Job satisfaction is essential to face the dynamic and ever – increasing challenges of maintaining productivity of the organization by keeping their workforce constantly engaged and motivated. Furthermore, environmental pressures, rising health costs and various needs of the workforce also pose a challenge for the management. This could be overcome by creating a work environment that maintains employee job satisfaction as well as motivates people towards exceptional performance at the workplace achieving work – life balance. The present study was carried out to assess of job satisfaction of the agricultural scientists of the main campus of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore. By employing appropriate sampling techniques 114 scientists were selected as sample respondents. Data were collected using well-structured and standardized interview schedule. Majority of the respondents (64.90%) were seen with medium level of job satisfaction followed by 18.40% with high level of job satisfaction. The rest of the respondents (16.70%) were seen with low level.
Panchayati Raj Institution is known as the backbone of the country and hence expected to perform their roles effectively in implementation and monitoring of the development schemes. PRI works at different levels and starts from village to district level. Each tier has its roles regarding MGNREGA, IAY and NRLM schemes. So it is necessary to ascertain the level of knowledge of PRI members about the schemes and roles of PRI regarding selected schemes. Further, the actual role performance of different tiers of PRI was also assessed in implementing and monitoring of development schemes. The descriptive research design was used for the present study. Four districts of Punjab state were selected purposively which were further represented by two blocks each. Random selection of three villages from each of the selected block was done. Forty elected Zilla Parishad members, forty-eight Panchayat Samiti members, and ninety-six Gram Panchayat members were selected. The self-structured interview schedule was prepared to collect the data. The collected data were analyzed by using frequency and percentage. It can be concluded that majority of Gram Panchayat and Panchayat Samiti members had a low level of knowledge about the schemes and no knowledge about the roles of PRI in selected schemes. Half of the Zila Parishad members were having a high level of knowledge about the selected schemes and the parts of PRI in different systems. Majority of Gram Panchayat and Panchayat Samiti members were not performing their roles in implementation and monitoring of development schemes. Only Zila Parishad members were performing their roles at a high level in implementation and monitoring of development schemes.
Aims: The study investigated the production efficiency of smallholder rice farms under Contract Farming and irrigation production in Ghana.
Methodology: Data was collected from 350 rice farmers selected through a stratified sampling technique using structured questionnaires. Descriptive and inferential statistics including stochastic frontier analyses were used to analyse the data.
Results: Contract Farms have higher efficiencies compared to Non-Contract Farms. There are differences in the efficiency distribution of Contract and Non-Contract Farms. The efficiencies of Contract Farms are significantly higher than the efficiencies of Non-Contract Farms under irrigation production and they also have different efficiency distributions. Under the rain fed production frontier, efficiencies of Contract Farms are significantly higher than the efficiencies of Non-Contract Farms and their distributions are different. Contract Farms under irrigation production have higher efficiencies than Contract Farms under rain fed production. The efficiencies of irrigation contract farms are significantly higher than the efficiencies of rain fed Contract Farms, however their distributions are similar across rain fed and irrigation production ecologies. Government policies to stimulate contract participation are recommended. We also recommend investment to expand irrigable land area to increase access, as it is one of the reasons why farmers are not practicing irrigation production.
Conclusion: CF has positive influence on farm efficiency hence farmers should be encouraged to produce under CF to increase their current efficiency levels thereby increasing their yields. Aside this, efficiency distribution also shows more CF have higher efficiency scores than their NCF counterparts.
Aim: To investigate the factors curtailing production of tea in Nyeri and come up with possible mitigating measures.
Study Design: In-depth qualitative survey that involved the interviewing of 28 tea farmers and 4 key informants (Subcounty Agricultural Officers)
Place and Duration of Study: Othaya, Tetu and Mathira sub counties of Nyeri County: July 2014
Methodology: Twenty eight farmers and 4 Key informants were interviewed using 2 structured questionnaires. The interviewees were selected using systematic random sampling. Data was collected on the challenges that face the tea sector as well as the mitigating measures used to address them. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics (percentages and means) using SPSS statistical program.
Results: Low prices, lack of technical know-how on some aspects of tea production, adverse climatic conditions, lack of markets for purple tea were identified as major issues limiting tea sector in the county. Possible solutions have been discussed in this paper.
Conclusion: Challenges that face the tea sector need to be addressed expeditiously in order to maximize tea production and earnings in Kenya.
Like any other developing country in the world agriculture is the main economic activity of Cameroon. This sector is mainly dominated by smallholder farmers. Unfortunately, accessibility to finance is among the major drawbacks, which have implications to productivity hence income of smallholder farmers. This study was aimed at investigating the determinants of access to credit on the performance of smallholder farmers in the Kumba municipality. Specifically, the study sought to examine (1) collateral security, (2) cost of credit facility and (3) knowledge/awareness of financial procedures on the performance of smallholder farmers. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. Using a multi-stage sampling procedure, 272 questionnaires were administered to smallholder farmers in the Kumba municipality. The data was analysed descriptively with the use of frequency tables and inferentially, using the multiple regression analysis. The findings revealed that collateral security, cost of credit facilities and knowledge/awareness of financial procedures have a significant impact on the performance of smallholder farmers as indicated by the t-values of 4.74, 4.73 and 17.43 respectively. An F-statistics of 21.19, greater than the critical F-value of 3.157 was obtained, implying that there exists a significant relationship between the determinants of access to credit (collateral security, cost of capital and knowledge and awareness of financial procedures) and performance of small holder farmers in the Kumba municipality. The study recommended amongst others that government should provide exclusive financial services to farmers and also ensure the smooth running and establishment of policies governing agriculture. Micro financial institutions should provide financial literacy to smallholder farmers and also develop new financial products that will cater for the needs of smallholder farmers particularly in Kumba municipality and Cameroon as a whole.