The significant roles played by oil palm production in the economy of Nigeria in the years before the advent of crude oil cannot be over-emphasized. The study examined farm families' adoption of recommended palm oil processing technologies in Isoko North Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria. The sample comprised 50 palm oil processors selected through random sampling technique. Data were collected with the aid of the structured questionnaire. Moreso, the group discussion was conducted with knowledgeable palm oil processors and owners of palm oil mills in selected communities. Data analyses were done with descriptive statistics (i.e. percentages). The result revealed that the perception of farmers on the level of adoption of recommended technologies (sterilizer, digester, and mechanical press) was high, threshing and separating machine was low and oil clarifier had zero level of adoption. The highlight the major constraints facing processors. These includes, high cost of processing, access to credit facilities, lack of government support, lack of extension contact, fluctuation of selling prices, inaccessibility to processing technologies and high cost of transportation. It was recommended that cost of processing equipment be subsidized by government and credit facilities made more accessible to small scale processors. Researchers should develop more semi- mechanized palm oil processing technologies that do not require huge cost, while palm oil processors should be encouraged to form cooperatives so as to pull their resources together to take advantage of these technologies.
The study assessed the determinants of food security among rural farming households in the Kogi State of Nigeria. This study was conducted in Kogi state which is located in central Nigeria. The principal analytical strategy adopted for this study involves the construction of a Food Security Index to ascertain the food security status of the respondents. The study found that a number of variables including membership of co-operative societies, access to extension agent, and access to credit and farm size had positive and significant effects on food security in the study area. The fact that a lower proportion of respondents belonged to cooperatives or had access to extension agents despite both having positive reinforcing effects on food security, calls for the intensification of extension activities in the area as well as the sensitisation of the farmers to the benefits of membership of cooperative societies. The positive effects of education also task the authorities to invest in formal and informal education for farmers through regular school attendance by younger farmers or through evening classes, adult literacy and distance learning programmes for older farmers. Similarly, access to credit through formal financial institutions should be further liberalized and constraints associated with collateral requirements should be alleviated for smallholder farmers, while the various credit intervention schemes of Nigeria's financial regulator should be expanded to benefit more farmers.
Information related to farm practices is a crucial input for critical decision making by farmers. Social Network Analysis, an innovative analytical tool which provides excellent scope to analyse complex networking system has been applied in the study to explore the invisible nature of communication networks between mobile based Agro-Advisory Services (AAS) & farmers and to study the flow of information from farmers to farmers of Umsning block, Ri-Bhoi district of Meghalaya. The social networks of farmers were based on three domains - Crop Production, Crop Protection and Animal Husbandry. Findings reveal that the social network of Crop Production domain and Crop Protection domain is clearly sparse in nature with fragmented components of about 8 and 11 while the social network of Animal Husbandry domain was tightly knit with only two components. The Network Centralization Index values of the three domains were prominently high, implying that the farmers relied on AAS of m4agriNEI.
The study assessed the costs and return of poultry egg enterprises in Lafia Local Government Area of Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Sixty (60) poultry egg producers were randomly selected from the 10 wards in Lafia Local Government Area. Data were collected using structured questionnaire for in-depth interview with selected respondents. Descriptive statistic (such as frequency distribution, percentage and means) and multiple regressions used to analyse the data. Results indicate that most (86.7%) of the respondents were male, within the ages of 31- 40 years. Findings further revealed that majority (83.3%) were married with household sizes of 1-5 inhabitants. Larger proportion (41.7%) of the respondents had 501-1000 birds, with same proportion (41.7%) of the respondents generating up to N 200,000 monthly. The total revenue (TR), Gross Margin (GM), Total variable cost (TVC), and Return on Naira Invested (ROl) were: N1, 575, 362.4 N1, 028, 681.9, N546, 680.5, and N0. 88 respectively. Also, the variables (R2) included in the regression model explained 89% of variation in the revenue generated by poultry egg farmers in the study area. Coefficients for land and drinker/feeder were significant at 1% level of significant, housing was significant at 10% level of significant, while increase in feed and increase in labour were significant at 5% respectively. However, labour had a negative coefficient. Some of the identified constraints were; inadequate improved technology, unavailability of raw material, poor extension/training facilities and managerial problems, high cost and poor availability of feed, high cost of labour, and poor finance . Respondents should be encouraged to form cooperative societies or join the existing ones to be able to access loan to their business and government could also make funds available to assist the layers poultry farmers. Stakeholders should be encouraged to cultivate food crops such as cereals and legumes to make feed stuff available to poultry farmers.
The present investigation was carried out during the year 2009, to find out the constraints faced by the farmers in the utilization of Kisan Credit Card this study was conducted in two purposively selected block of Raipur district of Chhattisgarh state with 120 Kisan Credit Card (KCC) holders. The study was confined within one district covering only two blocks and two village co-operative branches. The small size of an area is a major limitation of the study. The results revealed that Majority of the respondents (87.60%) reported that the quality of fertilizer provided as kind loan under KCC is not up to the mark, is one of the major constraints in the utilization of KCC. More than two-third of the respondents reported that loan limit is inadequate (81.66%), lack of knowledge about the claim of crop insurance (79.16%) and paper quality of KCC is not durable (72.50%) were some other major constraints in the utilization of KCC. More than 75 percent of the respondents suggested that the good quality of fertilizer should be provided on time by banks through KCC as kind loan and loan limit should be increased for better utilization of KCC loan. Majority of the respondents were of the opinion that KCC should be plastic coated (68.33%), 100% loan should be provided as cash (67.50%), requirement of no-dues certificate from the other banks for released of loan under KCC should be relaxed (59.17%), crop insurance premium and security amount should be waved off or deposited by government (56.67%) and KCC should be made for multipurpose use (55%).