The main objectives of the study were to determine farmers’ perception towards harmful effects of climate change on agriculture in Bangladesh and to identify the factors that influence farmers' perception towards harmful effects of climate change. The study was conducted in four villages under Kazipur upazila of Sirajgonj district. Data were collected by using interview schedule from randomly selected 113 respondents. The findings revealed that an overwhelming majority (89.4%) of the respondents had lower to moderately agreed perception towards harmful effects of climate change on agriculture. Among nine selected characteristics, organizational participation, extension media contact and knowledge on climate change had a significant positive contribution to the farmers' perception towards harmful effects of climate change on agriculture. It is recommended that to minimize the harmful effects of climate change on agriculture initiative should be taken to improve farmers’ perception through more involving with organizational participation, extension media contact and increasing knowledge.
The present study was carried out to examine the factors that influence the adoption of coping mechanisms by the farmers to mitigate the adverse impacts of the climate change. The study employed ex-post facto research design with quantitative data. The study was conducted in Chitradurga district of Karnataka state in 2017. In Chitradurga district, ten villages were selected from two taluks Challekere and Molakalmuru. 15 respondents were interviewed from each village following a simple random sampling procedure, thus constituting a total sample size of 150. The pertinent data were analyzed with statistical techniques like Karl Pearson’s Co-efficient of correlation, frequency and percentage using Software Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and Microsoft Excel. It was found that the majority of the farmers adopted technologies like installation of drip irrigation, initiating intercropping and change in cropping pattern. The techniques like the change in date of sowing, change in variety and protected cultivation was least adopted by the farmers. The results showed that adoption of a technology is influenced by the factors such as age, education, family size, size of land holding, irrigation potential, mass media participation, information seeking behavior, preparedness for adoption and change resistance.
The growth of fish production and development of fishery sector is highly dependent on an efficient fish marketing system. Fish marketing strategies developed and evolved along with the changing time and has now reached the digital era where the possibilities of incorporating technology in the marketing system is being explored. Online fish marketing is the new innovative approach in the field, trying to cater to the ever-increasing demand of high quality fresh and affordable fish among the consumers delivered within the shortest time period. On one hand, it helps the producers get a deserving legitimate share in the consumer's rupee and on the other hand, it safeguards consumer's rights against excessive prices. This study is an attempt to assess the online fish trade existing in Ernakulam district of Kerala. Seventeen firms/outlets were selected to analyse various aspects related to the online firms including species traded, mode of sales, customer profile, storage facilities, constraints faced etc.
Results reveal that all the online fish trading firms were of recent origin and their average monthly turnover was 10 lakhs. Firms with wider outreach or strong backward and forward linkages were found to realize much higher returns when compared to others. Around 31 percent of the online fish trading firms opined that customers opt their service because of the reason that they can save their time. Twenty-four percent of them reported that readiness of the product traded online attracted their customers to choose their services. Many of the firms were found to have closed their outlets due to many constraints faced by them. Huge overheads/advertisement costs were mentioned as the major constraint faced by the online trading firms. When considering fish marketing in the Ernakulam district, only 0.52% of the total fish marketed is being delivered by the online firms.
Agriculture mostly depends on weather and climate for optimum productivity. Climate change has become a global threat to agriculture and humanity. To cope with these changes, farmers employ adaptation strategies. This paper evaluates the Extension Service Delivery for Climate Change Adaptation by Crop Farmers in Niger State, Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique was used to randomly select 162 respondents. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Likert-scale. The results showed that respondents were mostly (81.13%) male, between 31 and 45 years of age (42.14%). They had one form of formal education (52%) or the other; 74.21% had extension contact; without access to credit. Extension services used for technological transfer were extension meetings, method demonstration, result demonstration and mass media. These extension services may be inadequate to effectively transfer climate change adaptation strategies to farmers. Farmers’ sources of information were mainly radio, extension agents, fellow farmers and television. Farmers’ level of awareness on climate change adaptation strategies was not high. Planting of improved crop varieties, change in planting dates and mixed farming were some strategies used by the farmers. The impact of climate change observed to be very high were high temperature (3.86), low rainfall (3.61) and low output/yield (3.57). These impacts cause shortage in the food supply, malnutrition, poor health status and poverty to farming households. Farmers are faced with the inadequate fund (96.23%); lack of access to weather forecast information (89.94%); and high cost of improved and resistant varieties (86.79%). It, therefore, concludes that Extension Services are a pertinent means of improving climate change adaptation strategies; however, Extension services available are inadequate. The study recommends that extension agents should visit crop farmers more regularly to increase awareness to boost farmers' knowledge on adaptation strategies; credit facilities and inputs should be provided to the farmers timely and at the required quantity.
Livestock has played an indispensable role in the Indian economy. Animal husbandry is culturally and economically integrated into the society. Livestock is a source of protein, livelihood and draught power. Diverse enterprises like Apiculture, Sericulture, and Pisciculture have been reared traditionally for many years. Indigenous stock has higher resistant to diseases and can better adapt to climate change. They act as a buffer to crop failure and sudden monetary losses. Rearing a wide variety of animals like yaks, camels and Mithun apart from cattle, sheep and goat are unique characteristics of animal husbandry in India. Technological backwardness, financial constraints, and inadequate veterinary services are few issues that hinder the progress in the sector.