Open Access Original Research Article

Asset Ownership and Control among Women in Nigeria

Yetunde Olasimbo Mary Oladokun, Kemisola Omorinre Adenegan

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/35943

Aims: To determine the level of asset ownership and control of women in rural Nigeria.

Study Design:  Quantitative.

Place and Duration of Study: Data from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) 2013 on 23,403 women were collected. The sample for the DHS 2013 was a stratified sample, selected independently in three stages from the sampling frame. Information on 18,869 women with adequate data was used for the analysis.

Methodology: Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and composite score analysis.

Results: Mean age and household sizes were 36.03 ± 9.20 years and 6.51 ± 1.50 persons, respectively. A higher proportion owned physical assets such as mobile phone (68.66%), radio (63.54%) while 5.98% owned natural assets (land). Women in the intermediate-Level of Asset Ownership (LAO) category constituted 63.75% followed by the low-LAO and high-LAO categories with 20.33% and 15.92%, respectively. However, 57.49%, 48.79% and 44.84% of women in the low-LAO, intermediate-LAO and high-LAO, respectively, had no control over the assets they owned.

Conclusion: The level of asset ownership and control among women was low. Policies should be put in place for women to have control over the assets they owned.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Factors Affecting Success of Small Agro-Enterprises in Bhutan

Tashi Dendup, Tandin Gyeltshen, Lobzang Penjor, Phub Dorji

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/37427

This study attempted to assess the factors affecting the success of Small Agro-Enterprises (SAEs) in Bhutan. Although SAEs contribute to economic development of the country, their success factors are not fully understood. The scarcity of empirical studies motivated authors to study the subject matter. This study interviewed 320 owners of the SAEs using the structured questionnaire in four Districts of Bhutan. We conducted factor analysis, Pearson’s correlation, and multiple linear regression. The result showed that Leadership and Management (1), Government Policies and Infrastructures (2), Market and Customer Orientation (3), and Technology Adoption (4) significantly contributed to the success of SAEs. Overall, these factors contributed 32.4% to SAEs success. Besides maintaining the conducive business environment, we suggest the need for ensuring identified factors to realize the goal of SAEs development in the country.

Open Access Original Research Article

Climate Change: Trends and Farmers Perceptions in Chepang Community of Chitwan District, Nepal

Gobinda Pandey, Huma Neupane

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/35945

To access the trends and farmers perception on temperature and precipitation in Chepang community, a research was conducted in Chitwan district of Nepal in the year 2016. Two VDCs, Shaktikhor and Siddhi were selected purposively and sixty households from each village were selected randomly for the study. Primary information was collected from household using semi-structured interview schedule and secondary data were collected from Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM), Kathmandu. Microsoft Excel and SPSS were used for descriptive and trend analysis. Mann Kendall test is used to determine the trend of climatic variables. 50 percent of the respondents perceived about increase in summer temperature, 37% perceived increase in winter temperature and 58% of respondent’s perceived decrease in rainfall amount. Monsoon rainfall was in decreasing (0.541 mm per year) trend and the overall trend of rainfall was also decreasing over the time (1983-2014). Maximum and minimum temperature was increased significantly over the time (1983-2014) by 0.013°C and 0.0075°C per year respectively. The analysis of climatic data strongly supports the farmer’s perception. Farmers in rural areas were still unknown about climatic change pattern; they cannot adopt adoption strategies until they will understand the climate change and its adverse impact on farming systems. The findings of this study can be useful for making effective policy and plan.

Open Access Original Research Article

Perceived Training Needs of Buffalo Dairy Farmers Regarding Scientific Animal Husbandry Practices in Haryana

Sarita ., S. P. Singh, Rachna ., S. S. Sangwan

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/37728

The study was carried out to identify the perceived training needs of dairy farmers regarding scientific buffalo husbandry practices and its relation with their socio-economic traits in five districts of Haryana state. A sample size of 250 dairy farmers was randomly selected for the study and data were collected through personal interview method during 2015-16. The extent of training need revealed that majority of buffalo owners (75.2%) desired for medium level of training in all the scientific animal husbandry practices followed by high (15.6%) and low (9.2%) level training needs, respectively. The study revealed that in the area of breeding practices right time of insemination was perceived to be the most needed training need followed by precautions after insemination. With respect to feeding practices maximum training need was expressed about preparation of low cost concentrate mixture followed by knowledge about feeding of animal in different stages. Marketing and insurance followed by training about mastitis control measures were the most needed training sub areas in the area of management practices. Most needed training sub areas as reported by dairy farmers were deworming and vaccination of animals and knowledge about common diseases and their prevention in health care sub area. Variables namely educational qualification, annual income, family size training on dairy farming, economic motivation, attitude towards rearing Murrah buffalo and knowledge of scientific practices were positively and significantly correlated while age was negatively and significantly correlated with training needs regarding scientific animal husbandry practices. The results of the study will help the extension agencies to develop suitable training modules for the dairy farmers in scientific animal husbandry practices for increasing the livestock productivity and improving the living standards of the farmers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Knowledge Gap of Silkworm Rearers of Jammu Division of Jammu and Kashmir State

Lyaqat Ali, P. S. Slathia, S. K. Kher, K. A. Zargar, Nazir Ahmed, Sandeep Kumar, Bilal Ahmad Lone, M. I. Bhat

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/34786

The present study was carried out to know the knowledge gap of silkworm rearers of Jammu division with 240 respondents were selected by proportionate random sampling method from three districts, six blocks and 24 villages. The data was collected by using a pretested structured interview schedule and knowledge test. Average age of silkworm rearers was 46.58 years, the average land holding in hectares was .83 and 29.11 percent of silkworm rearers possessed separate rearing shed. The overall mean knowledge score of three districts was 15.36 (± 2.29) with std. error .14756 and the maximum knowledge score was 22 and minimum knowledge score was 9 the difference was 33.21 per cent. Maximum difference was in case of disinfection and disinfectant which was 40.25 per cent followed by 38.57 percent about mulberry and its management and 37.50 per cent respondents about management of late age rearing. Kruskal Wallis test was applied to all the 23 statements and assign the ranks on the basis of chi square and p- value. The statements which were found significant thickness of cuttings of mulberry for propagation chi square value 9.021(.011), feeding requirement (kg/oz) for first instars larvae 7.535(.023), management of the diseases 5.508(.064) and dose of disinfectant used for silkworm rearing room and appliances for one ounce of seed 5.104(.078). All other knowledge statements were non significant.