Open Access Original Research Article

Adoption of Precision Technologies in Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L.) Cultivation at Thottiyam Block of Tiruchirappalli District

V. Dhanushkodi, K. Padmadevi, M. Ravi

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/41018

Available agricultural technology does not serve its purpose till it reaches and adopted by it ultimate users, the farmers. The present study was conducted in Thottiyam block of Tiruchirappalli district to assess the adoption of precision technologies in bitter gourd cultivation. Totally 90 farmers were selected for the study. A schedule was developed to know the adoption level of the bitter gourd cultivation through precision technologies and the adoption level was ranked based on the adoption status. From this study high extent of adoption of precision technologies viz., field preparation specified farm implements, recommended spacing, neem cake application at last ploughing, stakes to reach the pandal, growth regulators (ethrel 100 ppm) spray to increase fruit setting and marketing through integrated approach (Rank I) in bitter gourd cultivation was observed among the Krishi Vigyan Kendra adopted farmers compared to the non adopted farmers. It was concluded that the technology transformation tools like farmers field school, demonstration, training and exposure visit are effective to enhance the production and productivity of crops.

Open Access Original Research Article

Agricultural Production and Role of Policies for Sustainable Economic Growth in Nigeria

Umar, Safiyanu Maiadua, K. Suhasini

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/40887

The study was conducted to examine the relationship between agricultural production and the role of policies in achieving sustainable food self sufficiency and overall economic growth in Nigeria using time series data and Johansen Vector Error Correction methodology. The results of the analysis from 1970 to 2015 revealed that there was long run association between Index of agricultural production and the explanatory variables included in the model. Agricultural production was found to increase with increased in agricultural capital expenditure and fertilizer consumption, whereas interest rate, inflation rate and exchange rate impacted negatively on production during the period of the study. In the short run, however, exchange rate and credit had slightly raised agricultural production. The study found out a unidirectional causality between index of agricultural production and agricultural capital expenditure and bidirectional causality between index of agricultural production and fertilizer consumption. It was recommended from the finding that, for sustainable agricultural production and economic growth, increase in budgetary allocation for agricultural capital expenditure is imperative, the inputs and distribution policy, exchange rate policy must be favourable to producers and entrepreneurs along the agricultural value chains.

Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of Climate Change Effect on Agricultural Production in Benin

Casemir, B. Houngbedji, Adama Diaw

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/40522

The purpose of this article is to analyze the effect of climate change on agricultural production in Benin. As climate is the primary determinant of agricultural productivity, agriculture remains highly vulnerable to climate change. To achieve this, cereal production is estimated based on rainfall, average temperature and carbon dioxide emitted in Benin, growth rates of land used for cereal production and the rural population. These results show that agricultural production is always dependent on climatic hazards through the average temperature in the different models. This influence is globally negative. Note that rainfall is not significant in any of the models. Also, the concentration of CO2 has a downward influence on agricultural production. Finally, adaptation is beneficial for cereal production. It is, therefore, necessary to strengthen the adaptation capacities of producers.

Open Access Original Research Article

Efficiency Evaluation of Small Holders Palm Oil Production in Edo State, Nigeria

A. S. Bankole, S. O. Ojo, A. I. Olutumise, I. D. Garba, M. I. Abdulqadir

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/40850

This study evaluates the efficiency of palm oil production in the Edo State of Nigeria. Primary data were collected using a set of structured questionnaire from one hundred and ten (110) smallholders' palm oil producers which were selected using multistage sampling techniques. The stochastic frontier production and cost functions model were used to predict the firm level technical and economic efficiencies respectively. The results of the Stochastic Frontier Production Function analysis indicated that the major factors that influenced the output of palm oil production in the study area were quantity of Fresh Fruit Bunch, labour and water. From the result of the inefficiency model, the major factors which influenced the technical efficiency of the respondents were; gender, level of education and years of experience. The return to scale (RTS) yields 0.188 which indicates a positive decreasing return to scale and that the palm oil production in the study area was in stage II of the production.The technical efficiency of palm oil producers ranges from 0.65 to 0.95 with a mean efficiency of 0.86, with majority of the respondents (63.3%) having technical efficiency above 0.94. The economic efficiency analysis of palm oil producers revealed that there was presence of cost inefficiency effect in palm oil production as confirmed by the significance gamma value of 1.000. The mean technical, allocative and economic efficiency of 0.855 0.883 and 0.753 respectively were obtained from the data analysis, indicating that the palm oil producers were relatively efficient in allocating their limited resources. The palm oil producers are yet to achieve their best. This had been confirmed by the presence of technical inefficiency in the estimated models. It is therefore, evident from this study that technical efficiency (TE) of the producer could be improved substantially.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of Mass Media Dependency for Climate Change Information Sourcing among Agricultural and Fishery Extension Service Field Agents in Akwa Ibom State

Samuel Awolumate

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/40102

This study assessed the field agents’ mass media dependency status for sourcing of environmental and climate-proof agricultural and fishery information for extension service delivery in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study evaluated how mass media dependent were the spatially distributed agents, when sourcing for information on climate change and agriculture. Also the extent of agro-fishery information sourcing among field personnel of AKADEP and the climate change friendliness of Agricultural Development Programme in Akwa Ibom State. All the field agents served as population and sample for the study. The data were obtained through a validated questionnaire and were subjected to descriptive statistics. The results revealed that 58.4 percent of the respondents rarely sourced for climate change information in textbooks; while about 30.9% frequently do. About 55.1% rarely sourced for it in libraries outside their department or office; while 19.7% do that frequently. About 51.1% of the respondents frequently sourced for climate change information on conference proceedings; while 38.8% rarely do so and 10.15% never do that at all. Furthermore, about 62.0%,57.9%, 52.2% and 58.4% frequently sourced for climate change information from journals, newsletters, newspapers, magazines and radio/television respectively while about 28.7%, 35.4%, 41.0% and 38.5% respectively do that rarely and 9.0%, 6.7%, 6.7%, and 2.8%respectively never do that at all. This could be suggesting that there is more dependency on print than audio/audio-visual media within the peri-urban and rural regions. Extension agents with low usage of some of the tools could be those without interest in using these tools or perhaps they have scanty knowledge of how to use these resources.