Open Access Original Research Article

Socioeconomic and Biophysical Analyses of Food Crop Production in Mbiame Sub-Division, North West Region, Cameroon

Lukong Christian Jaidzee, Moye Eric Kongnso

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/41642

This study was undertaken to analyses the impacts of multiple socioeconomic and biophysical factors influencing food crop production in Mbiame, North West Region of Cameroon. To show this, we used a comprehensive data of socioeconomic and biophysical environment to investigate their potential determinants of food crop output. An assessment on the trend in yields showed a general decreased with soya beans (14.29 percent), maize (18.57 percent), groundnut (18.57 percent), beans (17.14 percent), cocoyam (8.57 percent), Irish potato (14.29) and cassava (8.57). A cause evaluation analysis was undertaken through a farmer participatory approach (with 150 questionnaires) and focus group discussion (Njanawa women’s group, mbohnso maize producers, Rifem common initiative group, Mbohchari farmers group and Ngorin farmers group); with a 69.3 percent acceptance that socioeconomic and biophysical factors are responsible for food crop fluctuation.

Open Access Original Research Article

Apple Cultivation in Kullu District of Himachal Pradesh: A Cost Analysis

Isha Sharma, A. K. Randev, Jagjeet Singh Gill

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/32644

The present study entitled “Apple cultivation in Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh: A cost analysis” has been carried out in two selected blocks i.e Banjar and Naggar of Kullu District in Himachal Pradesh by taking representative samples of 70 farmers. The farmers having less than one hectare of land were placed in group of marginal farmers, 1-2 ha as small, 2-4 ha as semi medium and more than 4 ha as Medium farmers . Distributions of the samples were done accordingly to their apple holding size. Establishment cost on per farm on the basis and per hectare basis has been worked out to from Rs 23678 and Rs 261932 respectively for overall farms. A total cost of plantation for marginal, small, semi medium and medium farms were 13660.33, 21333.86, 37136.03 and 91808.68 rupees respectively. Whereas, it can be said that the marginal area consuming trees show less price contribution than that of the medium farms which contributes much higher economy to the district financial infrastructure.

Open Access Original Research Article

Resource Use Efficiency among Cassava Farmers in Ilesa West Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria

E. O. Okebiorun, M. A. Maikasuwa, A. L. Ala, A. Atiku

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/40578

The study determined the level of resource used efficiency among Cassava farmers in Ilesa West Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria. Simple random sampling technique was used to collect data from 50 respondents from four selected wards in the Local Government Area. The data collected were analysed using a descriptive statistics and a production functional analysis. The result shows that 60% of the farmer's age was between 31 and 50 years. Out of which (70%) of the farmers were males while the 60% of the farmers were married with 62% having family sizes ranging from 6 to 10 individuals. Farmers with primary and secondary school education dominated the cassava production activities. The result further shows that 52% of the farmers source their capitals from their savings to finance their activities, while 58% of cassava farmers consider their engagements in cassava production activities as a primary occupation. Most of the cassava farmers (82%) have at least 10 years of experience in cassava production activities. Resource use analysis shows that fertiliser, labour and herbicide were under-utilised while cassava cuttings were over-utilised. It was concluded that cassava producers in the study area were not efficient in their resource utilisation. Thus, the study recommended that cassava farmers in the study area should increase the level of fertiliser, labour and chemical but reduce the quantities of cassava cutting in cassava production.

Open Access Original Research Article

Profitability, Inputs Influencing Yields and Constraints Faced by the Tomato (Lycoperaicon esculentum) Producers: An Empirical Evidence from Moulvibazar District in Bangladesh

Sufianur Rahman, Abdullah Al Zabir

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/42365

This study attempts to investigate the economics of tomato production in Moulvibazar district in Bangladesh. In this study, both economic models of description and statistical analysis were used to analyse the data. It was found that tomato cultivation was a profitable business in the study area. Per hectare production was 42.68 m. Ton. The average gross cost for tomato production was BDT. 2,80,004/ha. Per hectare gross return of small, medium and large farm was BDT. 5,62,172/ha, BDT. 5,57,908/ha and BDT. 5,44,674/ha, respectively. The overall benefit-cost ratio (undiscounted) was found 1.98. Per hectare, the benefit-cost ratio of the small, medium and large farm were 2.09, 1.99 and 1.87, respectively, which indicates that tomato production by small farm was more profitable. It was also found that the use of human labour, insecticides, fertilizer and bamboo had a significant impact on the gross return of tomato production. It was identified from the study that major problems faced by the farmers were: inadequate storage facilities, lack of sufficient credit supply, high interest rate, lack of human labour, inadequate supply of good quality seeds, high prices of fertilizers and insecticides, disease attacks, low price of product during harvesting, lack of marketing facilities and information. Some recommendation was made from the findings of the study, which were, institutional credit support, increase storage facilities, availability of good quality seeds, ensure fair price and control price fluctuation.

Open Access Original Research Article

Use of Agricultural Extension Information for Mitigation of Soil Degradation in Ondo State, Nigeria

Odefadehan Olalekan, Adereti Tobiloba, Odefadehan Oluwaseun

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/42324

Aims: This research work examined the use of agricultural extension information to mitigate soil degradation in Ondo Central senatorial district of Ondo state, Nigeria. The study identified significant sources of soil degradation in the study area, determine how often the farmers used the available information on soil degradation mitigation and identified observed changes that occurred on the soil in the past five years.

Methodology: A multi-stage random sampling technique was used in selecting respondents. Data were collected with the use of a structured questionnaire and interview schedule from 180 registered farmers across six communities in Ondo East and Ifedore Local Government Areas in Ondo Central senatorial district of the state.

Results: Results of the study shows that soil degradation changes observed include a great increase in water logging, soil erosion and dumping of biodegradables. The most important source of information on soil degradation is agricultural extension agents. Information on organic manuring and planting of cover crops were the top two information category used to mitigate soil degradation by the respondents. Test statistics showed that there was no significant relationship between changes in soil degradation and information use for mitigating soil degradation at .05 level of significance (P = .07; χ2= 1.957).

Conclusion: Agricultural extension services served as the most significant source of information for the farmers on soil degradation mitigation. There was observed overall increase in soil degradation over the period of 5 years (2012-2017). The use of available information to mitigate soil degradation was occasional despite the availability of information.