The technologies available at present in the field of agriculture have no relevance whatsoever if these are not reached and adopted by the farmers for the improvement of crop productivity. Keeping this in view, the present study was undertaken to analyse the impact of vocational training in specific relevance to vermicomposting technology provided to the intended clientele group during 2012. The crux of the study was focused on the impact indicators like a) change in the level of production b) economics c) additional employment generated etc., on the intended clientele group. The present research study was confined to the operational cum jurisdictional area catered by Krishi Vigyan Kendra of Cuddalore district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The Krishi Vigyan Kendra is a district level knowledge centre formed under the policy guidance of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and which acts as the apex body to govern the Transfer of Technology (TOT) across the nation. One of the mandates of such district level knowledge centre is to provide vocational training to the farming individuals’ viz. farmer, farm women, rural youths, and unemployed school drop-outs. Vermicomposting technology is a simple and quick process of converting farm waste into valuable compost which in-turn acts as a source of the organic amendment for improving soil health enhancing crop production. The farmers can learn the vermicomposting technology through hands on training and take-up this as a venture for additional income generation apart from crop husbandry and make this as one of the components in Integrated Farming System (IFS) for creating employment. One of the farmers by name Mr. V. Sekar of Kodukoor village in Cuddalore district attended the vocational training on vermicomposting organized by ICAR- KVK Cuddalore during 2012. Mr. V. Sekar got motivated and started a vermicomposting unit of size 6 x 2 x 2 feet with the technical guidance from KVK Cuddalore. The scientific validation of study revealed that Mr. V. Sekar was earning a net annual income of Rs. 1,15,500/- through the sale of vermicompost and vermi worms, thereby generating an additional employment of 426 man-days per year. It was concluded that the vocational training and technical backstopping extended by the KVK Cuddalore was the most viable technology transformation tool in enhancing farmers’ income and employment generation.
The study Assessed Women Participation in Vegetable Production Activities in ADP, Zones III, Taraba State, Nigeria. The Specific objectives were to describes the socio-economic characteristics of women vegetable farmers; identify the types of vegetables production activities participated by women; identify the types of vegetable mostly produced by women farmers; assess the level of participation of women in vegetable production activities and identify the problems affecting women participation in vegetable production in the study area. Null hypothesis was formulated that, there is no significant relationship between socio-economic characteristic of women vegetable farmers and their participation. Primary data were obtained from 182 respondents using multi- stage purposive and simple random techniques. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and logit regression model was used to test the hypothesis formulated. The result of the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents revealed that majority of the respondents were young adult of less than 51 years of age, most of the respondents had acquired formal education and had large household size. All the women farmers were smallholder farmers cultivating less than 4 hectares of farmland. The result on the types of 2 vegetable farming activities carried out by women farmers in the study area shows that majority (98.35%) of them were involved in planting of vegetable, 95.60% of the respondents were engaged in land preparation\ tillage, 89.56% of the respondents participated in harvesting among others. The common vegetables produced by women in the area were identified as; okro 90.66%, spinach 74.18%, pumpkin 67.63%, fluted pumpkin 59.34%, moringa 56.59% among others. The findings further shows that women farmers highly involved in vegetable farming activities like land preparation/tillage X̅ = 3.2, planting X̅ =3.7, weeding X̅ = 3.5 and harvesting X̅=3.5. The Logit regression analysis results reveals that educational level, household size, farming experience and income of women farmers have positive relationship with their level of participation in vegetable production. The major problems affecting women participation in vegetable production were identified as; inadequate funds 91.21%, high cost of input 76.37%, poor pricing of vegetables 68.68%, and problem of soil erosion 69.23% among others. It was recommended that women farmers should form or join cooperative societies in order to get financial support from government, NGOs and formal financial institutions to boost vegetable production in the study area. Also, government should subsidize the price of farm inputs in order to make them accessible and affordable to women farmers. In the same vein, better access of women to agricultural extension services should be emphasized.
Severity of drought leads to reduction in agricultural production that may result in reduced income for farmers and agribusiness, increased prices for food and finally which leads to affect the livelihood of the farming community as well as this also pave way for negative deviation on the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) contribution of agriculture of the country. The study was conducted in Namakkal district of Tamil Nadu state, with one of the objective to identify the perception of farmers towards the effect of drought and to document the suitable suggestive measures suggested by the farmers in different agro- ecosystem to overcome the drought. The simple random sampling method was used in the selection of 100 farmers each 50 belongs to annual and seasonal crops respectively. The findings revealed that considering various perception level of farmers in Namakkal district, more than 60.00 per cent of farmers perceived the effect of drought to the extent of 60.00 per cent and above in their farming situations like reduction in water level, cultivable area, change in planting dates and change in cropping pattern. Followed by nearly 54.00 per cent of respondents perceived the effect of drought to the same extent in the agricultural allied sector (i.e), Selling of livestock. Regarding suggestions to overcome drought, Majority of respondents (82.00%) suggested that proper guidance should be given to farmers regarding state and centrally sponsored schemes and policies and complex procedure of the scheme should be simplified as one of the major suggestions, followed by 75.00 per cent of respondents who had stated that faster and necessary arrangements should be taken to provide compensation /insurance for crop loss during drought.
Recapitulating the golden nuggets referring to agriculture in literature will rejuvenate the spirit of farming community and make them involved in their occupation with renewed zeal. The present study was conducted with major objectives to study the awareness of farmers on traditional agricultural practices, to assess popular agricultural references in Tamil literature and their perception of scope for agricultural development and also to elicit information on the awareness of farmers on Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK) practices in livestock rearing and their perception on adoption of Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK) Practices. The study indicates that majority takes pride in agriculture, but only 57.65 per cent want their wards to practice the profession. Less than 50 per cent feel that there is no future for agriculture. They cannot unanimously vouch for the respect for agriculture in the future. When the farmers were asked to list for adoption of ITK practices all the farmers responded that the IT results in low cost in the livestock management. 95.56 per cent of the farmers opined that ITK) results in the increasing quality of milk, quality of egg and meat. 93.61 per cent of farmers felt that ITK practices are more suitable for organic farming especially for raising the fodder. When the farmers were asked to cite the demerits of the Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK) practices, all the farmers responded that the native breeds have a high mortality rate.
Aims: This study aimed to empirically test social media tools in farm extension communication activities.
Study Design: Quasi-Experimental Design.
Place and Duration of the Study: The study was conducted in 8 districts of the State of Himachal Pradesh, India, June 2016-December 2016.
Methodology: The current study involved the creation of social media communication intervention among the selected group of farmers from the state of Himachal Pradesh. This was achieved through the creation of Facebook and WhatsApp groups among smartphone user farmers and sharing relevant agricultural information for a period of six months.
Results: The notable benefits derived by farmers were seeking solutions to minimise crop and livestock losses, easy availability of information in multiple forms, regular learning, multimodal information delivery and the creation of social capital. Reported constraints were the high frequency of irrelevant posts by other members, increased internet data requirements and poor internet connectivity. The study also found users to prefer WhatsApp over Facebook due to convenience in use, privacy feature as well as lesser internet data requirements. Further, less use of Facebook, difficulty in understanding its use in agricultural extension was other reported constraints in its use for seeking and sharing agricultural information.
Conclusion: The study, therefore, recommends increased use of social media by state agricultural/animal husbandry departments to leverage the benefits of these tools with possible constraints and suggestive measures. The extension agencies should also quickly adapt and develop relevant information, which can be disseminated through these tools.