Self-Help Groups (SHGs) play an important role in empowering and economic development of society, especially for the powerless and poor rural community. Empowerment of rural community by developing entrepreneurial skills is the only solution to lower down these inequalities. Involvement of societies’ poor community in income generating activities helps to empower them economically, but it is difficult for them to start up a new enterprise alone due to lack of finance, self-confidence, etc. The district Mewat was selected purposively for study as it has the highest number of working women SHGs. Total sample size of 100 respondents was taken for collecting the data. Majority of the respondents had medium level of economic motivation, decision making ability and risk orientation. SHGs gave high impact on economic development of the respondents’, followed by the socio-cultural, legal/political, infrastructure/educational levels, family/interpersonal and psychological status. The members of SHGs should be given training on various income generating activities which have demand in the local market. Exposure visits should be arranged for them to generate a greater impact on the quality of product produced by beneficiaries who will help in increasing their knowledge and improve their skills. The major constraints faced by the respondents in effective functioning of SHG were the price problem, delay in getting loan, improper demand supply chain commodities, marketing and transportation problems.
In the present study we have suggested a newly modified ratio estimator for estimating the population variance by utilizing the auxiliary information of Downton's method. Properties associated with proposed estimators are assessed by mean square error and bias through numerical demonstration. We have also provided the theoretical efficiency comparison of the present study.
In the face of recent devastating flash floods in 2016 and 2017 in the north-east wetlands of Bangladesh, locally known as haor, where 70% of the crops were damaged as an effect of climate change; the study was undertaken to identify the farming practices well adapted to this varied conditions. The socioeconomic traits of the farmers that ultimately shape adaptive behaviour against this frequent flash flood damage were also assessed. Data were collected from 10 July to 20 August, 2017 by using a pre-tested structured interview schedule from 115 randomly selected farmers of four flash flood affected villages under two upazilas namely Tahirpur and Bishwambarpur of Sunamganj district. A mixed method research design was followed during data collection to calculate necessary logistic analysis and interpretations. Findings revealed that, use of short duration variety; practicing varietal diversification by growing short duration varieties in the low lands and allocation of Kanda land for long duration modern variety; and shifting harvesting maturity by farmers were proven significant adaptive practices of rice farming, while 80% of the respondents were low to moderate adaptor. Pearson’s correlation analysis explained that, adaptation of these farming practices varied significantly with the variation in farmers’ level of education, farm size, annual family income, communication exposure, agricultural training experience and perception on climate change while their age showed negatively significant relationship and family size showed a non-significant relationship. It was further revealed through Chi-square analysis that, farmers’ with higher level of education, farm size, annual family income, communication exposure and perception on climate change are likely to have a more favorable adaptive behaviour towards the farming practices to face flash flood damage.
Introduction: Out of the total net cropped area of 28.10 lakh hectares in Assam, only 1.96 lakh hectares is under double cropping despite the implementation of “Mission Double Cropping” with a fixed target of covering 2.09 lakh hectares in the state. Double cropping is not a new concept in Assam, because the cropping intensity has increased to 155.81 percent in 2013-14 from 152.29 percent in 2012-13. However, there is still some inhibitions on the part of the farmers in going for double cropping though it gives the farmers an increasing cash flow.
Aims: The present study was conducted to identify the major socio-economic constraints in adoption of double cropping.
Study Design: Original Research.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in Jorhat and Golaghat districts of Upper Brahmaputra Valley Zone (UBVZ) of Assam during 2016 where government programmes of double cropping are in operation.
Methodology: The study was based on primary data collected through the personal interview from a sample of 120 farmers. The sample was drawn through multistage stratified random sampling technique. Constraint facing index was used.
Results: The study revealed the non-availability of water supply in the crop field as the major constraint faced by the highest number of farmers during Rabi season followed by a shortage of labour and stray cattle problem. Some other problems such as non-availability of credit, shortage of water supply to the crop field, high fuel cost, shortage of credit, high wage rate, transportation cost were also reported by the study as constraints in adopting double cropping in the zone.
Conclusion: The study suggested some measures to overcome these reported problems like ensuring adequate irrigation facilities, proper awareness among the famers regarding water harvesting, proper fencing around the field to avoid stray cattle etc.
The study assessed the awareness and utilization of improved plantain production technologies for combating food insecurity among plantain household farmers in Abia State. Random sampling technique was used to select 60 respondents. Structure questionnaire was used for data collection. Data collected were analyzed with descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentages and means. Results of the study showed that a good proportion (56.7%) of the respondents had their plantain located in the field mainly for commercial purpose (78.3%), got their planting materials from proceedings of previous owned farm (58.3%), had 100 – 200 number of stands planted and made up to N80,000.00 – N110,000.00 and above per annum. The major technologies aware and utilized by the respondents were weeding (application of herbicides – 98.3%), Pruning – (66.7%) and Desuckering, (2-3 stands) (66.7%) respectively while others were in negligence. The respondents’ sources of information were mainly fellow farmers (95%) and friends/relatives (83.3%). However, the respondents’ level of awareness on improved technologies was low (44.2%). Hence the study recommends that the extension agents should intensify the awareness level of these technologies especially the neglected technologies and back it up with demonstration and fellow-up for proper utilization of the technologies.