs through health personnel or ASHA workers. No specific intervention or advice related to importance of regular health checkups, nutrition, weight monitoring or maintenance of Hb level during pregnancy is observed. The only aspect where intervention is being provided at the best is vaccination during pregnancy and maintenance of vaccination cards including nutrition as per the supply and availability of ration at centers. However, in block Budgam and Nagam intervention regarding importance of health care and importance of nutrition during pregnancy was provided through regular lectures during nutrition distribution hour and through home visits. Moreover, basic pre-natal care components are effective means to prevent range of pregnancy complication and reduce maternal mortality. The findings indicate that there is need for enhancement of intervention educational programme in ICDS regarding importance of prenatal care and service for the healthy birth outcome and mothers’ well being. However, there are also still many important aspects /areas where intervention need to be focused to improve the knowledge of Kashmiri women.

Open Access Original Research Article

Farmer’s Level Motivation on Sunflower Cultivation in a Rice Based Cropping Pattern of Patuakhali District

Aparajita Badhan, Md. Golam Rabbani Akanda, A. T. M. Sanaul Haque

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/33503

The aim of the study was mainly to determine and describe the extent of the motivation on sunflower cultivation and also explore relationship between the 12 selected characteristics of the farmers with motivation on sunflower cultivation. The study was designed with mixed method approach where, both qualitative and quantitative analyses are blended in a rational way to have a deeper understanding about research problems. The study was conducted in Dumki and Patuakhali Sadar Upazilla of Patuakhali district, Bangladesh. The whole period of the study was six months from 01 January to 30 June 2016. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 110 farmers engaged in sunflower cultivation. In addition case study, focus group discussions, Key informant interviews were used to collect data. Data was collected by face to face interviews. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistical measures and computer software like SPSS. Pearson’s Product Moment coefficient of correlation results showed that out of 12 independent variables, the correlation coefficients of 7 variables had positive and significant relationship with their motivation on sunflower cultivation. Multiple regression analysis showed that training experience, innovativeness, and sunflower cultivation knowledge had significant contribution towards motivation on sunflower cultivation. Training, Contact with various sources of information, Organizational participation of the farmers was vital predictors. These predictors need further investigations.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of School Nutrition Garden on the Nutrient Intake of Children

Mouneshwari Kammar, A. P. Biradar, S. C. Angadi, G. Y. Vidyavathi

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/34018

Aims: The main objective of the study was to assess the impact of school nutrition garden on the micronutrient intake of children, to combat micronutrient deficiency among children and to increase in ability and interest in incorporating healthier foods.

Sample: The study was conducted over two year of period at fourteen selected Higher Primary School and High schools of Raichur and Bagalkot taluka covering both public and private schools. The nutrients supplied by the cultivated vegetables were computed using Nutritive Value of Indian Foods [8] using the and were compared with amount of Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA).

Study Design: Cross sectional.

Place and Duration of Study: Raichur and Bagalkot district of Karntaka state during 2015-16 and 2016-17.

Methodology: Cross sectional design was adopted and schools were selected on the availability of the place, water and willingness of teachers to maintain the garden with the help of children even during the summer holidays. Children and teachers were introduced to the concept of nutrition garden through orientation to balanced diet and importance of micronutrients. Other extension methods like celebration of World Environment Day (June 5), group discussion were also carried out to popularize the importance of nutrients. The vegetable seed kits containing eight varieties of vegetables developed by Indian Institute of Horticulture Research (IIHR) containing staple vegetables were distributed. These vegetables were grown in Kharif and Rabi season. Along with the seed kit, perennials like curry leaf, drumstick, fig and lemon were also supplied to the schools. Later each class of the children was allotted a specific vegetable for cultivation.

Results: After introduction of nutritional garden, the consumption of fresh vegetables increased in the daily diet which contributed towards the good health. 

Conclusion: It is inferred from these results that school nutrition garden may be made mandatory for high schools with a provision of school garden kit.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Study on the Evaluation of Physical Facilities (Infrastructures) and Processing Operational Units of Major Slaughterhouses and Meat Retail Shops in Jammu Districts of Jammu and Kashmir

Rayees Ahmed Bafanda, S. A. Khandi, Farzana Choudhary

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/35203

The present study was conducted in Jammu district of Jammu and Kashmir State to study the evaluation of physical facilities (infrastructures) and processing operational units of major slaughterhouses and meat retail shops in Jammu districts of Jammu and Kashmir. Three Major slaughter houses of Jammu district situated at Nagrota, Old Rehari and Gujjar Nagar were selected for the study. After preparing the comprehensive list of meat markets operating in Jammu district, three meat markets were selected, and from each selected meat market ten retail meat shops were randomly chosen. Thus, a total of three Major slaughter houses and thirty meat retail shops were selected for the study. Data were collected through interview schedule as well as through observations. The data were coded, classified, tabulated and analyzed using the software; Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS 16.0). The presentations of data were done to give pertinent, valid and reliable answer to the specific objectives. Frequencies, percentage and mean were worked out for meaningful interpretation. All the slaughter houses located in urban areas were lacking important infrastructure which are necessary for hygienic meat production. Slaughter halls of different size were available inside slaughter houses but none of them were divided into different sections for hygienic meat production. Moreover, the existing buildings were also in poor condition. Inspection for hygienic maintaince of buildings, facilities and processing of carcasses was not made. No sanitary facilities were present in the slaughter houses. Primitive instruments were used which reduced their working efficiency. Meat retail shops lack many important facilities, which are necessary for maintaining the quality of meat. The cleaning practice was not very effective and there was no system for disposal of slaughter waste in both slaughterhouses and meat retail shops.