Aims: (1) To obtain a picture of the skills training conducted by the Social Affairs and Manager of Street Children in Depok Town, (2) To figure out the implementation of the model of skills training in enhancing the competence of street children, (3) To evaluate the training model.
Study Design: Case Study.
Place and Duration of Study: Depok Town, West Java, Indonesia, between June until November 2017.
Methodology: We included 30 respondents of Street Children (24 men, 6 women; age range 12-23 years) with in-depth interviews with related offices, manager of street children and companies in the local area.
Results: (1) The model consists of Managers of Street Children at Sekolah Master as the venue for the training program as well as the education and training of street children, Street Children as the main object in this study and Donors or Community as training program providers and funders; (2) The implementation involves choosing a training that is preferred by street children, the results of the training have a direct impact towards skills, as resource for working, the training is provided directly by trainers form company through simulation and practice at workplace or in place which has been provided and equipped with tools and materials needed, training materials tailored to the the competencies required by the company; (3) The evaluation of training model implemented is training should provided the competencies needed by company.
Conclusion: (1) The manager of street children at Sekolah Master has conducted periodical guidance to street children through skill training; (2) The manager of street children at Sekolah Master walk to pull through coaching, education and coaching spirituality and in fostering constrained to support the completeness of equipment, facilities, and funding support; (3) Various of training has been given to street children in order that they will have the better of life.
Krishi Vigyan Kendra conducted frontline demonstrations (30 Nos.) on sowing of wheat by zero tillage method at farmers’ field (12 hectare) during years 2015-17 in Ambala. The data on productivity, economics and water saving in demonstrated plots were calculated and compared with the corresponding farmer’s practice. It was observed that yield of demonstrated plots was 11.60 per cent higher than farmer’s practices. The extension gap, technology gap and technology index were 5.42 q/ha, 2.92 q/ha and 5.30 per cent respectively. Due to reduced cost of cultivation and higher crop yield, the gross and net return was also higher in zero tillage as compared to the farmer’s practice. The BCR was 3.31, 3.35 and 3.74 in zero tillage, which was higher than in farmer’s practice 2.59, 2.59 and 2.83 respectively. The depth of irrigation was also less, i.e. 33.03 ha-cm and 41.04 ha-cm respectively in zero tillage and farmer practice. Higher yield and returns due to reduced cost of cultivation and water saving in the FLDs over the farmer’s practice created greater awareness and motivated the other farmers to adopt this latest wheat sowing technology.
The study was carried out in Kajiado County to gain information on livestock keepers' perception of East coast Fever disease and its vaccine utilization. East Coast fever (ECF) is a major constraint to livestock production, ranking among those of high economic importance. The high input cost in ECF management, control and treatment steered the development of the East Coast Fever Immunization vaccines (ECFiM) as envisaged to be effective and economical. The main aim of the study was to realize the livestock keeper’s perception of the East Coast Fever Immunization vaccines (ECFiM). The data was collected using a survey of 88 households, fifteen focus groups with livestock keepers, key informant interviews and a workshop. Frequency counts and percentages were used to analyse data. Type of livestock kept by the community and their preference; cattle 37.5%, sheep 28%. Prioritized livestock diseases: ECF 42.5%, FMD 25%. Sources of ECFiM-vaccines information were ranked as Kenya Agricultural Livestock Research Organization (KALRO) employees 26.25% and veterinarians16.25%. The importance of the ECFiM was ranked as reduced mortality 38.75% and reduced tick control 25%.
Main factors constraining the adoption of ECFiM vaccine as given by the respondents were two that are, inadequate technology 31.25% and finances 21.25%. Agriculture being a devolved function, the County government should formulate policies that enhance the working relationship between (KALRO) so that they can train the farmers on the use of ECFiM vaccine. There is a need for the County government to link the farmers with financial institutions where they could have access to loans to purchase the vaccine.
This paper examines the economic performance of White-leg shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) production in Rudong county of Nantong city, Jiangsu province, China. White-leg shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) production is an important economic activity in the overall farming system in China. Despite the current achievements witnessed by white-leg shrimp production, there are many challenges (high cost of production, disease, over feeding, effluent discharge, lack of technical knowledge, low educational level, inexperienced managers, among others) continuing to set back the growth of this sector in China. Three seasonal crops data in 2016 were collected from 52 white leg shrimp farmers. Descriptive statistics, profitability and regression analysis were employed in the data analysis. The study revealed that all white-leg shrimp farmers sampled were males. Most farmers (78.9%) belonged to an age group of 41-60 years with 6-10 years farming experience. Operational costs of White-leg shrimp farming accounted for 89.2% of the total cost with costs of feed, fingerlings and fuel representing 34.3%, 13.1% and 12.7% respectively. Farmers obtained an average revenue of CNY 924,359.74 (US$140,516.51)//ha from shrimp sold at an average price of CNY 43 (US$6.60)/kg and secured a net profit of CNY 378,144.55 ($57,483.63)/ha. The gross margin ratio (0.47), benefit cost ratio (0.69) and return on investment (0.69) revealed that white-leg shrimp is economically viable. Feed cost, cost of fingerling and experience showed negative significant effect on revenue at 5%, 10% and 1% respectively while farm size and average price showed positive effect on revenue at 1% level of significance.
Aims: This study aimed to explore the potential of using WhatsApp to enhance farm advisory services.
Study Design: Quasi-experimental design.
Place and Duration of the Study: The study was conducted in 8 districts of the State of Himachal Pradesh India, June 2016-December 2016.
Methodology: An experimental WhatsApp group involving 96 farmers was created across eight districts of Himachal Pradesh, India. The posting of messages and queries were examined for six months. Different types of farmer queries were responded with the support of subject matter specialists across various relevant agro enterprises.
Results: Over six month period, 442 posts were shared by farmers in the WhatsApp group. Of these, 34.16 percent of posts pertained to the queries on agricultural problems faced by the respondents. This was followed by real life photos (20.59%), greetings (12.44%), irrelevant posts (7.47%). A total of 61 queries related to problems in crops and vegetables, 62 in animal husbandry, 19 in horticulture and 6 in floriculture were referred for advice through WhatsApp.
Conclusion: WhatsApp is an effective tool for real time farm advice and can serve as an important platform for sharing need based and demand driven farm extension information across the various farming enterprise.