Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of Factors Affecting the Marketing of Kola Nut in Ogun State, Nigeria

O. Taiwo, T. R. Shitu, J. O. Lawal, A. T. Yahaya, T. A. G. Okeowo

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/16701

The study examined the Analysis of factors affecting marketing of kola in Ogun State, Nigeria.

Data were collected from Three Local Government Areas of Ogun State namely, Ijebu North, Odogbolu and Sagamu where 60 kola marketers in each of the kola markets in the area were randomly selected using multistage sampling technique. The study shows that most kola marketers are of age, married and are mainly female with little or no education. The factors that significantly affect the marketing of kola are the income earned per year by the marketers, source of kola nut and the preference of kola type consumed. It was recommended that the marketers be given some form of adult education and that kola production should be encouraged so as to increase the marketer’s source of buying kola nut particularly, the production of preferred kola nut by consumer which is the pink type.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessing Attitude towards Activities of Rangamati Watershed Development Project in Cooch Behar District of West Bengal, India

Bablu Ganguly, Amita Hanglem, Yanglem Lakshimai Devi, Deepa Roy, Sabita Mondal, P. K. Pal

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/35433

Aims: Assessing the level of favourable attitude towards the activities of watershed development project and impact of attitude on extracting benefits from the project.

Study Design:  Before-after study design.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in Rangamati watershed development project in Cooch Behar district of West Bengal, India. The geographical location of this watershed is 26°26'28" N to 26°29'21" N latitude and 89°11'17" E to 89°13'47" E longitude.

Methodology: 60 households (30 each from project beneficiary and non-beneficiary) were selected for the study. The attitude was assessed based on an attitude measurement scale. Value on the scale varies from ‘−2’ (most unfavourable attitude) through ‘+2’ (most favourable attitude).

Results: Persons having moderately favourable attitude dominated both the beneficiaries (70%) and non-beneficiaries (86.67%) of the watershed area with a mean attitude score of 1.38 and 1.22 respectively. Although both had favourable attitude towards the activities of watershed, but Fisher Exact test value was significant at p = .009 level; which implies that the beneficiary respondents had significantly more favourable attitude than the non-beneficiaries.

It is also seen from the study that the level of favourableness of attitude directly varies with the level of adoption of crop production technology [correlation coefficient (r)=0.288; p = .05) and watershed development technology (r=0.269; p = .05), change in cropped area in dry season (r=0.249; p = .10),  change in crop diversity (r=0.291; p = .05), and change in occupation diversity (r=0.320;   p = .05), which implies that more the attitude was favourable, more they gained the benefits.

Conclusion: The watershed development project has a positive effect in changing peoples’ attitude towards its activity. Favourable attitude helps to reap more benefit from the project.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of Level of Poverty of Handloom Households in Erode District of Tamil Nadu

R. Divya Bharathi, K. Thomas Felix, D. David Rajasekar

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/35597

The Indian handloom industry demonstrates the richness and diversity of Indian culture, but the incidence of poverty in Handloom households is prominent. The per capita income limit to fix the poverty line was considered as Rs. 12984 per person in the present study. Accordingly level of the poverty and incidence of the poverty were calculated by using chi square test, Head count ratio and Income gap ratio method. It is evident from the study that more than 50 per cent of the handloom households were falling into the state of poverty and socio economic factors such as composition of household, size of household, average wage rate and indebtedness of the household are found influencing the level of poverty. And garment activity is found to be supplementing the household income strongly.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessing Farmers’ Knowledge on the Role of Cowpea in Improving Soil Fertility in Cropping Systems in Southern Cameroon

Maureen Fonji Atemkeng, Ngwa Akongnwi Neba

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/35751

A study was carried out to identify farmers’ preferred cowpea traits and assess their knowledge on the role of grain legume in improving soil fertility in cropping systems  in the humid forest zone (HFZ) of Cameroon. This study was conducted at five sites (Asso'oseng, Nkoemnvone, Nkolfoulou, Nkoemetou II and Nkometou III) in the HFZ of Cameroon, between December 2012 and March 2013.  A two stage stratified sampling procedure was applied. In the first stage, each study site formed a sampling stratum.  In each site, two focus groups were constructed. The groups included both women and men of various ages. Focus group discussions with 6 -10 farmers per group were carried out during periods when the farmers are less busy in their farms (December and January). In the second stage semi-structured questionnaires were administered (January – March 2013) after the focus group discussion (FGD) to a total of 165 farmers. A total of 44 respondents were interviewed in Asso'oseng, 35 in Nkoemvone, 17 in Nkolfoulou II, 38 in Nkometou II, and 31 in Nkometou III making a total of 165 respondents. Demographic questions included personal details such as gender, age, level of education, position in the house hold, and household size.

The results indicated that the age of the respondents ranged from 18 to 70 years with the majority falling between 36-45 years, representing 58% of the respondents. Seventy six percent of the respondents were females. Generally the farmers grew four varieties of cowpea: brown, black, speckled and white. White was the dominant (75%) and preferred variety. They also grew and preferred mostly the erect and early maturing cowpea type (94%). Cowpea was mostly intercropped (69%) with cereals and other crops while a minor proportion of the farmers practised sole cropping (29%) and rotation or shifting cultivation (2%). The farmers identified poor soils as the main cowpea production constraints. On average, less that 30% of the respondents were aware of the role legumes play in soil fertility restoration except in Nkometou III where 50% of the farmers surveyed did have some knowledge. To 90% of the farmers, root nodules represented organs that harbor disease agents, which they referred to as soil “cysts”.

From the study, it can be concluded that farmers in the humid forest zone of Cameroon are aware of the soil fertility decline on their farms. Respondents lack knowledge on importance of legumes in cropping system and grow and prefer white coated cowpea with erect growth habit. The farmers are however, ready to cultivate grain legumes for soil fertility restoration purpose if this could be demonstrated on-farm.

Open Access Original Research Article

Dynamics of Land Use Pattern and Cropping Pattern in Cuddalore District of Tamil Nadu

R. Paramasivam, M. Umanath, V. Kavitha, A. Kuzhandhaivel Pillai, R. Vasanthi

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/35450

This study aims to assess the structural changes of land use pattern and cropping pattern in the Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu. We used panel data of land use pattern and area under different crops inclusion of irrigated and unirrigated area from 1960-61 to 2012-13. The collected data was estimated by using Markov chain analysis. The land put forward non-agricultural purposes and current fallow lands accounted for a higher share of retention probabilities while permanent pastures and other grazing lands had lower retentions in 1960-90 and 1991-2012, respectively. Retention probabilities of net sown area also had the same percentage in the same period implies that the district is an agrarian one. The share of retention in rice, oilseeds and fruit crops were high, and the area under sugarcane retains a moderate share and that of maintaining between 1960-90 and 1991-2012. The area under rice, however, was gradually relocated its share to sugarcane. Similar results were also found in field survey conducted in 2001 and 2011 where the share of area under rice was shifted to sugarcane, maize, cotton, fruits and vegetables.