Open Access Original Research Article

Exploring Economic Efficiency of Pineapple Production at Madhupur Upazila of Tangail District, Bangladesh

K. Akter, S. Majumder, M. A. Islam, A. U. Noman

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/44213

The study was conducted to estimate the economic efficiency of pineapple production at Madhupur upazila of Tangail district in Bangladesh. Considering the 2016-2017 cropping season, data were collected through structured questionnaire administered on 100 pineapple farmers using multistage sampling technique and analyzed using descriptive statistics and translog stochastic cost frontier approach. The mean economic efficiency was estimated as 82.61% across the study area which means that farmers were not operating on the cost frontier (100% efficient). So, the results indicate that there is still an opportunity for pineapple farmers to minimize cost without compromising yield with present technologies available in the hands of farmers. The study reveals that age and micro credit had significant positive but extension contact had significant negative influence on economic inefficiency. The significant positive coefficient of age and access to credit indicate that economic inefficiencies are significantly lower for the younger farmers compared to old aged group and farmers with access to credit tend to exhibit lower levels of efficiency. The negative influence of extension contact implies that economic inefficiency will be reduced significantly by enhancing extension contact. It can be concluded that there was economic inefficiency in pineapple production in the study area despite high levels of economic efficiencies among the studied farmers. It is recommended that policies should be implemented for providing a favourable environment to encourage more youth to engage in pineapple production in a bid to increase efficiency. Concerned authority should need to monitor beneficiaries of credits to reduce the misapplication of credit money by the farmers. Extension agents have to improve the frequency of contact with the farmers for appropriate input allocation and cost minimization to enhance efficiency in pineapple production.

Open Access Original Research Article

Attitudes of the Rural People towards Social Entrepreneurship in the Punjab Province, Pakistan

Hazem S. Kassem, Fahad Aldosari, Muhammad Muddassir, Ashar Sultan Kayani

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/44525

Currently, there is much debate concerning the role of social entrepreneurship in sustainable development, as well as the environmental factors important to the emergence and implementation of social initiatives. This study was conducted to determine the attitudes of rural people toward social entrepreneurship in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. The cluster sampling technique was employed to select 112 rural respondents from 3 villages. The primary data was collected by the use of pre-tested interview schedule during the period from March to May 2017. The study findings revealed that 52.7% of the rural population had positive attitudes toward social entrepreneurship. Results of the Pearson correlation test indicated that the education level of the rural population was found to be significantly correlated with attitudes toward social entrepreneurship. The study recommended that governments create an environment conducive to the fostering of positive attitudes toward social entrepreneurship among rural populations of the study area.

Open Access Original Research Article

Potentials of Agricultural Production in Light of Climate Variability in Oljoro-Orok Division, Kenya

Amon Mwangi Karanja

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/17819

The paper analyzed agricultural production potential in light of climate variability in Oljoro-orok division in Kenya. The objective of the paper was to evaluate the available opportunities and assess the challenges that may limit agricultural production in light of climate variability threats in the division. Climate variability variables such as severe drought and frequent flooding has caused a lot of suffering to human being and animals in the world today due to hunger, increased cases of diseases and destruction of their habitats. Households’ adaptations and responses to climate change cannot be seen in isolation from the state in which they operate in. External adaptations practices fail to reflect local needs and priorities, leading to low adoption of external interventions. The study explored the strength, weaknesses, opportunities and threat in Oljoro-orok division in place to adapt to climate change using a SWOT analysis. SWOT is an acronym for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. A SWOT matrix was developed using matching and conversion method and used in the analysis of the adaptive capacity of the division. The study found that there are strengths and opportunities which when well utilised will help counter the weaknesses and threats and adapts to climate change and increase agricultural production.

Open Access Original Research Article

Measurement of Efficiency in Cocoyam Production: An Application of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) Approach

S. Abdulrahman, A. J. Timothy, B. Mohammed, F. Siewe, G. Binuyo

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/18392

Aims: The objective of this study were to estimate economic efficiency and its determinant on cocoyam farmers in Kaduna state.

Study Design: Primary data were used for this study and this was collected through the use of structured questionnaires.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conduct in Giwa, Kudan and Ikara local government areas in Kaduna state, Nigeria during 2014 cropping season.

Methodology: A Multistage sampling techniques were employed for this study.

Results: It was observed from the study that the majority of cocoyam farmers (36.29%) had technical efficiency of 0.81 and less than 1.00, the respondents (27.42%) operated within an allocative efficiency range of 0.2 and less than 0.2. The study also suggests that economic efficiency among cocoyam farmers were between 0.029 and 1.00, with a mean economic efficiency of 0.335. This result implies that the farmers in the study area are economically inefficient.

Conclusion: Data envelopment analysis was employed on measurement of efficiency in cocoyam production, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Based on the findings of this study, it could be concluded that cocoyam farmers are economically inefficient having economic efficiency of 34%. Also, age, education, extension and amount of credit received were the factors influencing economic efficiency of the cocoyam producers in the study area.

Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of the Contributions of the Bank of Agriculture to Cassava Production in Isoko North Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria

K. N. Tibi, B. I. O. Akpobasa

Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/AJAEES/2018/28118

The study was conducted to assess the contribution of the Bank of Agriculture to cassava production in Isoko North Local Government Area. A simple random sampling technique was employed in the selection of six (6) towns and twelve(12) local cassava farmers from each of this six towns. The sample size was seventy two (72). Both primary and secondary data were used in the study. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics and the chi-square test was used to test the hypothesis. The study showed that only 30.6% of the farmers had access to credit facilities. The average amount of credit obtained was N186, 500. A proportion of 54.2% of the respondents obtained N51, 000 to N100, 000. About 13.9%obtained N161, 000 to N 200,000. A negligible proportion of 8.35% obtained above N210, 000.The average farm size of the farmers is 3.5  hectares The results of the chi-square test shows that the farmers that had access to credit have statistically significant higher output and farm size than those farmers that did not have access. However, there was no significant difference in the farm capital and expenditure values between those farmers that had access and those that did not. Although the Bank of Agriculture has made some significant contribution in the provision of credit for cassava production, the credit facilities are not adequate for the farmers to expand their farm holdings in order to increase cassava production in the study area.