This paper investigates the factors affecting the financial performance of the Jordanian manufacturing industrial firms. Secondary data has been collected from the Amman stock exchange annual publication “Financial Statement Analysis of industrial firms listed in Amman Stock Exchange for the period 2005-2015. The data were gathered from the financial statements of industrial firms namely, balance sheet and income statement published by www.ase.com, the sample consists of (23) industrial firms. The researchers employed E.views software packages for the regression analysis of the current study. The dependent variable is firm’s performance measure ROA, the independent variables includes (LV, LQ, FS, PR, RV). The findings reveal that the variables of liquidity, profitability, and revenues are positively related with the return on assets (ROA). On the other hand, the variables of leverage and firm size are negatively related with it. In addition, the regression results show that all variables have significant impact on the financial performance. The findings are very important for different parties such as policy maker, investors, and stakeholders.
The role of rural women’s in agricultural activities is substantial in Iraq, especially in Erbil province. The aim of the study is to determine the problems of rural women faced during agricultural activities. This study is conducted in Erbil province which is located in the North of Iraq. The data is collected from 250 women from through face to face interviews. Results show that the obstacles of women’s role in agricultural development are lack of literacy due to their poor academic background, increased work inside and outside of activities of rural women, family obstacles, whereby women always face disagreement with their family while attending to social and economic activities. Furthermore, the women also have obstacles in the agricultural development due to the gender discriminations as well as due to low attendance of women NGOs to track their problems.
The study was conducted in the Udaipur district of Rajasthan to know the level of empowerment of rural women through self-help groups. A total of ten groups were selected from Badgaon panchayat samiti. A sample of 130 respondents (100 SHG members and 30 non members) was selected for the study. Questionnaire method was used for collecting the data. The four parameters which are considered to be the scale of determining the level of knowledge are socio-psychological, economic, legal and political issues. The results revealed that medium empowerment status was found in all four components i.e. socio-psychological, economic, legal and political with mean scores 2.71, 2.60, 2.49 and 2.60. Whereas not a single member had medium empowerment in socio-psychological and legal component with mean per cent score 2.56 and 2.34. Similarly, the non-members had poor empowerment in economic and political component with mean scores 2.26 and 2.16, respectively.
The study was undertaken to determine the production of Brinjal and to compare the financial profitability between IPM and Non-IPM Brinjal growers in the study areas. The study areas covered two intensive vegetables growing districts namely Comilla and Narsinghdi. The sample was 100 farmers taking 50 from each district. Among the farmers, 50% considered as pesticide users and 50% IPM users. Apart from descriptive statistics, Probit regression model and Cobb-Douglas production function was used in order to analyze the data. The findings of the study suggested that cost of brinjal production was higher for Non IPM farmers compared to IPM farmers. The average yield for the IPM and non-IPM farmers was found 38.7 ton per hectare and 45.9 ton per hectare respectively. Findings also suggested that IPM farmers had cost advantage compared to Non IPM farmers in the study areas. Among the explanatory variables of probit regression, coefficient of experience was found positive and significant while coefficient of distance to market and family size were negative and significant. Cobb-Douglas production function analysis suggested that the coefficient of human labour and cowdung had positive and significant effect on the yield of Brinjal. On the other hand irrigation and fertilizer had negative effect on the yield. This may be due to the fact that farmers may over using the irrigation and fertilizer in the Brinjal field. Lack of technical knowledge and effectiveness of pheromone trap for all insects was the major drawback for IPM adoption. The study recommends undertaking more training and research activities to overcome the problems of IPM technology for Brinjal.
The Zonal Agricultural Research Station, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, has been carrying out the research on major crops like Rice (Oriza sativa L.)., Finger millet (Eleusine coracana)., Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)., Maize (Zea mays L.) etc., considering the agro-climatic, location specific and need based demands of the farmers since its inception 1930s, many good agricultural practices were developed and they were transferred to farmers. There was need to evaluate the performance of these technologies in farmers’ field from time to time. One such technology selected for the study is, the sugarcane variety CO-86032 which was released during 2003-04 and it was compared with the local prevailing check variety CO-62175. An Ex-post-facto survey type of research design was adopted. The research objectives of the study are to find out the perception of farmers regarding performance of these farm technologies on their field regarding cane yield, income generated out of it and to find out association between cane yields and social factors affecting it. The study was conducted in Mandya, Maddur and Srirangapatna taluks of Mandya district, Karnataka state during 2009-10 and was retested in 2016 on pilot sample to ascertain the impact and performance of technologies among the farmers. The sample size was 270 and the respondents were selected randomly and purposively from afore said taluks of Mandya district. The data were collected from the respondents by administering pre-tested, structured interview schedule. The nominal data were analyzed using Chi square test to draw the inferences. The study found that the local variety CO- 62175 yielded 3.73 ton/ac cane yield more than that of CO- 86032. Majority of the respondents had harvested the cane yield ranging from 51 to 55 ton/ac, from CO-62175 and 56 to 60 ton/ac from CO-62175. Similar cane yield trend was observed in all the three taluks of Mandya district for both the varieties. Regarding jaggery recovery, the respondents obtained 120 kg of jaggery per ton of cane crushed from CO-86032 compared to 95kg from variety CO-62175, around 25 kg additional jaggery was recovered by crushing one ton cane from CO-86032. The perceived reason of respondents was more quality jiggery recovery from crushing the cane and they were willing to adopt the CO-86032 than that of CO-62175 variety. In case of finding out the association between the cane yield and the social variables; family size, land holding and education level of respondents found to have no significant association. It implies that all the 3 independent social variables had no influence on cane yield including the education level. The literacy had not played a key role in enhancing the crop yields. Both illiterate and literate respondents had obtained same crop yield without much difference. The implications of the findings are, though the cane yield of CO-86032 is relatively less compared to CO-62175, majority of the farmers were willing go for continued adoption of it, as it had multiple advantages, such as, high sugar content, pleasant color of consumer preference, better market price etc. Thus it should be promoted in large area in the Mandya and adjoining districts of Karnataka where similar agro climatic conditions exists. Further, there is a need to evolve high yielding varieties retaining the some of its beneficial attributes of CO-86032.