Open Access Original Research Article

Barriers to Sugarcane Production Information Access via ICT: Perceptions of Extension Officers and Smallholder Sugarcane Growers in Swaziland

Mbuyazwe M. Dlamini, Steven Worth

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/37095

This paper aims at investigating barrier to sugarcane production information access via ICT among the Swaziland sugar industry stakeholders as perceived by extension officers and smallholder sugarcane farmers. The study was a census involving all active smallholder sugarcane farmers (N=172) in Swaziland and their extension officers (N=17). Quantitative data were collected through personal interviews using a valid and reliable structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were applied to analyse the data using SPSS version 20 statistical software. The results of the study revealed that sugarcane farmers do not perceive any of the barriers to be a hindrance to information access via ICT. However, extension officers differed regarding some of these barriers. The study also revealed that gender, educational level and respondents’ job category had a significant influence on the perceptions of the respondents. Therefore, these demographic variables must be considered when planning the introduction of ICTs to enhance information access among the sugar industry stakeholders. The results of this study could provide guidance to the government or relevant organisation when considering barriers that may hinder the use of ICTs for information access.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Investigation in the Trading of Oranges (Citrus sinensis L.) in Côte d’Ivoire: Inventory of the Supply and Merchandising

Lagou Valery Claver, Chatigre Kouamé Olivier, Assa Rebecca Rachel

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/36659

The oranges (Citrus sinensis L.) are diversely available on the markets along the months and seasons of the year. The current investigation, implemented in 10 communes from the district of Abidjan, focused on parameters dealing with the supply and marketing of these citrus fruits in Côte d’Ivoire. It was achieved using a questionnaire for collecting data regarding the sellers’ profile, the main concerns in the fruits’ acquirement and sale, as well as the oranges’ customary. The results reveal that the oranges are especially marketed by Ivorian citizens (77%) against 23% foreign nationalities, namely from Mali, Burkina Faso, and Guinea. The oranges’ trading is a female gender activity accounting 60% saleswomen. It’s mainly practiced by 21-40 years old persons representing 77.77% traders, showing that the oranges’ trading is a significantly profitable activity since youngers are really involved in. The local way of oranges production is bimodal, with 66.7% in the rainy season against 32.3% for the dry season. The oranges are generally routed from overall country regions towards the big city markets by haulage (80%). During the season of lower production, the markets are provided with oranges thanks to imports, especially from Ghana, a neighbouring country (87%). The potential customers of the oranges are consisted of 90% home consumers and fruits juice processers.

The investigation shows that the oranges’ fruits channel is fitted with jobs supplying but remains casual. It therefore requires a better organization to become more profitable for overall stakeholders in the orange path. Also, the technological promotion of the oranges through the extensive juice processing and the valorization of the fruits residues, namely seeds, membranes, and peels could provide more incomes from this foodstuff.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analyzing the Technical Efficiency of Cotton Production in the Gezira Scheme, Sudan

Babiker O. Mahgoub, Mutasim Mekki M. Elrasheed, Hag Hamad Abdelaziz

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/33878

Aims: This study aimed at measuring and evaluating production efficiency of the tenants producing cotton-crop in Gezira Scheme, and investigating the main specific factors behind their technical inefficiency.

Place and Duration of Study: Gezira Scheme, season 2011/12.

Methodology: The study depended on both primary and secondary data. Stratified random sampling technique was used to collect data from 150 farmers by means of questionnaire.  Stochastic frontier production function model was used to attain the stated objectives. 

Results: Results revealed the presence of a relatively high potential for cotton-farmer to improve their yield by up to 11%. It is also revealed that, there were strong and substantially significant effect of cotton cultivated area (-0.02, p<0.10), seed rate (0.24, p<0.01), fertilizers (0.58, p<0.01), irrigation numbers (0.27, p<0.01), total labour man-day hours (0.09, p<0.05) on cotton production levels. On the other hand, tenancy location (-0.01, p<0.10), sowing date (-0.13, p<0.05) weeding (-0.11, p<0.05), family size (-0.04, p<0.10) and credit (-0.20, p<0.01) were highly significant in explaining the variation behind the tenants’ technical inefficiency.

Conclusion: The study stresses on the importance of improving technical efficiency for cotton production in the Gezira Scheme, through improving tenants’ access to credit and extension services. It is also stresses on the importance of agricultural research on solving weeds and irrigation problems.

Open Access Original Research Article

Farm and Non-farm Income Diversification in Selected Areas of Sunamganj District of Bangladesh

Md. Sherf-Ul-Alam, Jasim Uddin Ahmed, Maksuda Mannaf, Kanij Fatema, Md. Nur Mozahid

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/36873

Rural income diversification by increasing income and reducing risk of vulnerability help the poor farmers to improve their standard of living. The study assesses the occupational patterns, sources of income diversification and factors that affect farmer’s decision towards income diversification. The findings will be extended to the rural farmers to identify their potential socioeconomic indicators that affect their livelihood diversification decision. Two villages of Sunamganj district of Bangladesh was purposively selected for this study. The results of the analyses showed that the maximum farmers (25) were following the crop cultivation + fish catching + non-farm occupational pattern. The Simpson index of diversification (SID) showed that the low, medium and high levels of diversified farmers were about 23 percent, 43 percent, and 13 percent, respectively. The result of the Logit model shows that age negatively and farm size positively influence income diversification decision of the farmer while sex, education level, marital status, family size, membership status of the sampled farmers, access to credit and market distance does not. The FGD revealed some coping strategies during the lean period. It could be suggested to the poor farmers to improve their farm activities and to diversify their income sources to non-farm income activities to reduce income vulnerability.

Open Access Review Article

Sustainable Agricultural Development, Climate Change and Disaster Risks Management

Alberto Bigi, Fabio Maria Santucci, Azadeh Bakhshi

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-17
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/37584

This review paper analyses the role and many functions of agriculture within the paradigm of sustainable development and within the scenario of climate change, which is also characterised by an increasing number of natural hazards. The fast-increasing world population, that will achieve the number of 9.7 billion in 2050, will not only demand from agricultural producers a much larger supply of all commodities, but it will also expect from all farmers – large corporations and smallholders alike - a higher level of respect towards some environmental issues. Agriculture is impacting on several natural resources (water, soils, biodiversity, etc.) and contemporarily coping with changing climates and societal demands, requires modern and efficient production systems. Within this already difficult scenario, climate change is altering the face of risks, not only through increased weather-related risks and sea-level and temperature rises, but also through more stresses on water availability and ecosystems. The Authors underline that these three aspects (growing food demand, higher attention to environmental aspects and resilience building to cope with natural hazards) must be tackled together, through short term and long-term measures, with an holistic planning and implementation.