The vegetable species which are cultivated or grown but are underutilized and underexploited both regionally and globally are known as underutilized vegetables. Although the underutilized vegetables have poor market value and production, but these plant species are adaptive to local climatic conditions and require good management practices. However, the underutilized vegetables have good nutritional and medicinal values and which have capability to enhance food security of the poor people and have potential role towards sustainable development goals (SDGs) of Bangladesh. Currently, both the production and daily consumption of vegetable in Bangladesh is lower than the neighboring countries of it. Therefore, the underutilized vegetables can be an additional source of food for the people of Bangladesh which have potentiality to provide nutrition and income to the people. The role of underutilized vegetables are ignored and underexploited, sometimes, by agricultural researchers, policy makers, donor agencies, public and private investors, extension services and economists. Hence, it is important to promote these underutilized vegetables for food security and agricultural diversification which require further research.
The study was an “expost-facto” research carried out in Dharwad district of Karnataka State during the year 2013- 14. In Dharwad district, three taluks were selected based on the highest area under Soybean crop cultivation. The total sample size was 150. The results revealed that relative advantages of soybean production technologies were 95.24 per cent, followed by 97.33 per cent of the technologies were found to be compatible, but 47.69 per cent technologies were found complexity, 91.84 per cent of technologies were observability of results and 94.14 per cent of technologies can be trialable in small scale. The overall perceived attributes of soybean production technologies effectiveness were found to be 86.17 per cent. The probable reason might be the soybean production technology having high relative advantage, compatibility, observability, trialability and very less complexity. Hence the appropriate educational activities like demonstrations, field days etc. should be undertaken to reduce the remaining complexity of the technology.
Profiling of Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) farmers is relevant for policy development and successful implementation of projects. Few studies have been undertaken in this area of research. The object of this study is to profile farmers involved in the production of Eriocheir sinensis farming in Jiangsu province, China. Data were collected using structured questionnaire. Results show that most farmers have attained basic education. The average age of farmers is about 57 years. The main occupation of most of them is fish farming. The average number of household labour involved in mitten crab farming is 2, working 8 hours/day. Casual labour works for 8 hours and is paid about CNY 110.00/day while permanent labour is paid an average of CNY 3,500.00/month. Most farmers have 6-10 years’ farming experience; majority are involved in polyculture with shrimp as the major species mix with mitten crab. A greater number of farmers depends on their own savings for farming and operate between1-10 ha. Most farms are not insured against risks and disasters. A large number of farmers benefit from various training to enhance their capacities. It is therefore essential that authorities consider the socio-economic characteristics of mitten crab farmers for policy drive to help develop programmes and projects for successful implementation.
Aims: The broad objective of this study is analysis of management systems and commercialization of poultry broiler production. The specific objectives are to determine the socio-economic factors influencing choice of system, compare the level of commercialization at each system and determine the effect of credit on the level of commercialization.
Study Design: Cross-sectional design.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in Makurdi Area of Benue State, Nigeria, between September and December 2017.
Methodology: The population of the study constitutes all poultry farmers in Makurdi Area of Benue State, Nigeria, operating both at commercial and small scale. A total of 110 poultry farmers were sampled and randomly selected using the snowball sampling technique. The snowball sampling technique was adopted because the population was not definite. Data for the study were collected using a well-structured questionnaire administered to the respondents. Logistic regression, multiple regression and Farm commercialization index were used for analysis.
Results: The result of the analysis revealed that farmer’s age, household size and marital status significantly influenced choice of broiler management system operated by the farmers. Again, the estimates of the FCI shows that the level of commercialization was very high among the intensive farmers and low among non-intensive farmers. Also, the result of the multiple regression indicated a strong and positive relationship existing between credit and level of commercialization.
Conclusion: The extent to which poultry farmers are oriented towards producing for the market was found to be influenced by the choice of system. The low level of commercialization among the extensive farmers was probably for the reasons for which the bird were reared. Nevertheless, there is need for farmers to increase their commitment at whichever system of management adopted, as well as the essence of credit on productivity upsurge. Also, Government should improve farmer’s access to credit as this would help them increase their capital base as well as farm size (number of birds) because this variable was significant in influencing poultry level of commercialization.
The study was conducted in the Hisar city of Haryana State. Two localities were selected randomly. Out of each selected locality, 20 respondents each from different age categories i.e. 16-30 years, >30-45 years, >45-60 years and above 60 years were selected randomly. Objective of the study is to explore the access and preferences of print media across generations. To assess print media habits of different age group. To find out the impact of demographic factors on print media habits. A set of nine independent variables including socio –economic and personal profile and three dependent variable were taken namely media ownership& access, media preferences and media habits. The study revealed that majority of the respondents had newspaper (97.5%) in their household. Newspaper was perceived as most reliable media in all four age categories. Regarding, newspaper most of the respondents read newspaper less than 30 minutes in a day. Front page was most preferred page as shown through percentage (74.3%) followed by local page (58.7%), international page (53.1%) and sports page (46.8%).