The present study aimed to analyze the potato market integration in India, specifically how the Tamil Nadu market behaves with respect to the behavior of other potato markets across India. Major potato markets, such as Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat, which have a majority share in the total supply potato to Tamil Nadu were selected for market integration analysis. Since price data for Tamil Nadu market was non-stationary and other market prices were stationary in level form, Autoregressive Distributed Lag Model (ARDL) was used to estimate cointegration (long run equilibrium) among these markets. Month wise potato price data from January 2005 to September 2016 were collected from different sources and used for analysis. Results revealed that long run equilibrium existed among the potato markets in Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat but the speed of adjustment of equilibrium level is very less in the long run. Change in the potato price of Gujarat market was the key determinant of shocks in the potato market of Tamil Nadu.
A study was conducted among sixty each of rural and urban female heads of family in Madurai to find out the underlying pattern or grouping of attributes which influence consumption of greens among family members. The results of Factor analysis revealed that 51.48 per cent of variation in the consumption of greens was explained cumulatively by the extracted four factors. The first factor account for 18.74 per cent variation in consumption of greens followed by 12.77 per cent, 10.44 per cent and 9.54 per cent of variation explained by second, third and fourth factor respectively. The analysis of pattern clearly revealed that in the first factor, the attributes related to drudgery involved in cooking and variety of greens were grouped together. The attributes pertaining to availability of greens dominated the second factor whereas the beliefs and values related factors were concentrated in the third factor. The fourth factor had grouping of attributes related to health benefits.
This study was conducted to explore the understanding of economic condition of Fish farmers and Fishers in inland fisheries of Assam, a north-eastern state of India that is rich in inland fisheries resources and represent the condition of many developing countries. A survey of 60 fish farmers and 60 fishers was conducted in Kamrup, a representative district of the Indian state, from 1 October to 31 December 2015.Fish farmers and fishers are selected randomly. An ex-post-facto research design was followed to carry out the study that have already occurred .A structured Interview schedule was developed incorporating relevant points to accomplish the objectives set for the study. It is observed that fish farmers of Bazera development block are lagging behind from fish farmers of Hajo Development Block. The study also revealed that fish farmers has a better income as compared to fishers purely from fisheries sector alone and block wise analysis revealed that Hajo Development Block is better positioned in terms of the income of both fishers and fish farmers as compared to Bezera Development Block. This paper explores to understand the status and cause of existing income so that developmental policies and conservation measure of resource can be oriented in right perspective.
The paper examined small holder commercial groundnut production and its effect on poverty status of groundnut farmers in Dass Local Government Area of Bauchi State. Data for the study were collected using questionnaire administered to the respondents who were selected using random sampling technique. The data collected were analyzed using commercialization index, Foster Greer and Thorbeck (F.G.T) and Tobit regression model. The result showed that most of the small holder farmers grow their groundnut for commercial purpose ostensibly to raise their income portfolio. From the FGT analysis, the poverty line was constructed to be at per capital monthly expenditure equal (₦7,752.22). The poverty count index (P0) for the household was 60%. This means that 60% of the farming households in the study area were poor. The Tobit regression result showed that the variable poverty status was negatively significant. This implies that enhancing the farmer’s status will probably lead to an increased in commercialization. On the other hand, education, part-time occupation and distance to market were positively significant. It is therefore recommended that to alleviate the poverty status of the farmers, they should be encouraged to see groundnut farming as a business and not as subsistence venture. In this regard, infrastructural facilities (market stalls and roads) should be provided. Also, an enabling environment for small scale industries that utilized groundnut should be facilitated by the government. This will encourage the farmers to produce more and in return earn more, and consequently improve their socio economic well-being.
WhatsApp sends real-time messages and is one of the world’s most popular communication applications in the 21st century. The present study highlights and examines the domestication of WhatsApp among farmers. An exhaustive whatsapp user list was prepared from each village and 3 farmers were selected with the help of systematic sampling technique. Thus, 90 farmers from the 3 blocks of the district using whatsapp were purposively selected and grouped for sending the messages of agricultural aspects. The study was conducted at Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Neemuch during 2016-17. Results showed how farmers perceive WhatsApp as a ‘convenient’ communication application, problem solving with audio-visuals, on-time, solution at the time of crisis in their agriculture activities. Some of the critical issues arising from the use of WhatsApp included distractions and exposure to unregulated messages or information. Irrespective of its disadvantages, social media has proved to be an important platform for pluralistic extension, bringing together all the actors in Agriculture Information system and making them shareholders in development.